Intestinal dysbacteriosis is a term that refers to the quantitative or qualitative change in the microflora in the colon.
Currently, instead of intestinal dysbiosis, such a concept as excess bacterial growth syndrome (SIBO) is used. By this term is meant the overproduction of microorganisms in the small intestine.
Most often, intestinal dysbiosis develops against the background of other diseases and conditions, such as:
· Long-term use of antibacterial drugs;
· Use of hormonal agents after treatment of tumors;
· Frequent stresses that cause functional disorders of the digestive system.
Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis
The clinical picture of intestinal dysbiosis is diverse. The following symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis are possible:
- flatulence, abdominal discomfort, rumbling;
- inclination to stool disorders;
- steatorrhea – the release of large amounts of fat with feces;
- lientereya – the presence of food residues in the feces;
- nausea, vomiting (rare).
Among the common symptoms may develop signs of hypovitaminosis, weight loss, as well as neurotic disorders.
In some cases, the patients have a clinical picture of other diseases: biliary dyskinesia, athybiotic-associated diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome and others.
At the first stage, the patient’s complaints are analyzed and the history of the disease is collected.
Laboratory research methods:
· general urine analysis;
· general blood analysis;
· Bacteriological analysis of feces;
· Test with glucose;
· Test with xylose;
· Breath test to determine the content of bile acids;
Instrumental research methods:
· Ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity;
· X-ray of the intestine using contrast agents.
Types of disease
There are three degrees of intestinal dysbiosis:
· First degree – increases aerobic normal intestinal microflora;
· Second degree – aerobic microflora of the intestine increases, anaerobic microorganisms begin to appear;
· Third degree – dominated by anaerobic microflora.
If dysbacteriosis symptoms occur, it is necessary to consult a general practitioner or a gastroenterologist.
Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis
- diet food (table number 4);
- the use of antibacterial (for the treatment of infectious diseases) and antifungal drugs;
- the use of enterosbrbent for removal of toxic substances (enterol and others);
- the use of multivitamin preparations;
- the appointment of enzyme preparations to improve digestion;
- the use of antispasmodic to relieve pain;
- the appointment of drugs to restore the intestinal microflora (prebiotics, symbiotics, eubiotics and complex drugs).
If the cause of dysbacteriosis is not eliminated, then a relapse of the disease may occur. With a long course of the disease, various complications may develop, including:
· Weight loss;
Prevention of intestinal dysbiosis
The prevention of intestinal dysbiosis includes:
· Exclusion of uncontrolled intake of antibacterial drugs. Antibiotics should be prescribed only by a doctor;
· Balanced and rational nutrition;
· Timely and adequate treatment of gastrointestinal diseases.