For many years, unsuccessfully struggling with gastritis and ulcers?
“You will be amazed how easy it is to cure gastritis and ulcers just by taking it every day.
Polyps in the intestine are glandular formations of initially benign nature. At present, this pathology is extremely common, since people practically do not pay attention to their health, eat poorly, have bad habits, etc. If polyps grow in people with poor heredity, then there is a high probability of malignancy.
What are polyps localized in the intestine
Polyps – benign neoplasms. They are composed of glandular epithelial cells. Their fixation to the intestinal walls is carried out by means of an inwardly wide base or leg.
Most often they are localized in the following parts of the organ:
- In the rectum. In this part of the body, education is detected in the majority of the examined patients. It should be noted that in 80% of cases they act as precursors of cancer.
- In the small intestine. There are extremely rare, but the female audience is more prone to polyposis.
- In different parts of the colon. According to medical statistics, polyps in this part of the body are formed in adolescence on the background of inflammation.
- In the duodenum. More often diagnosed in people with gastritis, the age category of which ranges from 35 to 60 years.
What makes people get polyps in the intestines
To date, the exact causes of the formation of polyps in different parts of the intestine by the luminaries of science have not been established.
Many experts are unanimous in their opinion that the following factors can provoke the occurrence of glandular formations:
- passive lifestyle;
- poor heredity;
- predisposition to constipation;
- unhealthy diet;
- bad ecology;
- the presence of harmful addictions;
- intestinal dysbiosis or diverticulosis;
- the presence of malignant tumors in the intestine;
- inflammation in this organ;
- any mechanical effect.
Modern medicine is the following classification of polyposis formations, localized in the intestine:
Specialists who identify such formations in patients send them to the examination, allowing to detect cancer processes.
They grow very quickly and are capable of covering large areas of the body.
They are small and most often localized in the rectum.
Such growths appear due to anomalies in the glandular epithelium. They can also form healthy intestinal tissue.
Appear in kids and teenagers. Have a tendency to self-resorption. Only in isolated cases can malignant
Polypous formations can create whole colonies and localize along the entire intestine. Very often, in the process of examination, experts identify compact groups of growths. But also such formations can be solitary.
If a person has polyps in the intestines, then the symptoms may not appear. The lack of a characteristic clinical picture complicates the process of timely diagnosis of the disease. As a result, people lose time and are forced to undergo surgical treatment.
Despite the absence of clinical symptoms, intestinal polyps can be suspected in the following conditions:
- soreness in the peritoneum;
- a person feels discomfort during defecation, it seems to him that something prevents the excretion of feces;
- in the feces revealed blood impurities, both in the structure and on the surface;
- mucous masses are secreted from the anus;
- solid feces in the process of movement alternates with liquid stool;
- there are systematic urge to empty the bowel;
- in the anus, there is itching and burning.
If a person has indirect signs of polyps in the intestines, he needs to go to a hospital to get advice.
In order to identify glandular formations, specialists must conduct various diagnostic measures:
- Perform sigmoidoscopy. This technique allows us to assess the state of the intestinal walls: straight and sigmoid. During this procedure, biological material is collected, which is transferred for histological examination.
- Perform colonoscopy. Thanks to this diagnostic technique, specialists manage to inspect all intestinal areas. The advantage of colonoscopy is the ability to remove glandular formations.
- Perform irrigoscopy. This radiographic procedure is carried out by means of a contrast agent.
- Perform palpation of the rectum..
- CT scan or MRI may be performed..
If you suspect that a patient has intestinal polyps, experts prescribe an analysis of feces for the presence of hidden blood in them. But, even if the result of laboratory examination of feces shows that there are no blood impurities in biological material, this does not mean that a person has no glandular formations in the intestine. Signs of anemia may indicate the possible presence of a neoplasm. To do this, the patient will have to pass a general blood test, which will show the level of hemoglobin.
Drug treatment of polyps in the intestine is not carried out, as it is absolutely meaningless. But, before the surgical intervention of this category of patients will have to undergo special training, involving the involvement of certain types of drugs. For example, if this pathology is accompanied by gastritis, the patient is prescribed medication to reduce unpleasant symptoms.
