A characteristic sign of gallstone disease is stagnation in the gallbladder of bile. With such a painful condition, it acquires a thicker composition, as a result, the salts present in it are transformed, which leads to the appearance of calculi in the bladder or bile-excreting pathways, which many people know as stones.
Inflammatory processes in the gallbladder and biliary tract provoke the development of this disease. The transition of the disease to the acute stage, accompanied by the inevitable formation of stones, is due to malnutrition. Usually, with this disease, specialists detect stones formed from the products of impaired cholesterol metabolism and bile salts.
Basic rules of diet
During cholelithiasis one of the first recommendations is to transfer the patient to proper nutrition, which should provide the body with enough protein and carbohydrates, while the fats in the diet should be limited.
If you stick to this rule, you can achieve several positive effects:
- restoration of the biliary tract;
- prevent the formation of new stones.
If you refer to the table of treatment tables according to Pevzner, then the diet for a patient with gallstone disease is fully fits table number 5.
This diet for cholelithiasis suggests that the body should receive the following amount of nutrients per day:
- squirrels – 85-90g, among which 45-50g should be animals;
- fats 70-80g, among which not more than 30g should be vegetable;
- carbohydrates 300-350g;
- salt – no more than 10g.
Subject to the treatment table 5 the body gets a day 2170-2480 kcal.
If the patient was diagnosed with cholelithiasis and stones were found in the gallbladder, then it is important for him not only to switch to proper nutrition, but also to stick to a fractional meal, and their number should be reduced to 5-6 per day.
If food is frequent, it will help the gallbladder to function better. Indeed, in this case, he will regularly excrete bile in small quantities, therefore, in order to transfer the gallbladder to the correct mode of operation, snacks must often be made in small portions. This, in turn, helps to better absorb the body’s nutrients, as well as avoid constipation.
During the diet, it is important for the patient to adhere to the meal schedule, since it depends on what hours the bladder begins to produce bile. Compliance with this rule allows you to avoid the appearance of hepatic colic.
Culinary food processing
The patient is allowed to eat only food in a shabby or crushed form. Then, under conditions of low stress, the gallbladder will not produce an excess amount of bile, which, when exacerbated by gallstone disease, often provokes spasms of the biliary tract and colic.
During the diet, the basis of the diet should be boiled, baked without crust or steamed products. In some cases, the patient can be given stews.
Prohibited foods include fried foods, since this method of processing is accompanied by the appearance of oxidized fats, which exacerbate the disease.
In such a state, a person should eat food at a comfortable temperature – within 15-65 degrees Celsius. If the dish is too cold or hot, it will increase the production of bile, which will irritate the gastric mucosa.
Salt and liquid
During the period of the disease is allowed to consume salt no more than 10 g per day. Abuse of this product is not recommended because it attracts liquid, causes thickening of the blood and provokes swelling.
Patients are advised to drink daily. at least 2 liters of clean water. This will help to saturate the body with enough liquid to dilute the bile, as well as cleanse the body of toxic substances, including salt.
In order to avoid relapses during the diet it is recommended to completely eliminate alcoholic beverages from the diet. Alcohol is a very dangerous product, because when it enters the body, spasms of the biliary tract and bladder begin, and this creates a risk of developing liver colic. An additional reason for avoiding alcohol is that it is usually served cold.
The diet should consist of dishes that can cause appetite. Therefore, you need to thoroughly prepare for food intake – beautifully arrange the table and create a calm relaxing atmosphere. There is a need to slowly, well chewing each bite. Then the food will come in small quantities, which will relieve the stomach and intestines from the increased load, as well as prevent the gall bladder from overloading.
During the diet, patients suffering from gallstone disease should not be given foods that provoke enhanced synthesis of bile in large quantities. Also in the diet should not be present refractory fats, because they are very difficult to absorb the body, and the liver and gallbladder are experiencing a heavy load when consumed. From the menu, you must remove foods that contain large quantities of cholesterol.
It is necessary to exclude from the diet of food rich in nitrogenous substances and oxalic acid. The fact is that with its frequent use of salt, which subsequently precipitate, leading to the appearance of stones in the gall bladder.
