Why does a burn occur after tanning
Tanning can appear on skin areas both naturally, under the influence of sunlight on exposed skin, and in artificially created conditions. Using a tanning bed as a way to always look beautiful thanks to an even layer of tan is not always a safe procedure for patients.
The darkening of the skin under the influence of UV rays occurs in stages and during the first visits to tanning salons specialists should take into account all the features of the procedure. Initially, the skin, when exposed to rays, may turn red a little. This reaction is all expressed in different ways: high temperature and UV radiation cause the body to include a defense mechanism. Most of the redness, as a result of exposure to the skin surface, ultraviolet rays passes painlessly and independently, but this will take some time. The skin, which has undergone several sessions and already has a primary layer of tanning, becomes more prepared for subsequent procedures and the phenomenon of burns of the epidermis is an extremely rare, isolated phenomenon, often occurring due to the negligence of specialists.
Who is contraindicated tanning
There are a number of restrictions for visiting a tanning salon, and they must be taken into account not only by specialists, but also by the patients themselves, because in the opposite case, instead of a beautiful bronze tan, you can either get a small burn or, worse, seriously damage your health. Contraindications for visiting a solarium are:
- People who have very light and sensitive skin.
- The presence of cancer.
- Predisposition to cancer.
- The presence of one or many birthmarks with a diameter of at least 15 mm.
- At the time of taking drugs with antibacterial properties, tranquilizers, antidepressants.
- A number of diseases for which not only visiting tanning salons is prohibited, but also to sunbathe naturally.
In any case, people who dream of getting a beautiful tan in a tanning salon should remember that they once again force the body, or rather the immune system, to work in a heightened mode.
Symptoms of burn in tanning beds
Hike in the solarium can end not only burns the skin, but also provoke the development of certain diseases. Experts identify the main symptoms by which you can diagnose burns of the skin:
- Peeling skin particles.
- The presence of pain in the affected areas.
- Burning and itching.
- Increased body temperature.
Face burn in tanning beds
Cases when going to a solarium ends with a burn of skin particles are far from uncommon. The front part of the skin is not less than other areas exposed to the negative effects of UV rays. Although it is these areas that always have contact with direct sunlight, burns on the face after a visit to the tanning bed are not uncommon and that is why this happens.
- Allergy to ultraviolet rays.
- Allergy to components and tools used in the solarium.
- Too much exposure of the rays to the skin that was not previously prepared by similar procedures.
Face burns are divided into two stages:
- The first stage. The burn affects the upper layers of the epidermis, the restoration of which will take from two to seven days.
- Second stage The presence of blisters on the face, which indicate a deeper lesion of the skin. The appearance of ichor flowers on the damaged areas is quite a natural phenomenon. Symptoms of burns completely disappear in about two weeks.
Before visiting a tanning salon, you must adhere to several rules that will help avoid problems with facial burns, or at least whistle the risk of damaging the skin to a minimum. Begin the procedure of ignition with a minimum time of exposure to the rays, giving the body and skin to get used to such loads.
Eye burn solarium
The thermal effect that the retina on the sun undergoes during a procedure in a solarium may cause serious problems with the organs of vision. At the first symptoms of eye burns in the solarium, it is necessary to immediately stop the procedure to find out the causes of the manifestations. What are the reasons for determining that the retina and other organs of the eye were damaged in the form of a burn:
- Eyes inflamed, tearing appeared.
- Observed swelling of the cornea, the presence of conjunctivitis.
- The eyeball is inflamed, there is pain, redness.
- Hemorrhage on the surface of the eyeball, the change in the pressure of the organ in the direction of increasing.
Exposure to UV rays and thermal damage lead to the death of entire areas of the retina, new growths in the form of defective vessels are observed.
A feature of the negative effects of ultraviolet on the organs of vision is the unobstructed penetration of rays through the cornea, with subsequent damage to the retina. All symptoms of UV damage do not appear immediately, but after three to four hours. This circumstance forces to put on special means of protection during a session in tanning beds.
How much does a tanning burn take?
With a slight redness, after a session in a tanning salon requires the use of tools that will help relieve burn symptoms. Various nutritious gels, creams, shower with hot water will help refresh the upper layers of the skin, moisturize them. A slight reddening that takes place two to three hours after the session is considered normal, although this is also the result of a thermal burn.
If the upper layers of the epidermis are damaged, but there are no blisters or other skin defects, you can forget about visiting the tanning salon for 5-7 days, so as not to provoke a more serious degree of burn.
A more serious degree of burn requires not only to temporarily stop visiting the tanning salon, but also to treat the problem. Sometimes it will take two weeks, sometimes more, but if after the procedures in the tanning salon you feel unwell and the symptoms of burns recur, you need to temporarily exclude trips to the salon until the causes of manifestations are ascertained.
Burn after tanning, what to do?
