When you already know in general terms what a cold is and what its causes are, we will describe its symptoms in more detail.
Main signs and symptoms of a cold
Symptoms of the common cold are similar to flu symptoms and symptoms of ARVI, but their main difference is the absence of too high temperature and heat, and the whole symptomatic picture is not as acute as diseases of viral origin (flu, ARVI). Let’s look at the symptoms of colds in more detail:
- 1. ChillsIn view of the fact that a cold is associated primarily with hypothermia, the first sign of a cold will be chills. The patient can not get warm, trembles, it freezes, and it may also feel as if the body is very hot inside.
2. runny noseThe next symptom of the manifestation of a cold, which is a consequence of freezing, and a consequence of the attack of pathogenic microbes – is a cold. Runny nose – a consequence of the inflammatory process in the body, while making may be a tingling sensation.
3. Sore throatWith a cold, the patient may first have discomfort in the throat, then tickling (in the throat as if it is tearing) and then severe pain, which will be accompanied by pain when swallowing. Also in the entire nasopharynx there may be a slight burning sensation, especially when exhaling. By the way, we advise you to read the article on how to get rid of a sore throat.
4. Increased temperatureWith a cold, the patient sometimes has a fever, usually up to 37-37.5 ° C. Up to 38 ° C, as with a viral disease, the temperature during a cold does not rise and by and large it is one of its distinguishing factors from diseases of this type. It is very important to note that cold symptoms without fever can also be observed, that is, a fever with a cold may be absent.
5. WeaknessAnother sign of a cold is general malaise, weakness, reduced performance, and there are other signs of a similar nature.
6. CoughAnother possible symptom is cough.
That’s actually all the signs of how the cold manifests itself. Cold symptoms in children are similar to cold symptoms in adults.
Based on these symptoms, you may suspect that you have a cold. At the same time, you should understand that a number of factors that we described in the main article can precede a cold. If you are sick during the epidemic of a viral disease, then there is a high probability that you are ill with an “epidemiological disease” rather than a cold. In any case, if the patient does not have improved health on the 4th day and full recovery on the 7th day, then it is necessary to consult a doctor.
In general, very often, many of us treat a cold at home without calling a doctor. This is due to the fact that cold symptoms are not so complicated and they are not in an acute form, so you can quickly cope with them at home, with the right approach to treatment, and the cold itself goes away quickly. However, young children and pregnant girls, even at the first manifestation of cold symptoms, need to call a doctor. In other cases, you can treat yourself, but again emphasize, you need to know how to heal, and do it correctly. Further we recommend to familiarize with article devoted to treatment of cold at home.
Take care of your health and promptly apply treatment when symptoms of the disease are detected.