The female body regularly undergoes cyclical changes. So, one calendar month can be divided into several different periods. Recently, hormonal diseases (endometritis, endometriosis, adenomyosis, etc.) have become increasingly common. Every year this or that pathology affects millions of women around the world. In this article, the story goes about what is adenomyosis and endometriosis. What is the difference between these pathologies? You will find the answer to this question below. It is also worth mentioning which treatment is prescribed for such a disease as adenomyosis (the symptoms and causes of adenomyosis will also be described below), how it differs from the correction of endometriosis.
Since the body of a woman regularly undergoes a change of hormonal levels, sometimes failures occur. Most often this occurs after childbirth, abortion and diagnostic curettage. Also, hormones can misbehave during menopause and before menopause.
The most common and insidious hormonal diseases are endometriosis and adenomyosis. The difference between them is significant. However, many women confuse these pathologies. It is worth noting that adenomyosis is sometimes called internal endometriosis. Let’s try to figure out how similar and how different pathology data is.
What is the difference between endometriosis and adenomyosis? This pathology occurs as follows. Due to the high production of estrogens or androgens, the mucous layer of the uterus expands to the peritoneal region. Also, a disease can occur due to the fact that menstrual blood is thrown through the fallopian tubes into the percutaneous space.
All this leads to the fact that the endometrium begins to function on the ovaries, body of the uterus, intestines and other nearby organs. Being subjected to cyclic changes, this substance can menstruate, as well as the internal cavity of the reproductive organ.
Symptoms of endometriosis
There are several stages of the disease. Depending on the lesion and the site of the outbreak, a woman may have absolutely no complaints even at the very last stage of the disease. That is why pathology is considered very dangerous and insidious. So, with endometriosis signs are as follows:
- pain in the abdomen during menstruation and a few days before it;
- abnormal stools (with intestinal lesions);
- irregular cycle with breakthrough bleeding;
- long periods, which take on a black tint at the end;
- prolonged inability to conceive a child.
Adenomyosis and endometriosis: what is the difference? Many doctors say that endometriosis can be internal. In this case, it is called adenomyosis. The disease develops as follows. Due to the imbalance of estrogen and progesterone in the body, an excess of first substances can be observed. As a result, the inner surface of the uterus plentifully grows. In the absence of timely and correct treatment, the endometrium is embedded in the muscular layer of the reproductive organ. Endometriosis of the uterus – adenomyosis. Many women think so. In some ways they are right. However, each pathology has its own name and it would be more correct to use it.
Symptoms of adenomyosis
This pathology most often begins to manifest itself in the very early stages. The symptoms of the disease may be as follows:
- pain in the lower part of the peritoneum during and without menstruation;
- lack of pregnancy for a long time;
- spotting in the middle of the female cycle;
- prolonged menstruation and a short non-structural period.
Endometriosis and adenomyosis: the difference
What is the difference between these pathologies? As you already know, adenomyosis – internal endometriosis of the uterus. Can it be said that this is the same thing? More likely no than yes. If we are talking about ordinary (non-internal) endometriosis, how does it differ from the proliferation of the mucous membrane of the reproductive organ? Let’s try to draw a parallel between the pathologies and find out what the difference between them is.
Endometriosis is a pathology that most often affects the fallopian tubes, the outer lining of the uterus, the intestines, and other organs.
Adenomyosis also develops exclusively in the genital organ. Even after growing into the muscle layer of the uterus, the endometrium does not go beyond it.
If we compare adenomyosis and endometriosis, what is the difference between diseases? Judging by the symptoms, the differences will be as follows. Endometriosis develops gradually and may not make itself known for a long time. Some women are diagnosed with the disease only at the last stage, when endometriomas (cysts) appear.
Adenomyosis most often makes itself felt immediately. Symptoms are manifested by long periods, painful sensations, and so on.
Endometriosis cannot be diagnosed with 100% accuracy. Medic can only suspect and suggest that you have a pathology. Even an ultrasound can not reliably diagnose. You can know for sure about the presence of the disease after laparoscopy (diagnostic surgery).
In most cases, adenomyosis can be diagnosed during ultrasound and hysteroscopy. Also experienced gynecologists can make a diagnosis after an examination on a gynecological chair.
Endometriosis is surgically corrected with great efficiency. During surgery, the doctor removes or cauterizes the lesions of the pathological endometrium. Conservative therapy can be effective only in the initial stages of the disease.
Adenomyosis is more commonly treated with medication. In most cases, these are hormonal drugs that suppress the production of estrogens and androgens. Also during treatment, progesterone therapy is prescribed.
Endometriosis can cause irreparable damage to the health of the weaker sex. During menstrual-like internal bleeding, thickening of the fluid and formation of adhesions occurs. All this, if untreated, leads not only to infertility, but also to fusion of the abdominal organs.
Adenomyosis is also quite dangerous, but it does not affect the organs of the peritoneum, affecting only the muscle layer of the uterus.
What are the similarities between endometriosis and adenomyosis?
- Both diseases are hormonal. The main reason for their appearance is a high level of estrogen.
- Both pathologies can lead to infertility and irregular menstruation.
- The treatment of the initial stages of the disease is quite effective with the help of potent hormonal drugs.
- Relapse can occur in both cases, even after the disease is completely cured.
So, now you know what adenomyosis and endometriosis are (what is the difference between them). Remember that self diagnosis is almost impossible. As you can see, even doctors are not always able to accurately recognize the disease. If you suspect pathology is better to contact a specialist and undergo a diagnosis. Only in this case can you receive a qualified and correct appointment and overcome the disease. Be always healthy!