The drug Panthenol, despite the simplicity of its composition, is by far one of the most effective means used in the treatment of tissue damage. This drug is especially effective in the case of burns, although the healing properties of Panthenol also accelerate recovery processes for non-healing ulcers, fissures, wounds, intertrigo, bedsores, allergic dermatoses, dry inflammations and even dry rhinitis, with eye damage.
The composition of the drug
The main substance that makes up Panthenol is dexpanthenol. However, it contains various auxiliary components, the set of which depends on the purpose of the application. Most often, Panthenol is used in the treatment of burns (thermal, solar and
Spray and ointment contain the following auxiliary ingredients: triglycerides, potassium sorbate, medical petrolatum, lanolin alcohol, sodium citrate, lanolin, distilled water, citric acid. In some cases, manufacturers add chloramphenicol and natural ingredients, in particular, provitamins or sea buckthorn oil.
Due to the versatility of use when restoring a variety of tissues, the drug Panthenol is produced in many forms. Namely – tablets, capsules, lozenges, solutions for external and internal use, lotion, cream, ointment, foam, spray, gel for the eyes.
Panthenol, or rather, dexpanthenol – the main component of the drug – being in the body, it breaks down to calcium pentothenate acid, supplementing its deficiency. This acid is a component of coenzyme A and all biological tissues, and if damaged, the need for calcium pentothenate increases.
Coenzyme A plays an important role in acetylation and oxidation, the metabolism of sugars and fats, the production of acetylcholine, glucocorticoids, porphyrins. It makes collagen fiber stronger and restores cell metabolism. Even Panthenol stimulates the regeneration of mucous membranes and growth of the skin epithelium, improves intestinal peristalsis.
Panthenol for burns
No one is immune from burns. Purposeful noncompliance with safety rules or accident may cause a violation of the integrity of the skin surface. Pain, swelling, redness and itching – these symptoms accompany a person who has experienced a burn. And for the elimination of data and other unpleasant effects of burns will help Panthenol.
For these purposes, it is available in three forms: ointment, cream and spray, but there are no fundamental differences in the composition. Next, we analyze how to use Panthenol in case of burns, the principle of exposure to the affected skin and composition.
The drug speeds up the regenerative processes due to the high concentration of dexpanthenol. As a result of a reaction with the lymph, this substance, falling on the surface of the skin, promotes the formation of pantothenic acid. Due to this, the synthesis of protein compounds occurs, which leads to the growth of new cells of the dermis.
In addition, Panthenol has the following effect:
- cooling the skin, relieves acute pain;
- disinfects open burns and protects them from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms;
- increases the strength of collagen fibers;
- nourishes and moisturizes the skin;
- prevents the formation of scar tissue.
The drug is used in burn lesions of all degrees, since its high efficiency can help even in the most difficult cases.
Forms of release and composition
Panthenol, used against burns and whose active ingredient is dexpanthenol, is produced in three forms, the most successful of which is a spray, and this is due to several reasons:
- Spray Panthenol against burns covers the affected area with just one touch of a finger.
- There is no need to cause more painful sensations by applying a drug to the burn surface, injuring the exposed layers of the dermis.
- Being under pressure in a sealed tube, the components of the drug do not evaporate, which prolongs the shelf life.
Cream and ointment Panthenol are not inferior to their predecessor, but the medicine in these forms requires certain storage conditions, when the air temperature should be no higher than 18 ° C. Otherwise, the effectiveness of the drug is significantly reduced due to the evaporation of useful components.
The spray, except for dexpanthenol, contains the following auxiliary components:
- cetyl stearyl alcohol;
- peracetic acid;
- liquid wax;
- gas (propane, isobutane, n-butane);
- paraffin oil.
Auxiliary elements that make up the drug, provide small capillaries maximum permeability, allowing the active component to penetrate deeper and act in full. The presence of wax and wax reduces pain.
If it is necessary to apply the spray, the balloon should be kept upright, spraying the foam onto the skin surface evenly at a distance of 10 cm.
The drug is well absorbed, forming a protective film on the skin that retains germs and moisture. Panthenol has no adverse reactions, it is well tolerated by patients of all positions and ages. In rare cases, the use of the drug provokes pruritus and urticaria.
Panthenol cream is convenient due to its compact size, which simplifies storage in the first-aid kit. The cream contains elements such as:
- sodium citrate;
- potassium sorbate;
- natural flavors.
Apply the cream after pre-sanitization of the affected area with an alcohol solution to eliminate the risk of microbes in the layer between the cream and the skin. For these purposes, as a rule, a spatula or a cotton swab is used. It is not recommended to perform the procedure with your finger, as this can not only cause unnecessary pain, but also carry pathogenic microorganisms on the hands.
The risk of allergic reactions increases due to the presence of flavors that can provoke urticaria, excessive swelling and itching of the skin. It is better not to use the cream in case of deep burns, since the dense structure is difficult to fit on the damaged surface of the skin. However, despite this, Panthenol is perfectly absorbed, leaving no residue.
Ointment Panthenol has no peculiar smell, but the color may be yellowish. The ointment includes such elements as:
Panthenol in the form of an ointment has a more liquid consistency, and, unlike the cream, is less absorbed, forming a protective layer that does not let moisture through. Lanolin stimulates the production of elastin and softens coarse skin. Ointment is used in cases when additional moistening of the burn zone is required. The ointment does not contain flavors, but there are natural preservatives that do not affect the quality of the drug.
Panthenol is highly effective in healing burns of varying degrees. When it is better to use a spray, and in what cases – creams with ointments, the doctor will tell.
Usually, Panthenol is well tolerated by patients in any of the forms, the drug does not provoke adverse reactions and serious complications. Due to the absence of toxicity, the drug is allowed at any age, in the presence of chronic diseases, as well as during pregnancy or lactation. In addition to burns, this universal drug helps to cope with other minor skin lesions, so its presence in the first-aid kit is highly desirable.
If you decide to use Panthenol yourself as a remedy for burns, then the following simple instructions for use will be helpful to you:
- Ointment and cream are applied topically, they must be applied to the affected area with a thin layer 1-4 times a day, while avoiding contact with the drug in the eyes. Before applying, treat the surface of the wound with an antiseptic.
- In case of burns of the mucous membranes of the mouth, Panthenol solution is used, it is used to perform gargling and the mouth cavity; also the solution is used for application to the scalp. The solution teaches when diluting the drug with water: for rinsing in the ratio of 1: 1, for the scalp – in the ratio of 1: 3.
- In the case of using Panthenol to eliminate minor burns (redness, local peeling and hyperthermia), the agent should be applied immediately in order to stop the lesion process at the initial stage.