Also in the diet of the patient should be missing products that can provoke flatulence or rotting in the intestines.
During the diet, it is recommended to eat less simple carbohydrates, because due to them the level of bad cholesterol starts to grow, which is especially important for people who are overweight.
- fresh pastries, including muffins, bread, donuts and pies, cakes, etc .;
- sharp and salty cheeses, high-fat dairy products, milk;
- yolk and scrambled eggs;
- fats of animal origin – lard, margarine;
- strong broth cooked in meat and fish, mushroom soups, okroshka;
- mushrooms – fried, boiled, stewed, baked;
- pearl barley, millet, barley grits;
- legumes, sorrel, cabbage, brussels sprouts, spinach;
- rhubarb, onion and garlic, radish and radish – a high concentration of essential oils and nitrogenous substances;
- fatty fish (sturgeon, catfish), canned food, smoked meats and strong salted fish;
- offal, canned meat, smoked meat, corned beef;
- all types of sausages;
- caviar, sushi;
- dishes from the category of fast food;
- any seasoning, especially with a bitter taste (parsley, thyme, etc.);
- spices – mustard, horseradish, vinegar;
- most raw fruits and berries are grapes, raspberries, cranberries, lingonberries;
- butter creams, ice cream, chocolate;
- sweet drinks – tea, coffee, cocoa;
- fatty meat – pork, duck.
The basis of the patient’s diet should be foods that contain large quantities pectins and lipotropic substances.
The use of pectin is the ability to envelop and have anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, its regular use during the diet can effectively eliminate toxins from the body. They are considered to be the food environment for the life of beneficial intestinal microflora. The benefits of lipotropic substances are in their ability to thin the bile, cleanse the liver of fats, prevent the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood vessels and cleanse the body of its excess.
Particular attention in the preparation of a diet for gallstones should be given fiber, which should be present in large quantities in the diet. In this case, intestinal motility improves, it is possible to avoid constipation, which ultimately prevents intoxication of the body.
With this diet, the patient’s menu should attend foods rich in magnesium. The advantage of this element is the ability to remove spasms of the gallbladder and biliary tract. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, helps to restore the normal functioning of intestinal motility.
Usually the list of permitted products for the patient is as follows:
- bran or bread from rye flour, allowed yesterday’s bread and its types – biscuits, crackers, etc .;
- oatmeal and buckwheat cooked in milk in half with water or completely in water to a state of full cooking, as well as rice and semolina porridge in a viscous form;
- all types of pasta in boiled form;
- lean and non-variegated meat (veal, rabbit meat, beef);
- low-fat ham, milk sausages;
- low-fat fish, keta and lightly salted salmon;
- seafood – rich in iodine, which binds cholesterol;
- wheat bran, buckwheat, nuts (recommended cashews), as well as sunflower and pumpkin seeds – rich in magnesium and vegetable oils;
- butter in the form of an additive dish, unrefined vegetable oil;
- tea and coffee with milk, alkaline water, stewed fruit with dried fruit, rosehip decoction, juice, but only in diluted form;
- vegetarian soups (borscht, beetroot soup, etc.);
- vegetables, rich in pectins – beets, pumpkins, carrots and starch – potatoes, zucchini, cauliflower, can be Bulgarian pepper, cucumbers;
- apples – fresh or baked, bananas, sweet pomegranate;
- natural sweets – marmalade, candy, dried fruits, etc .;
- milk and dairy products – the presence of vitamin D changes the pH of bile in the alkaline side, and it helps to combat the deposition of salts and the formation of stones;
- egg white in the composition of steam omelets;
- non-acute cheeses (in small quantities).
Gallstone disease is one of the most dangerous and unpleasant diseases for the modern woman. Therefore, to eliminate the signs of this disease it is necessary first of all. review your diet.
The diet with lacquers provides for a complete rejection of foods rich in fats and carbohydrates, which should be replaced by products with a high content of fiber. An important rule that all patients must adhere to – fractional food intake. This helps to avoid the release of bile in large quantities, which, in turn, helps prevent irritation of the mucous membranes.