Low blood pressure – hypotension
To begin with, we will define blood pressure. The blood, moving through the vessels, puts pressure on the walls of blood-bearing vessels, this is called blood pressure. Three factors affect blood pressure: vascular resistance, heart rate, and amount of blood. If you have low blood pressure (hypotension), but the body as a whole is functioning normally, then this is not a reason for panic.
However, in scientific circles there is an opinion that hypotension can be dangerous to human health. The most prominent signs of low blood pressure are headaches and chest pains, rapid heartbeat and dizziness, shortness of breath and nausea, pallor.
What level of blood pressure is considered normal
Blood pressure has a direct effect on respiratory rate, body temperature, and heartbeat. Thus, it is necessary to measure the pressure level and monitor its dynamics. Any strong jump or recession may indicate a malfunction of the internal
Types of low blood pressure
Orthostatic hypotension. Its sign is a strong decrease in pressure during a sharp rise after a prolonged static posture in a lying or sitting position. The drop in pressure is explained by the fact that when a person rises quickly, blood rushes sharply to the legs, which is why heartbeat is greatly increased. However, this does not occur if a person has an orthostatic low pressure. In such patients, after a sudden jerk, pressure suddenly drops, and a person may lose consciousness, experience dizziness, and coordination may be disturbed.
The causes of orthostatic hypotension may be as follows:
– the cause may be heat;
– it can also be a manifestation of neurological diseases.
At risk are people over 65, but young people are not insured from it.
Multisystem atrophy with orthostatic hypotension. This kind of low pressure is caused by malfunctioning of the nervous system. In another, this disease is called Shaya-Drejder’s syndrome or myeloencephalopathy. It is activated in case of acute vascular insufficiency of the autonomic nervous system. At present, a cure for this disease has not yet been invented; after installing such a diagnosis, the patient can live no more than 10 years.
Postprandial hypotension. It is expressed in a sharp decrease in pressure after eating. A rush of blood to the extremities must be balanced by increased heart rate and narrowing of the blood vessels (countering the force of gravity). If this mechanism is impaired, then doctors often diagnose postoperative hypotension. People at risk are Parkinson’s.
Dystonia or vascular hypotension. With this form of the disease, the patient may experience a sharp drop in pressure after long standing in one place, especially if it occurs in hot weather. This malaise is a consequence of a violation of the blood communication between the heart and the brain. Due to long standing, the blood rushes to the lower extremities, and our body is balanced by a change in blood pressure. However, in people with this disease, the neurons of the left ventricle of the heart inform the brain that, on the contrary, the pressure rises rather than decreases. As a result, the heartbeat drops, and the pressure drops even more. This disease often affects people in their teens.
We conclude: if low pressure is accompanied by an accelerated pulse, then your health may be in serious danger. This is due to the fact that the blood supply to organs and body parts is disrupted due to the obstruction of the movement of blood through the vessels. If your pulse is more than 83 beats per second, you need to make an appointment with a doctor. However, keep in mind that during and after exercise the heartbeat increases significantly, and there is nothing dangerous to health.
What is dangerous low blood pressure?
low blood pressureHypotonia (low blood pressure), many doctors consider the norm, especially in light of its opposite – hypertension (high blood pressure). Hypertension is many times more harmful to the heart and the entire blood system of a person. Hypotension also reduces the risk of kidney disease and stroke. Pay attention to the fact that low pressure can threaten our health. The result of this disease can be a drop in the level of blood flow to the most important organs – the brain and the heart. In such a situation, the patient may lose consciousness or experience severe dizziness. The main factor that can affect the onset of hypotension is the person’s age. There are frequent cases of postprandial hypotension in the elderly. Vegetative-vascular dystonia is peculiar to children and adolescents. Also, the development of any type of hypotension is influenced by the diseases that people already have, such as Parkinson’s disease or diseases of the cardiovascular system.
General recommendations for normalizing blood pressure
– Consumption of caffeinated foods should be reduced or limited altogether. Caffeine contributes to increased heart rate.
– It is necessary to increase the volume of fluid consumed per day. The fluid dilutes the blood, contributing to its better circulation.
– It is advisable to start playing sports. Sport improves blood flow.
– Try not to get out of bed abruptly. When lifting, first climb on elbows, then sit down, and only then lower your legs from the bed.
– Limit hot bathing. Not desirable and long spa treatments.