The well-known rate of pressure of 120 to 80 does not always please us when conducting the next measurement. Everyone also, to a greater or lesser extent, knows that any deviation of these indicators upward is called hypertension, and downwardly – hypotension.
And what if the device shows an unusual combination – pressure 110 to 90? Is it possible to ignore such fluctuations, or does it serve as a symptom of some serious pathology? The answer to this question must be sought in the meaning of the concept of “blood pressure” and the comprehensive assessment of the general condition.
110 to 90 pressure: what does this mean?
The two digits obtained from the pressure measurement give a description of the different phases of the cardiac cycle:
- The first or top determines systolic pressure (MAP) and indicates the strength of the pressure with which the heart pushes blood into the arteries;
- The second or lower indicates diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and displays the tone of the heart muscle at the time of relaxation of the heart to take a new portion of blood.
What does reducing the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure at 110 to 90 mean? Such indicator has the name of pulse pressure and its norm should make from 30 to 50 mm. Deviations up to 20 units (both downwards and downwards) refer to the normal variant.
As you can see, the pressure of 110 to 90 can be interpreted differently:
- As a boundary variant of the norm of pulse difference (20 units of mercury.);
- As a mild stage of diastolic hypertension (as evidenced by a slight increase in DBP);
- As the absence of pathologies and the body’s response to certain factors (errors in food, drinks, lifestyle, the presence of stress, age characteristics, etc.);
- As the first symptoms of severe diseases (atherosclerosis, oncology, cardiovascular problems, etc.).
Increased diastolic pressure: causes
If we consider the pressure of 110 to 90 as diastolic hypertension, then we must remember that there are two types of it:
- Symptomatic, in which pressure rises in response to pathological processes of internal organs;
- Independent, indicators of which provoke the appearance of serious malfunction of the organs and body systems.
The following causes can lead to diastolic hypertension:
- Renal dysfunction, accompanied by fluid retention;
- Thyroid and adrenal gland problems;
- Hereditary factor;
- Wrong lifestyle – errors in nutrition, bad habits, lack of rest, emotional breakdowns, etc .;
- Stenosis of the vertebral canals.
There are also features of increasing lower pressure for different categories of patients:
- High rates of DBP are acceptable at a young age, as well as among people who are professionally involved in sports;
- In women, a rise in diastolic pressure may be associated with pregnancy, menopause, any hormonal disruptions, overweight and debilitating diets, an elevated emotional background, etc .;
- In men, obesity, smoking, a sedentary lifestyle, alcohol abuse, stress, heart disease, etc., can provoke high DBP.
If the pressure is 110 to 90: when such indicators are dangerous
Many specialists, in the absence of other complaints, can attribute the pressure of 110 to 90 to the boundary variant of the norm, which does not require correction.
Along with this, there are a number of symptoms, the presence of which, along with the indicated figures of CAD and DBP, require immediate medical consultation:
- High pulse (above 90 – 100 beats per minute);
- Severe aching headache;
- Bouts of nausea and vomiting;
- The emergence of anxiety states;
- Cold sweat;
- The feeling of discomfort and constraint in the chest;
- Intermittent breathing;
- Tinnitus; dizziness;
Pressure 110 to 90: treatment
Bring back to normal blood pressure indicators can adjust your lifestyle, for which you need:
- Remove excess weight, reaching an optimal body mass index in the range of 18.5 – 25 (weight in kilograms divided by height in meters, squared);
- Provide the body with proper rest with optimal work and sleep;
- Practice moderate exercise;
- Diet, eliminating from the diet flour, sweet products, fatty meats and smoked meats, reducing the amount of salt and spicy seasonings in the food;
- To refuse from bad habits.
If the clinical picture at 110 to 90 indicates diastolic hypertension, then it will be advisable to conduct a special course of drug treatment. Independent selection and administration of conventional hypotonic drugs in this case will not only benefit, but may also cause severe hypotension, significantly reducing the already low upper pressure indicator.
Choose an adequate scheme and dosage of antihypertensive drugs (among ACE inhibitors, diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium antagonists or angiotensin II antagonists), which will help bring blood pressure to normal, can only qualified specialists.
To normalize the pressure of 110 to 90 will also help tips traditional medicine:
- Strengthening the walls of the arteries contributes to the introduction into the diet of vegetable juices (carrot, beet), compotes of viburnum, blueberries, cranberries and chokeberry;
- Displays excess fluid will help diuretic fees based on medicinal plants;
- To restore the emotional background will allow the reception of natural medicinal components with a sedative effect (mint, melissa, etc.).
110 to 90 pressure: forecast
Any deviation from the norm, which is recorded systematically, requires professional evaluation. Therefore, even in the case of well-being with indicators of 110 to 90, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
If there are other symptoms, improvement of the condition will depend on the efficiency and adequacy of the selected medical treatment.
Lifestyle correction is of great importance for the normalization of pressure – by following simple rules of nutrition, rest and work, physical exertion can stabilize the indicators and avoid the development of pathologies.
Lack of treatment at a pressure of 110 to 90, which is accompanied by a number of symptoms, can aggravate the underlying disease and lead to serious consequences in the form of strokes and heart attacks, renal and heart failure, problems with vision, etc.