class hour with a presentation
Municipal budgetary educational institution
Secondary school number 13
cool hour about the dangers of smoking
for students in grade 5.
Class teacher 5th grade
Fadeeva Maria Ivanovna.
city of Murom 2012
On the dangers of smoking
The goal is to prevent children from smoking in the 5th grade.
- to acquaint children with the facts testifying to the dangers of smoking;
- form a negative attitude towards smoking;
- to form a setting for a healthy lifestyle;
- to form in children the necessary behavioral techniques that allow them to give up harmful smoking.
Form of conduct – a discussion with the elements of the game.
Equipment: multimedia projector, computer,
blackboard, posters with proverbs on the topic, hearts from red paper,
petals of colored paper.
Preparation for the event: holding a questionnaire about smoking with students in the class, processing the results of the survey.
Sample survey questions:
1. Have you tried smoking?
2. Your attitude to a young man smoking on the street.
a) positive; b) negative; c) indifferent
3. Your attitude to a girl smoking in the street
a) positive; b) negative; c) indifferent
a) consider yourself an adult;
c) for the sake of interest; d) your answer
5. What is the reaction of parents to what you smoke:
b) convince to quit;
Plan a class hour:
2. Information about the dangers of smoking, which uses a demonstration of the multimedia presentation “Take Your Own Look from a Cigarette”, within which an express quiz is held (10 minutes).
4. Speech by a medical professional (5 minutes).
5. Role-playing game “Puppets” (10 minutes).
Do you guys think how many people on earth smoke? According to scientists, every third person on earth smokes. There are more non-smokers on earth than smokers.
- Smoking takes a life. The smoker shortens his life by 6 years.
- Smoking adds disease. All organs of the human body suffer from tobacco.
- Smokers are 10-30 times more likely to die from diseases such as heart attack, cancer, and stomach ulcers.
- Smoking is more dangerous for children than for adults. The lethal dose for an adult is contained in one pack of cigarettes, if it is smoked at once, and for a teenager it is half a pack. Sometimes children died after 2-3 cigarettes, smoked cigarettes, smoked in a row, from heart failure.
- Smokers have poor memory, poor physical health, an unstable psyche, they slowly think, hear poorly.
- Even outwardly, smokers are different from non-smokers, their skin fades faster, their voice hoarses, their teeth turn yellow.
- Smoking takes away our money, which could be spent on something useful. Scientists estimate that each smoker spends an average of 2,000 rubles per year on cigarettes.
- Smoking affects non-smokers. Half of the harmful substances that are in the cigarette, the smoker exhales, poisoning the air. People who become passive smokers are forced to breathe this air.
- Smoking interferes with work, business. Many companies refuse to hire smokers.
- Smoking causes fires that kill people, destroy wealth.
- Smoking is unfashionable. Smooth, well-groomed skin, dazzling white teeth, a sports figure and strong muscles are in fashion now.
In Russia, laws against smoking. In our country you can not smoke in the Palaces of Sports, swimming pools, gyms, educational and medical institutions, sanatoriums, transport.
Group 1 – Reasons for smoking.
Group 2 – Reasons to never smoke.
Group 3 – Positive effects of smoking.
Group 4 – The negative effects of smoking.
The group attaches as many petals as it is signed, and the groups with (-) have petals black, and the (+) color is pink. Each group is given the floor.
4. The word is given to the invited health worker who sums up the assignment – pink flowers have more petals, which means they have more attractiveness, the right to our attention, and black ones are homely, who has the desire to take such a flower in hand? (negative responses of children).
Smoking is a harmful and dangerous habit, nicotine addiction, who at least once took a black flower in his hand, runs the risk of becoming addicted.
The true cause of smoking is drug addiction. According to scientists, half of smokers want to quit, but can not. They become addicted to nicotine.
5. Role-playing game Puppets
Objective: To determine what a person feels when he is governed, when he is not free, when he becomes addicted.
