Patients call a variety of defects on the skin. It can be small vesicles and papillary outgrowths (papillomas, nevi), rough plaques and seals (keratosis, cutaneous horn). Knowing what diseases patients called growths on the skin, and how often they are treated, I decided to write this article. So that the reader has an idea of what particular disease can be involved and what danger threatens the patient. After all, some of the growths are safe, although they do not look aesthetically pleasing, while others need to be disposed of as quickly as possible.
According to my observations, under the name growths on the skin often lurk:
The most frequent growths on the skin are seborrheic keratosis.
Seborrheic keratosis – these growths on the skin occurs most often. The disease develops in people over 35 years old. Most often, at 45 – 50 years, as a result of impaired differentiation of the basal cells of the epidermis. Frequent causes are solar radiation, heredity. The development of the disease is slow, with age, the size and number of growths increases. The appearance of the formations is extremely diverse. There are many varieties of seborrheic keratosis. Seborrheic keratosis is considered a benign tumor. But there is a low probability of transition of formations to squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. So that large education is better to remove. The most suitable method is cryodestruction, they can remove very large growths on the skin without surgery and with minimal scar formation. Differential diagnostics is carried out with pigmented nevi, dermatofibroma, melanoma.
The galls on the skin of the type of seborrheic keratosis are characterized by the manifestations of:
- Increased pigmentation spot, from light brown to black, which has clear boundaries, with a diameter of 3 mm to 5 – 6 cm.
- Appearance resembles a plaque or papule with a slightly flaky, bumpy or smooth surface.
- Skin lesions occur more frequently on the back, chest, less often on the face and neck. The disease does not affect the soles of the palm.
- Skin lesions are more often multiple than solitary.
- Plaques of different shapes that rise above the skin, the diameter of
Actinic keratosis – yellow growths.
Sunny or actinic keratosis is a precancerous disease. It occurs as a result of skin aging, prolonged exposure to sunlight. Characterized by a change in the skin under the growths with a gradual transformation into malignant. The disease occurs in people over 50 years old. Manifested on the body in any area, often on exposed to solar radiation. In contrast to seborrheic keratosis, the growths on the skin are flatter, at the base are reddish, and the horny layers are yellowish. Sometimes, the formations disappear on their own. Dermatologists subdivide the form of actinic keratosis: atrophic, hypertrophic, bouenoid. Specialists carry out the differential diagnosis of pathology with basalioma, seborrheic wart, disseminated lupus erythematosus.
- Scaly, rough, dry spot, slightly protruding above the skin, inflamed.
- The gradual growth of the stratum corneum in the form of a drop-shaped tubercle or a flat plaque with a yellow tinge.
- Over time, change the color of education. The skin at the base is redder, the horny masses are more yellow.
- Possible elimination of growths, in the future, at the same place the formation of a new lesion.
- The size of the formation in diameter from a few millimeters to 2.5 – 3 cm.
- Around the growth of the skin is spotted, wrinkled.
Skin wrinkles like wart.
People often consider only the most common warts – on the fingers. In addition to these common warts, there are other varieties. About the periungual, plantar and filamentous warts few people know. They can be called growths. Called all the growths listed human papillomavirus.
Skin galls around the nail.
- A distinctive symptom of periungual warts is:
- The characteristic location of the growths – directly near the nail or under it.
- Rough, rough surface.
- Flat or plaque-shaped growths.
- There are no clear boundaries.
- Gray or solid color.
- Superficial location or deep penetration under the nail.
- Cause depletion, deformation, destruction of the nail plate.
- Do not cause pain and itching.
Plantar growths on the skin.
- The disease manifests itself outside the points of support and friction from the shoes.
- Pain and discomfort with pressure on the sides of the build-up, when walking.
- Wart brown or flesh-colored, the presence of points in the center.
- Lack of skin pattern on the wart.
- Itching in the wart area.
- Spread on the skin that is around the growth.
- Combination of warts and the formation of mosaic klesters.
Infection occurs when:
- Direct contact from person to person
- Walking barefoot in pools and showers;
- Abrasions and cuts on the soles.
The growths on the skin of the body can be threadlike warts.
- Appearance in no way resembles papillomas or thin nipples /
- Threadlike are called because they have growths in the form of spikes on the surface. The base is a dense, flesh-colored, flaky plaque. These outgrowths protrude from the base.
- Thorny outgrowths are not always found. Sometimes, they are washed off, steamed out, and only rough seals on the skin remain.
