Pneumonia is an acute infectious disease of bacterial origin, a characteristic symptom of which is a focal lesion of the respiratory regions of the lungs with the presence of intraalveolar exudation.
Diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the respiratory system organs are carried out in the clinic of therapy at Yusupov Hospital. The staff consists of doctors and candidates of medical sciences, doctors of the highest category, with a huge store of knowledge and tremendous practical experience. The clinic is equipped with modern equipment from leading foreign manufacturers, allowing to diagnose diseases in the early stages of development.
Pneumonia: treatment time
Often, the discomfort brings not so much pneumonia itself, as the need for hospitalization and hospital stay. Patients and their relatives want to know how many days inflammation of the lungs is treated and when there will be a full recovery. More than 50% of cases of pneumonia can be treated on an outpatient basis, but if there are compelling reasons, the patient needs inpatient therapy. Quite often, doctors have to deal with distrust: with prolonged periods of treatment, the patient begins to suspect that the doctor has prescribed the wrong treatment and to search for answers on the Internet or from friends to the questions: How much does pneumonia treat, does pneumonia cure at home? In order to understand how long pneumonia is treated, it is necessary to deal with some features of the treatment of this disease.
Pneumonia: inpatient treatment – how many days the therapy lasts
There are certain standards that comply with international standards that the pulmonologists of the Yusupov Hospital guide in the treatment of pneumonia. They need to know to understand how many days pneumonia is treated. The duration of treatment of pneumonia depends on several factors:
- nature of the causative agent;
- the severity of the disease;
- antibiotic response;
- general condition of the patient.
The duration of treatment of pneumonia in adults with severe disease can be quite long, the patient requires hospitalization. Placement of the patient in the hospital is necessary in the following cases:
- if the patient is over 65;
- systolic and / or diastolic pressure is reduced, reaches a critical point;
- the level of urea in the blood exceeds 7 mmol / l;
- the patient has signs of impaired consciousness.
Each of the factors is estimated at one point. Zero points means the possibility of treatment on an outpatient basis, from one to three points – the patient requires hospitalization. Inpatient treatment is necessary for patients in the following conditions: impaired consciousness, the presence of severe concomitant diseases, severe dehydration, acute respiratory failure, purulent sputum, high body temperature and severe intoxication of the body, and bilateral inflammatory process (bilateral pneumonia). How long the treatment lasts in a hospital is decided by a specialist, assessing the general condition of the patient and the effectiveness of therapy.
Pneumonia: the duration of inpatient treatment
As a rule, the relatives of the patient are concerned not only with how much pneumonia they have, but also with the duration of the most dangerous period. Specialists Yusupovskogo hospital allocate the first three or four days from the start of treatment. Patients with intoxication and fever are given bed rest. For the prevention of stagnation in the lungs and the development of pressure sores, the patient must stand for at least 20 minutes. Short walks are recommended for patients after body temperature returns to normal.
How long to treat pneumonia is decided by a pulmonologist, depending on the results of the drug therapy and the effectiveness of ancillary measures.
The patient is recommended to drink plenty of mineral water, herbal tea, juices, fruit drinks. Diet during the period of illness should consist of light soups, fruits, fish and meat dishes, cooked in a pair.
Pneumonia: the timing of outpatient treatment
Antibiotic therapy, which is carried out on an outpatient basis, lasts from seven to ten days. Treatment is terminated after normal body temperature and physical data. Valid residual effects are:
- hard breathing during auscultation;
- small subfebrile condition.
Pneumonia: the duration of antibiotic treatment
Most often, the duration of antibiotic therapy is not more than seven days. In the case of a moderate course of the disease, the course can be extended up to ten days, and in the case of a severe course it lasts more than three weeks. Pneumonia is treated with antibacterial drugs, the duration depends on the nature of the pathogen. For pneumococcal infections, the course of antibiotic therapy lasts five days. If the disease is caused by staphylococcus or legionella, antibiotics continue for 21 days. In cases when the causative agents of the disease are the pyo-purulent bacilli or enterobacteria, the course of therapy lasts from three to six weeks. With the development of lung abscess, antibacterial therapy continues from 42 to 56 days.
Inflammation of the lungs: the duration of treatment until complete recovery
We can speak of complete treatment in the absence of a patient’s cough, the normalization of body temperature, the restoration of calm and free breathing and the absence of signs of an inflammatory process on a radiograph. As a rule, the treatment lasts three weeks, but the next six months the patient must be under the supervision of the attending physician.
The healing process can last twice as long if the patient suffers from severe chronic pathologies, congenital diseases, secondary immunodeficiency and
The earlier the pathology is revealed, the shorter and more effective the course of treatment. When the first alarming symptoms appear, you should seek medical help at a specialized clinic dealing with problems of the upper respiratory tract.
For the treatment of pneumonia and other pathologies of the upper respiratory tract in the Yusupov hospital, innovative techniques are used to overcome the disease in a short time. Drug therapy is carried out using the most effective and safe drugs with a minimum range of side effects.
You can make an appointment with a specialist and find out the conditions of hospitalization by calling the clinic.