Three participants are selected. The Troika is given a task: two participants must play the role of a puppeteer – to fully control the actions and movements of the puppet puppets (third participant). The goal of the puppeteers is to transfer the doll from one chair to another, the chairs are at a distance of 1.5 meters from each other. At the same time, a person who plays the role of a doll should not resist to what the puppeteers do to him. Puppeteers can also play the role of a doll. After the game is over, a 1-2 minute discussion takes place:
- What did you feel when you were in the role of a doll?
- Did you like it? Was it comfortable for you?
- Did you want to do something yourself?
What to do if you are not yet confident and can not withstand the pressure of comrades?
Psychologists give these tips:
– Just say no without explanation.
– Refuse and explain the reasons for refusal
– Refuse and leave.
– Do not pay attention to the proposals to smoke.
– Try to unite with those who do not smoke too.
– Try to avoid smoking companies.
A selection of posters on the board.
Posters: “Smoking is fun for fools!”, “There is no harmless tobacco”, “Smoking is harmful to health!”, “Extinguish a cigarette!”.
Each member of the classroom is invited to vote for one of the slogans on the posters, attach a heart-voice next and comment on your choice.
Captions for slides:
We think about the future today! no smoking!
Quiz 1. The birthplace of tobacco. – South Africa; – South America; – South Pole. 2. When Columbus landed on the coast of Cuba in 1492, he met residents with smut in their hands and with grass used for smoking, which they called. – cigar; – papyrus; – samokruto. 3. Who discovered nicotine in tobacco? – Jean-Jacques Rousseau; – Jean Paul Belmondo; – Jean Nico. 4. In which country was tobacco declared “the devil’s fun” in the 16th century? – Spain; – Italy; – Brazil.
5. Large doses of nicotine act like poison. – arsenic; – curare; -synilic acid. 6. The most popular way to use tobacco in the United States until the 19th century. – smoking; – sniffing; -chewing. 7. In 1934, in the French town of Nice, a company of youth organized a competition: who smoked more cigarettes. Two winners could not get a prize, as they died, having smoked. – 40 cigarettes; – 60 cigarettes; – 80 cigarettes. 8. Who is called reluctant smokers? – those who are in the society of smokers; – those who are forced to smoke; – those who smoke in prison.
History of Tobacco Tobacco (NICOTIANA) Tobacco comes from America. The plant was named after the province of Tabago (island of Haiti) Family Solanaceae
Europeans became aware of tobacco smoking after the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. When travelers landed on one of the islands, they were met by natives holding thin scrolls of dried leaves (cigars) in their mouth and blowing smoke from their mouth and nose. The expedition members were surprised to see how the islanders inhaled the smelly, devilish smoke produced by the burning of the leaves. In addition, the natives sucked in smoke through long pipes made of bark. One end of the tube was in a vessel with steaming leaves, and the other, forked at the end, was inserted into the nose. These pipes were called “tobacco”. Also, these leaves were chewed and ingested. In the XVI century, tobacco became popular in France, where he was credited with healing action. The French ambassador to Portugal, Jean Nico, in 1560 brought tobacco leaves from Lisbon for Catherine de Medici. The French queen sniffed him, believing that he helps with headaches. On behalf of this diplomat, “nicotine” acquired his name.
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
Due to excessive tobacco smoking, there were cases of poisoning, which prompted the authorities to pursue smoking. For example, in England in 1585, for the smoking of tobacco, severe corporal punishment was imposed, smokers were led through the streets with a noose around their necks, and the “malicious” were even sentenced to death. Their severed heads with a pipe in their mouth were exposed in the square. In Turkey, this bad habit took such a formidable distribution that smokers were impaled. On the appearance of tobacco in Russia, the opinion of historians differ. Some believe that tobacco smoking in Russia was before the discovery of America, others believe that English merchants brought tobacco in the days of Ivan the Terrible. They called him damn potion. Mikhail Romanov banned smoking due to frequent fires. Those smokers who came across for the first time were given 60 blows with sticks in their footsteps, and the second time their ears and nose were cut off (1634g.). Peter I abolished persecution, as he himself was addicted to tobacco in Holland. Long ago, people understood that tobacco is a strong poison. It began to be successfully used to destroy bedbugs, fleas. Its solution was sprayed with trees to kill pests.