Just a few extra minutes under the action of ultraviolet rays and instead of the long-awaited layer of sunburn we have a thermal burn. Pros who use the services of tanning beds rarely suffer from UV lesions, such incidents occur mainly to newcomers who have not really studied the technique of exposure to radiation, but wanting to get a full tan as soon as possible.
If, after all, a burn does occur, experts advise to hold a series of activities that will help correct the situation at least partially.
- To reduce dehydration, and burns of any type have the peculiarity of acting on the body in this way, it is necessary to increase the amount of fluid drunk.
- To relieve a painful sensation from affected areas, pain medication is used.
- The use of fermented milk products contributes to the rapid recovery of the affected areas. Sour cream, kefir or yogurt is not applied in a thick layer, while not rubbing it into the affected areas, and thus relieve the symptom of inflammation immediately and moisturize the dried out places.
- A cool shower will help eliminate inflammation and moisten the damaged area of the epidermis.
- Fresh cucumber, shabby on a fine grater and applied as a mask will help soothe and moisturize burnt places.
- Compresses of fresh milk and a small amount of honey will help remove redness and moisturize the affected areas.
- The use of drugs specifically designed for such situations: Panthenol or Aloe Vera, which have antiseptic, analgesic, sedative and anti-inflammatory abilities will relieve symptoms in a day.
How to treat a burn in a tanning bed?
Treatment of burns, no matter how it happens, is practically the same, experts advise in cases of damage to the epidermis with ultraviolet rays to do the following:
- The affected area must be cooled. This can be done with the help of compresses, masks, douche or one of the preparations, both purchased from a pharmacy and prepared independently.
- The affected area must be moistened; special ointments, gels or products taken from traditional medicine are suitable for this.
- To reduce the dehydration process, you need to drink as much liquid as possible: tea, juices, compote, plain water will fit perfectly.
- In case of unpleasant sensations and the appearance of pain, experts advise taking one or two tablets of painkillers.
How to smear burns after tanning?
Experts in the case of burns after visiting a tanning bed to use drugs that heal well, relieve inflammation and have antibacterial properties. Examples of this are Aloe Vera, Actovegin, D Panthenol, Solcoseryl and others. A feature of these ointments and gels is the rapid regeneration of the damaged area, the activation of metabolism.
Before using drugs, you should consult with a specialist about their safety, for example, Actovegin may contribute to the development of an allergic reaction that looks like a rash. There are a number of drugs, the use of which is not recommended for a long period. This is due to the effect of addiction, or the development of individual intolerance.
Folk remedies for burns in the solarium
If the burns after sunbathing are not extensive and the decision is made to relieve the symptoms on their own, at home, there are a number of folk remedies that will help relieve symptoms.
- Sour milk, kefir, yogurt. Dairy products relieve symptoms of inflammation, moisturize and cool the affected places. Serum is well suited for making compresses.
- Herbal tinctures and tea. Compress of herbal broth or any kind of tea, quickly and painlessly cope with minor thermal burns. For the preparation of decoction suitable sage or chamomile, parsley, calendula. Tea is brewed loosely, in the usual way, and any variety will suit: green or black.
- Juice or pulp millennial (aloe). One of the most popular means that has a complex effect: relieves inflammation, has an analgesic effect, a natural antiseptic.
- Oils of natural origin. Any vegetable oil that has not undergone the refining process will fit perfectly. They are smeared on the affected areas and after a part of the product is absorbed into the skin, the residues are removed with the help of dry wipes.
- Potato or cucumber mask. Vegetables rub on a fine grater and impose on the affected places.
How to prevent burns in tanning beds
Only beginners can afford such irresponsibility as visiting a tanning salon without any preparations that will help to avoid trouble in the form of burns. Those who systematically use a tanning bed to maintain the desired tanning tone, not only constantly attend the procedures, but additionally do not forget about personal safety. What should be done before it is decided to undergo a course of procedures in the solarium.
- Before visiting it is necessary to conduct an examination, which includes a consultation with a therapist, a gynecologist (women), and, of course, a dermatologist.
- When using drugs, you must be extremely careful about your own health. Some of the drugs can cause serious side effects, so it is first necessary to consult with the specialists who prescribed the treatment before going to the tanning bed.
- It is not recommended to take a shower using soap or other detergents directly before the procedures, as the skin loses its protective functions. This also includes a visit to the bath or sauna.
- Tanning cream will help to avoid problems with drying skin, strengthen its protective functions.
- Immediately before the session in order to protect the organs of vision, you need to get special sunglasses that will help avoid retinal injuries.
Of course, tanning sessions begin with a minimum period of exposure to UV rays on parts of the body, this will help avoid the symptoms of burns. The residence time under the influence of ultraviolet is selected taking into account the individual characteristics of the body: the owners of fair skin should take a particularly responsible approach to the procedure of tanning, this type of people is most susceptible to rapid lesions of the upper layers of the epidermis.