Papillomas – frequent growths on the skin.
Papillomas are papillary growths on the skin. Have color from light to brown. The disease is caused by a group of human papillomaviruses that are transmitted by household and contact from patient to healthy. When infected, changes occur in the cells, which leads to their proliferation. Locations of growths: face skin, mucous membrane of the mouth and nose, vocal cords, limbs. Types of papillomas are completely dependent on the type of virus that provoked them. There are darkish pigmented growths. Sizes from millimeter to 1 cm. Different types of papillomavirus occur differently.
Condylomas – growths on the skin in the groin and anus.
The reason is the same – papilloma virus. Characteristic smooth or rough growths, ranging in size from one millimeter to 3 cm. They are solitary or merge. Localized in the genital area and anus. In men – near the head and crown of the penis, bridle. In women are located – on the genital lips, the clitoris, less often on the cervix, inside the vagina. Skin galls in the genital areas during sexual intercourse cause discomfort, complicate the birth process. Multiple growths of warts – a sign of a weakened immune system. Infection with growths occurs during sexual intercourse with a carrier of the virus, very rarely by household means.
Soft fibroma – large growths on the skin.
Soft skin fibroma – growths on the skin of a fairly large size. May protrude a few millimeters or centimeters above the surface of the skin. Solitary neoplasm, which has clear boundaries. The base is usually somewhat constricted, expands upwards, soft to the touch at the ends. Often appears in middle-aged people. Skin galls are painless. When injured, an inflammatory process may develop. The causes of growths have not been studied, but the hereditary factor, hormonal changes, senile changes of the skin have a characteristic role.
Intradermal nevi are frequent growths on the skin of the face.
Intradermal nevi are dense nodules, with or without hairs. Usually, light flesh-colored or light brown. Very often growths of this type are found on the face and spoil the beauty. In general, pigmented nevus is a group of congenital neoplasms on the skin of a benign nature. Characterized by the accumulation of cells (nevocytes) in a certain limited area. Often, pigmented nevi appear in embryos, and their appearance with age is observed. The typical development of growths during life is a gradual transition from flat to more prominent forms, and a gradual loss of color. Pigment cells may lie deep enough, the greater the external growth – the farther to these pigment cells. A dangerous complication of a nevus of any kind is the transition of the disease into a malignant form, in which the growth gradually turns into melanoma of the skin. However, for this education it is rare. In the diagnosis of this education should be distinguished from melanoma, senile warts, dermatofibromas.
Such growths on the skin appear for the following reasons:
- Disorders of hormone levels, hormonal changes.
- Genetic disorders.
- Infections of the urinary and reproductive system.
- The action of toxic substances.
The cutaneous horn is a horny growth on the skin.
An episode on the skin of this species appears in people over 45 years of age on the background of hormonal changes in the body and its general aging. The skin disease manifests itself in a certain painless, coarsened area, which gradually increases, acquiring the conical shape of a horn. Overgrowth is single or multiple, yellow or brown hue, can grow to huge sizes. The surface of the formation is uneven, covered with jagged scales, with a rounded inflammatory area in the center. Localized more often in the face. Horny growths on the skin in most cases, over time, goes into squamous cell skin cancer. It is necessary to be treated before the transition to skin cancer, it will be easier and calmer.
Horny squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant growth on the skin.
Squamous keratinous in second place in frequency among malignant tumors on the skin. It starts in the epidermis and goes into a metastatic tumor. It often begins with keratoacanthoma, actinic keratosis or cutaneous horn. Rarely develops warts, scars, chronic ulcers. These malignant growths on the skin often have abundant horny masses that can be combined with bloody crusts. At the base of the formation of a red plaque, bleeding small tubercles. There is skin cancer in people of different age groups, more often in white-skinned and elderly. It is characterized by relatively slow for cancer and penetration into the lymphatic system. Experts distinguish between types of squamous cell carcinoma: nodular, patchy and ulcerative forms.
Malignant growths on the skin develop due to the following reasons:
- Chemical or thermal burns.
- Skin contact with harmful chemicals.
- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
- Premalignant skin diseases (cutaneous horn, actinic keratosis and others).
To which doctor to treat the growths on the skin.
Early detection and treatment of various types of growths on the skin largely ensures the success of a complete cure. To conduct an optimal diagnosis, choose the correct method of treatment, to prevent re-formation of growths on the skin can only be a doctor. It is best to contact a dermatologist, oncologist or surgeon.