The composition of the cigarette in simple language:
Components of tobacco smoke are absorbed into the blood and after 2-3 minutes reach the brain cells. For a short time these substances increase the activity of brain cells; this condition is perceived by the smoker as a refreshing influx of forces or a peculiar feeling of calm. However, this state soon passes, and in order to feel it again, the person reaches for a new cigarette. Nicotine is gradually incorporated into the metabolic process, and man is constantly lacking it. Addiction to tobacco is formed from several weeks to 10 years, depending on the characteristics of the organism and the intensity of smoking. Most often, tobacco addiction is established in a year. In a person who is accustomed to smoking, in the case of abrupt cessation of smoking, withdrawal syndrome (cracking) is observed, which is expressed in headache, fluctuating blood pressure, pain in the heart, stomach, intestinal disorders, excessive sweating, weakness, lethargy, nervousness, depression. The effects of tobacco on the body
Love and nicotine At the table in the cafe sits an attractive girl, revises the menu, looks at the clock and nervously pulls on a long thin cigarette. Five minutes later, the beauty with a cigarette meets a neat, fragrant young man, who apparently was late for the meeting. And obscene words explains that he does not like anyone to expect. Apparently, it is not true that smoking helps to calm down.
Often the cause of discontent among young men and men is the very smoking of their girlfriends. – In a girl, a person is looking primarily for tenderness and femininity. – Even from the time when humanity lived in caves, rudeness, the smell of smoke were masculine omens. Neither the popular insults of aggressive Amazons, nor the business style of a business woman will replace women’s attractiveness, which in all ages will be a source of inspiration for men in love no smoking!
“Tobacco harms the body, destroys the mind, dulls entire nations” (O. de Balzac); Smokers significantly undermine their health and shorten their lives. Each cigarette shortens life by 8-15 minutes. Smokers have 2-3 times more frequent cardiovascular diseases, 15-30 times more often – lung cancer, 13 times more often – angina, 12 – a myocardial infarction, 10 – a stomach ulcer. Smokers often suffer from acute respiratory infections, bronchitis, asthma, they have impaired vision and hearing. Often develops cancer of the lip, larynx, vocal cords, esophagus.
Compare and draw conclusions. Light non-smoking Light smoking Light after 5 years of smoking Light after 25 years of smoking no smoking!
Oral cancer in a 28-year-old smoker with 10 years of experience no smoking!
More than 40% of the world’s population smokes; 2500000 people die from smoking each year, that is, every 13 seconds; active smoking reduces life by 8-10 years, each cigarette – by 8-15 minutes; For the year, smokers emit 1642,720 tons of toxic substances into the atmosphere.
In the 20th century, 100,000,000 people died from tobacco. In the 21st century, nicotine addiction will come out on top and put a billion earthlings into the grave.
When analyzing the smoke from the combustion of cigarettes (side smoke) it is found that in it, compared to the main smoke absorbed by the smoker: 5 times more carbon monoxide, 3 times more tar and nicotine 3 times more benzpyrene 10 times more ammonia For example, nicotine when smoking: 20% remains in the body of a smoker, 25% is destroyed during combustion, 5% remains in the butt, 50% – goes into the air. 1 hour in a smoky room is 1 cigarette. If a child lives in an apartment where one of the family members smokes 1-2 packs of cigarettes, then the amount of nicotine in the urine corresponding to 2-3 cigarettes is found in the child.
Our young generation is not so stupid, as its picky ancestors scold it. Since 1998, the percentage of smoking adolescents aged 12–14 years has decreased from 10% to 4%, and at the age of 15–17 years, from 21% to 11%. In general, adolescents began to smoke less by 5%, but the decline was mainly not due to those who quit smoking, but due to those who did not join.
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