People who lead an active lifestyle, small children, athletes and those who adhere to a measured and peaceful lifestyle, are not insured against various injuries. Protect yourself from them is impossible, but to follow simple rules that reduce the possibility of complications for everyone.
Head soft tissue contusion: symptoms
The term contusion means a type of injury resulting from a mechanical impact on the body of an object. Banal blow, violating the integrity of the soft tissue cover.
In most cases, the damage is not dangerous, if the contact with the body did not have special strength. Such “memorable signs” as bruises and bumps appear on the body and face. These injuries do not need special care and the patient is usually not hospitalized.
If the blow was strong, it could damage the bone, brain, or cause bleeding wounds. This situation is more dangerous.
If you do not pay attention to such damage in time and do not provide proper assistance, the consequences can be serious.
Slight bruise of the soft tissues of the head is accompanied by severe pain, which disappears over time. Swelling appears at the impact site. Its size depends on the degree of mechanical impact. It so happens that a slight injury will not leave memories of itself at all.
Because of the special structure of the subcutaneous tissue, when it is damaged, blood accumulates in the place of the hematoma. The swelling is compacted, a lump appears, and the sore spot is painted blue and purple. Over time, the bruise changes its color, brightens, disappears.
With a strong blow or fall, which is accompanied by damage to the head, the injury could be more dangerous. The main symptoms suggest that the patient will not get off with a simple bruise:
- Persistent and increasing pain
- Abnormalities in the dental system
- Blurred vision
- Loss of orientation
These signs suggest that the wound is not a normal hematoma, which will disappear over time without a trace. Symptoms indicate a more serious diagnosis that requires a medical examination.
Head soft tissue contusion: treatment
The method of treating a bruise depends on its severity. With a mild shock, not accompanied by dizziness, loss of consciousness and other dangerous symptoms, the first thing to do is to apply cold to the injured area.
Abrasions and bleeding wounds are treated with disinfectants. The patient is provided peace. At occurrence of dangerous symptoms, an ambulance is called.
Before the arrival of the physicians, the victim must be immobilized: in difficult cases, even a small turn of the head can be dangerous.
Further treatment will determine the doctor. In each case there are nuances: there should be no initiative.
If medical care is not required, the patient must get rid of traces of injuries received: cones, abrasions, bruises. The day after the injury, the affected area is exposed to heat: a compress from the welding and warming bandages reduce the effects of injury.
Lioton, Badyaga, Troksevazin and similar means will help restore damaged areas. Even if bruises on the face appear, the use of medical formulations will help them quickly get off. And such folk remedies as grated potatoes, cabbage leaves and lotions from saline solution will complement the action of medicines.
Head injury is a serious situation. When you hit you need to be extremely attentive to the victim. Any deviation from the normal state – a signal to the fact that you need to consult a doctor.
Bruise of soft tissues of the head: consequences
As there is a varying degree of severity of a wound received, so are the consequences of it. In mild cases, the patient quickly forgets about what happened, and a week later, the traces that decorated the injured areas disappear. A more complicated bruise of the soft tissues of the head can turn out to be quite serious results for the victim.
The severity of the consequences is due to many reasons. The condition of the patient will depend on the nature of the damage. Superficial bruising does not threaten anything serious. The rupture and damage of internal tissues, brain injuries, fractures require careful attention and qualified treatment.
Another reason for a long illness becomes untimely assistance. When a critical situation occurs, when immediate treatment is necessary, patients do not attach importance to injuries.
Ignoring the symptoms, they put their health and life at risk. The sooner qualified assistance is provided, the greater the likelihood of a successful outcome.
The age of the victim may affect the speed of recovery.
It is more difficult for an elderly person to recover from the shocks experienced. A young and healthy body is prone to rapid recovery.
Sometimes even slight soft tissue bruises can remind you of yourself for several years, and the most minor damage to the head can have serious consequences. It is better not to neglect the help of doctors and carefully follow all their instructions.
Head soft tissue contusion: first aid
The main rules for first aid to the victim:
- Attach a cold object. Exposure to cold will reduce swelling, relieve swelling and prevent its spread.
- Anything will do: metal objects, ice, frozen meat, cold water.
- Stop the blood. Bleeding wounds or abrasions need to be treated: rinse, stop blood, attach a sterile napkin to the site, lubricate the wound with hydrogen peroxide. If the blood does not stop for a long time – consult a doctor.
- Ensure patient peace. This will allow him to recover, rest and sleep. Relatives will be able to determine how badly injured they were.
- Analyze the patient’s condition. Dizziness, vomiting, loss of consciousness and other abnormalities of a neurological nature are alarming signals. When they appear, call an ambulance.
- Provide immobility to the patient. In case of severe injury, which caused serious head injuries, it is necessary to ensure that the patient does not move. It is advisable not to let him fall asleep.
- Observation The first hours after injury, the patient can not be left alone. You need to be close and make sure that there are no dangerous symptoms. Do not give the victim drink, food and medicine.
Provide first aid for injury is not difficult. The main thing – do not panic. But letting everything take its course is also unacceptable.
Learn about the principles of first aid from the proposed video.
No one is immune from injury. Most often, they do not bring anxiety to the sick. But sometimes head injuries can be dangerous, and this is a situation in which you need to be extremely careful.