Cyst – A common pathology that can affect any human organ, the brain is not considered an exception. A brain cyst is a benign tumor that has the outline of a bladder filled with fluid. Located on any parts of the body.
This pathology is of two types, each of which has its own characteristics and methods of treatment:
- Arachnoid cyst.
- Retrocerebellar cyst.
Retrocerebellar cyst – accumulated fluid in areas of dead gray matter of the brain. In order to prevent further death of brain cells, it is necessary to urgently determine the factor provoking this process and only then proceed to effective treatment.
Retrocerebellar cyst of the brain in children and adults – what is it?
This brain pathology can occur in patients of different age groups. Timely diagnosis and treatment will help the patient to avoid certain complications. In such a situation, it is not recommended to engage in self-treatment, as this is an ineffective way and it can harm health and provoke complications.
Retrocerebellar cyst of the brain – a bubble of a certain size, which is filled with liquid. Appears on any part of the brain, where, after a certain situation, the dying off of gray matter is observed – an important component of this organ.
Also, this pathology has another name – intracerebral cyst, since its formation occurs directly in the organ itself. Its danger is that it occurs in the affected areas, which is not a normal phenomenon.
Therefore, when diagnosing pathology, the cause of the gray matter death will be clarified in parallel, so that not only to prevent further dying off, but also prevent other complications.
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Types of retrocerebellar cyst
In modern medicine, several types of retrocerebellar cyst are distinguished. Depending on the particular type of pathology, the effectiveness of treatment will also depend. Each of the cysts has its own characteristics that must be taken into account when making a diagnosis.
We also suggest that you read an article on a similar topic about Ratke’s pocket cyst.
Retrocerebellar arachnoid cyst
Retrocerebellar arachnoid cyst the brain is considered a common type of pathology. This education is located between the membranes of the brain and is filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
It arises due to such provoking reasons:
- Head and brain injury.
- Inflammation of the organ.
- Increased pressure inside the formation.
Retrocerebellar cerebrospinal fluid cyst of the brain
Retrocerebellar lymph cyst brain is not a common pathology. It is a formation that contains a certain amount of fluid.
It arises due to such provoking factors:
- Head and brain injury.
- The outpouring of blood in the body.
- The inflammatory process in this area.
- Operational intervention in the body.
This species is also divided into such subspecies as:
- congenital cyst, which occurs in the child in the womb;
- acquired cyst, which occurs in a patient as a result of head injury or an inflammatory process.
What sizes are dangerous?
Retrocerebellar cyst arises in the affected areas of the brain and directly in the thickness of the organ. To correctly determine the size of the pathology, the patient undergoes a series of examinations. It occurs as a result of various provoking factors, it is also worth considering that new foci of infection and even a microstroke can provoke an increase in education.
This brain pathology results from many provoking factors, the most common of which is gray matter cell death.
Causes of pathology:
- Unsatisfactory blood circulation of the brain.
- Surgical intervention in this body.
- Sharp poor circulation in the brain, which is accompanied by a sudden loss of consciousness and paralysis.
- Inflammatory processes at this site and infectious diseases.
- Injury head and brain, which are able to provoke the death of brain cells.
Symptoms of pathology depends on its size. The location of the cyst is also important, as well as its causes. Read more about the symptoms of cysts in the head in an adult.
If this benign neoplasm, gradually, without ceasing, is growing, this increases the pressure of the internal fluid, there is a risk of a fairly pronounced symptoms of the pathology.
If neoplasm not growing, then the patient, due to the absence of signs of pathology, may not even be aware of its presence.
Provoking the development of cysts can:
- neuroinfection, that do not stop the infection process in the brain;
- disturbed chronic blood flow;
- autoimmune processes;
- scattered sclerosis.
With the intensive growth of the pathology, the patient may notice several symptoms from the listed list:
- Intense headache of a chronic nature.
- Pulsation inside the skull, which delivers some discomfort.
- Impairment auditory function, the occurrence of tinnitus.
- Feeling, as if the head is going to rip apart.
- Elevated pressure inside the skull.
- Elevated arterial pressure.
- Violation visual function.
- Paralysis lower and upper limbs, in whole or in part.
- Sudden loss of consciousness.
- Numbness a particular part of the body, or arms and legs, which may be temporary or permanent.
Special treatment is not carried out in the event that:
- brain cyst does not have symptomatic symptoms;
- there is no increase in education;
- The size of pathologists is insignificant.
In such a situation, the patient is recommended to be under constant supervision neuropathologist and undergo preventive examinations at least once every six months – a year.
If the patient has any first signs pathology, benign growth gradually or intensively increase in size, there is increased fluid pressure inside the cyst, then surgery is required.
Before performing an intervention:
- Assigned to patient thorough examination.
- Also parallel the elimination of the cause that provoked the emergence and development of the cyst is being carried out.
- Then specialists the risk of intervention is evaluated and the best treatment option is selected.
The method of surgery depends on localization benign education and its size.
In modern medicine, these types of operations are distinguished:
- Endoscopic puncture. It is considered a modern intervention method that is the least traumatic. During the operation, an endoscope is used that pierces the skull. After the removal of the formation and suction of the internal fluid. Used only in some cases, it all depends on the location of the cyst.
- Shunting. Assigned to a patient who has hydrocephalus and a constant flow of fluid.
- Neurosurgical operation, which is accompanied by trepanation of the skull.
What can not be done?
In this situation Not recommended engage in self-treatment, as this can lead to irreversible consequences and even death. It is recommended that at the first manifestations of pathology, immediately contact a specialist for qualified assistance.
As for the consequences after timely diagnosis and treatment, they are absent.
If during the surgery or after it there were any complications, then the patient may experience the following symptoms of brain damage:
- Cerebral syndrome – It is considered a frequent symptom of postoperative intervention. It is expressed in the following: increased pressure inside the skull, intense headache of a chronic nature, travel intolerance, lack of a normal amount of oxygen, and so on. May be treated to eliminate it.
- Cramps. Sometimes patients even have a symptomatic epilepsy.
- Astheno-neurotic syndrome. Occurs infrequently, may be accompanied by such disorders as general weakness, malaise, disruption of the immune system.
- Hypermobility syndrome or lag in development in children, and in adults – a violation of behavior.
- Focal syndrome. This syndrome arises as a result of damage to a specific area of the brain, which is responsible for certain important functions.
As a result, the patient may experience problems such as:
- violation speech function;
- violation visual function;
- violation auditory function;
- violation nerve functions;
- frustration musculoskeletal system.
This is not all the consequences that this cyst can provoke. All complications are serious and can be dangerous to the patient’s life.
After surgery, in order to avoid unpleasant consequences, it is necessary to:
- stick to recommendations of the expert;
- take vitamin complexes;
- right eat;
- do not ignore taking drugs that help strengthen the immune system, improve blood flow and strengthen the vascular walls.
Also, the patient is recommended:
- correct your lifestyle;
- pay attention physical exertion. but insignificant;
- refuse from bad habits.
Retrocerebellar cyst brain pathology, although dangerous in certain situations, is completely treatable, especially with timely treatment.
If a patient has certain disorders that could provoke this formation, it is necessary to undergo preventive examination. At the first signs of a cyst, it is worth checking.