Pink lichen, or, as it is also called, Giber’s disease, is a skin disease of an infectious-allergic nature.
The disease manifests itself as a characteristic rash and general symptoms of indisposition.
In most cases, the disease is seasonal and requires both local and general therapy.
To date, the causes of pink lichen is not fully understood. This greatly complicates both the diagnosis and therapy of this disease. Scientists have found that the risk of getting sick is higher for men and women of middle age. The ability to get sick significantly increases if the body’s immunity is reduced. For this reason, cases of the disease are recorded mainly in the spring-winter period.
Unfortunately, they still have not figured out what kind of pathogen causes the appearance of this type of lichen. Doctors suggest that a herpevirus of type 1 or type 6 may play a certain role, since it is in the active stage that it is often detected in people who have previously been diagnosed with lichen deprive.
Among the common causes contributing to the development of Giber disease are:
- severe stress;
- weakening of immunity after suffering a cold or infectious diseases;
- damage to the skin;
- metabolic disease;
- some insect bites: fleas, ticks, lice;
See also, scaly and versicolor lichen.
Symptoms of pink lichen
The first symptoms of pink lichen are similar to the symptoms of a common cold. A person has a slight weakness, drowsiness, and a feeling of indisposition. After that, the patient can detect rashes on himself, which give the doctor a reason to make an appropriate diagnosis.
In most cases, the so-called maternal plaque appears first on the patient’s body. The maternal plaque is a large pink spot about 3-5 cm in diameter, rounded, slightly elevated above the surface. It keeps on the skin for about a week, and during this time, smaller spots are formed near it.
Mostly with pink lichen, a leaching is on the body: in the back and abdomen area. Much less often it can be found on the limbs, neck or face. In some cases, the presence of spots causes a slight itching.
The presence of spots with pink lichen, as a rule, is accompanied by a low subfebrile temperature. The acute stage of the disease lasts about 2 months, then the rash disappears, and hyperpigmentation can remain in their places.
For a correct diagnosis in case of pink lichen, a full-time dermatologist’s consultation is necessary. The doctor conducts a thorough examination of the rash, listens to the patient’s complaints, and on this basis to confirm or refute the diagnosis. You may also need an analysis of the scraping taken directly from the area of the rash.
The difficulty in determining is due to the fact that it does not have a specific pathogen, which could be determined using laboratory research methods. Often, due to the similarity of symptoms, Gibert’s disease is mistaken for toksidermiya, pityriasis versicolor, infectious exanthema or parapsoriasis. That is why in the diagnosis of this disease, it is important to remember the key points due to which it differs from other dermatological pathologies.
A distinctive feature of the rash is that the spots have a regular round or oval shape, and their surface flakes off only in the center. You also need to know that they are placed on the human body in a certain order – exclusively along the so-called Langer lines, which are located along the natural skin folds.
Pink lichen treatment
Unfortunately, at the moment there is no specific therapy for the treatment of pink lichen in humans. As a rule, doctors attribute local remedies to relieve symptoms – creams and ointments based on corticosteroids, antipruritic agents.
Not bad efficiency is shown also by talkers which are specially made for patients in prescription departments of drugstores. The composition of such mixtures usually includes anesthesin or menthol, they remove sensitivity in the area of rashes, eliminate itching. Talkers are applied to the affected areas 2-3 times a day, and ointments and creams are usually used twice a day.
It is necessary to adhere to special rules of personal hygiene. In particular, frequent water procedures should be avoided, as water and detergents that fall into the area of the affected skin provoke irritation and can prolong the course of the disease. It is also not recommended to use cosmetic creams and lotions. But sunbathing and a solarium in reasonable quantities create a positive effect on the patient, improving the condition of his skin. Wearing synthetic or woolen clothes that irritate the skin is also contraindicated.
An important point in the treatment of pink lichen in humans is the correction of the power of the patient. Almost all doctors in the acute stage of Gibert’s disease recommend dieting. In particular, alcohol, strong tea and coffee, fried food, fatty meat should be excluded from your usual diet. In addition, products that contain artificial additives and dyes should be discarded.
In most cases, the prognosis for Zhiber disease is favorable. Even without appropriate treatment, recovery still occurs after a maximum of 8 weeks.
Which doctor to contact for treatment?
If, after reading the article, you assume that you have symptoms characteristic of this disease, then you should consult a dermatologist for advice.