October 6, 2018, 21:33 Expert article: Kurbanov Kurban Samatovich 0 106
There is papilloma in the throat due to infection of the patient with a specific virus. Often this pathology occurs in young children, since their immunity is rather weak. At risk include young people with frequent change of sexual partners. The signs and symptoms of the disease depend on the location of the tumors and manifest as pain and sore throat.
Remove the papilloma by laser or by cryodestruction.
Causes of development
Human papillomavirus is activated under the influence of such factors:
- immune defense impairment;
- hormonal imbalance;
- smoking or drinking alcohol;
- taking contraceptive drugs;
- lack of sleep;
- poor nutrition;
- lack of vitamins and trace elements;
- ionizing radiation;
- allergic reactions;
- the presence of a foreign body on the larynx;
- performed tracheostomy;
- large amounts of gas and dust in the inhaled air.
The specific virus that is in the body is capable of provoking throat papillomatosis. It can cause malignant neoplasms and genital warts. Papillomavirus lives and multiplies in epidermal cells, disrupting their normal functional activity and altering division. The pathogen is transmitted by airborne, domestic, sexual and parenteral routes. It is also possible infection during blood transfusion or organ transplantation. The disease has hereditary predisposition, and still develops in individuals with significant hormonal disruptions and an increased formation of androgens. Children at the age of 5 or people of young age are at risk of developing papillomavirus throat.
Depending on the place of localization, papillomas are formed, which were formed on the tongue, in the tonsils, larynx. As well as the formation can be on the mucous throat, soft palate, upper esophagus. If the warts are in the larynx or on the vocal cords, it can lead to respiratory failure and loss of ability to speak. In the case of trachea, asphyxia is possible. If papillomavirus affects the esophagus, then there is a feeling of a foreign body and pain in the chest. In severe cases, vomiting of blood is possible. The tongue pathogen localized very rarely.
Depending on the severity of respiratory complications, these forms of papillomatosis are distinguished:
- compensated degree with hoarseness and noise;
- the appearance of shortness of breath, anxiety and severe lack of oxygen;
- the occurrence of asphyxia with a possible fatal outcome.
In addition, the following forms of throat papillomas are distinguished:
According to the prevalence of the papillomatous process, the following species are distinguished:
Papilloma in the throat causes the patient to develop the following clinical signs:
Some patients with similar formations may complain of shortness of breath.
- pain or discomfort behind the sternum;
- heaviness when swallowing;
- feeling of lack of air;
- sore throat;
- change and hoarseness;
- speech impairment;
- feeling stuck bone in the throat;
- bad breath;
- coughing up with blood;
On external examination, papilloma looks like a comb or knot of arbitrary shape, on which there is a white patch. After excision of the formation, the place is sore, but the scarring does not leave a procedure. Warts can cover the entire throat or esophagus, or be located in the form of local clusters in certain parts of the mucous membrane.
One can suspect the presence of papillomavirus in the throat by the presence of the patient’s characteristic symptoms of the disease. To confirm the diagnosis is carried out laryngoscopy, with which the doctor otolaryngologist establishes the presence of tumors on the mucous throat or trachea. Also shown is a general and biochemical blood test. Recommended excision of the site of tumors with subsequent histological diagnosis. It is also important to conduct an immunogram to the patient and determine the presence of the virus in the body using PCR. To exclude foci of neoplasms in other organs, magnetic resonance and computed tomography is performed.
The main method of treatment for the appearance of tumors is to remove them with a laser, cryotherapy and open surgery. It is also possible to use a chemical method of eliminating tumors. For this purpose, acid, solutions of potassium permanganate and perhydrol are applied to the growths. Radiotherapy is also possible using ionizing radiation to remove warts. Squamous papilloma is poorly amenable to therapy, as it has a tendency to relapse. After removal of the papilloma, the patient is recommended medical treatment in the form of antiviral drugs Acyclovir, Arbidola and others. Interferons and steroid hormones are also shown, which slow down the growth of tumors and eliminate the inflammatory process in the throat.
Papilomavirus can be treated with the use of drugs. For this purpose, antiviral agents are used, such as Tsidofovir or substances based on synthetic interferon Viferon, Interal and others. For cauterization, Podofillin is used. And also apply substances to enhance immunity, as Cycloferon. Steroid hormones are shown to eliminate inflammation and help suppress the growth of tumors.
It is possible to cure papillomavirus using surgical methods of exposure. This method is used when the tumor is of considerable size and is stuck in an area accessible through the larynx. Removal of papilloma in the throat is performed using cryo or laser. Radiation therapy is also possible using local irradiation of the site with the highest number of tumors.
The causes of the appearance of papilloma remain unknown, but the sexual route of infection prevails.
Treatment of folk remedies
It is recommended to make decoctions and infusions of healing herbs. For this purpose, honey is used, which is dissolved in warm water and consumed in the morning on an empty stomach. Therapy with folk remedies is possible only in combination with traditional treatment and in the initial stage of the disease without life-threatening complications such as asphyxia. Useful would be a decoction of chamomile leaves and calendula flowers. To enhance immunity, which can prevent the recurrence of the disease, use pomegranate juice, garlic, juniper berries and horseradish with honey. Useful inhalation of celandine and gargling with Kalanchoe juice.
Prevent throat papillomatosis can, if you monitor the state of the immune system, to avoid stress and prolonged hypothermia. It is necessary to timely treat the pathology not only of an infectious nature and to eat right. It is necessary to exclude alcohol and smoking, as well as to maintain the hygiene of the oral cavity. Be sure to protect yourself from casual sex.