Some people refuse surgical treatment, as they hope that these neoplasms will resolve under the influence of medications that stop the accompanying symptoms. In such a situation, specialists can use wait-and-see tactics, but at the same time, patients should be under constant surveillance to monitor the dynamics of the course of the disease. They are prescribed medicines that can improve intestinal and gastric motility. For example, tablets Ranitidine, Motilium.
To date, the only effective method to save people from intestinal polyps is surgical therapy. Specialists for each patient individually develop the tactics of the upcoming operation and select an invasive method of exposure.
Depending on the severity of the pathology and localization of polypous formations, the following surgical techniques can be applied:
- Conduct colotomy. The surgeon makes an incision in the colon intestinal wall. After that, the glandular polyp is removed through the opening.
- Polypectomy is performed by endoscopic procedure.. Specialist during the operation removes formations by means of a colonoscope or retroscope.
- Transanal intervention is performed. The surgeon gains access to the glandular formations through the rectum, after which it carries out their excision.
- Resection. This technique is applied to those patients who have observed whole polyposis colonies. During the operation, the surgeon identifies the site of polyposis formation and removes the affected part of the intestine. After that, an anastomosis is formed between the two separated parts of the organ.
Despite the fact that the advocates of traditional medicine in one voice say that many recipes help to completely get rid of polyps in the intestines, people should not believe them. Since no “grandfather’s” method is able not only to assist in the resorption of education, but also to prevent the appearance of new polyps.
But, at the same time, experts do not object to the use of popular recipes in order to eliminate clinical symptoms:
- Broths, for the preparation of which spruce needles, oak rinds, celandine, St. John’s wort grass, yarrow, extract from chaga are used.
- Infusion made from fresh Kalinovo berries.
- Cooked from celandine kvass.
- Honey shitty mixture.
- Microclysters, for which the solution is prepared, prepared from the herb of St. John’s wort, calendula and tails.
Patients who are preparing for surgical treatment should begin to eat right:
- For this category of patients developed sparing diet.
- They should eat according to the regimen, often in small portions.
- In the consumed dishes in large quantities must be present fiber, vegetable origin, vitamins.
- It is strictly forbidden to eat junk food. This list should be replenished: milk, pickles, canned goods, smoked meats, products, which include chemical additives.
- It is recommended that such a category of patients to use mucous pods and pureed soups. They are also allowed to eat wheat sprouts, pumpkin, cabbage, in particular, sea, steam or boiled meat, dairy products. The menu should be diluted with non-acidic fruit varieties and fresh vegetables: onions, carrots, spinach.
- Meals should be at room temperature.
- Do not mix protein foods with foods that contain starch.
These medical statistics, unfortunately, disappointing. If people have been diagnosed with polypous formations of the adenomatous plan, then in 75% of cases they become malignant with time. This is due to the particular histological structure of the tissues in such neoplasms, as well as their tendency to rapid growth. For example, if a person has a growth that does not exceed 1 cm, then the risk of its transformation into a malignant tumor is only 1%. At the same time, when there is a growth in the intestine, the size of which varies in the range from 1 to 2 cm, then in this case the risk of its malignancy increases to 10%. If the size of the polypous formation exceeds 2 cm, then the probability of its rebirth increases to 40%.
According to statistics, people who have villous and adenomatous polyps, in 95% of cases, are diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The process of rebirth can take quite a long period of time, ranging from 5 to 15 years. It can be accelerated by provoking factors, therefore, people who have these problems must observe all precautions and follow the instructions of the doctors exactly.
Of all the types of polypous formations localized in the intestine, never malignant:
To prevent the formation of intestinal polyps, people should follow the following recommendations of specialists:
- It is necessary to eat not only correctly, but also in regime.
- People should stop eating animal fats in favor of vegetable oils.
- Every person’s daily menu should include dishes that contain large quantities of coarse fiber. The list of such products can be replenished with pumpkin, apples, etc.
- Conscious rejection of all harmful addictions is extremely important.
- You must lead a physically active lifestyle.
- It is recommended to prevent constipation.
- People should timely treat diseases of the digestive tract.
- At regular intervals you need to visit the hospital for routine checkups.