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Painkillers (analgesics) for cats
Analgesics are drugs used to alleviate pain. There are many classes of painkillers. Each of them should be used with care on cats. Even despite the fact that painkillers are a familiar thing in the house, they are forbidden to be taken by cats.
Demerol, codeine, morphine, and other drugs belong to a special list of drugs and are not sold without a special authorization prescription. The effect of such drugs on cats is generally unpredictable. So, a dose of morphine suitable for a small dog contributes to the appearance of fear, excitability and drooling in the cat. When the minimum acceptable dose is exceeded, in a cat this can lead to convulsions and even death. Fentanyl, often in the form of a patch that attaches to the skin, is considered an anesthetic that is used for cats. But it is allowed to use it only under the supervision of a specialist, since complex side effects may occur.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
A banal variant, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is a known agent from the category of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Enteric or buffered aspirin is considered a safe analgesic for home use on dogs, but it must be carefully presented to cats. Minor doses of aspirin can cause loss of appetite in cats, depression and vomiting. One tablet of aspirin per day for 3 to 4 days is quite capable of causing salivation, dehydration, severe vomiting, and a lurching gait. Severe disturbances in acid-base balance may occur. Sometimes there are signs of liver and bone marrow toxicity. Often manifested gastrointestinal bleeding.
Be aware of the likely toxicity and use aspirin only under the supervision of a veterinarian. An acceptable dose of aspirin for cats is 5 mg for every 450 grams of pet’s body weight after 48 to 72 hours. Assume that one adult-sized aspirin tablet (325 mg) is eight safe doses for a 3.6-pound cat. But children’s aspirin, which is used after three days – a typical recommended dose for a cat. It should be given only with food, but not on an empty stomach. In the case of the first signs of toxicity, the use of the drug should be immediately stopped.
Meloxicam is a relatively safe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent for cats, but at this time in the States it is approved only in the form of injections. It should also be used only as a result of consultation with a specialist.
Other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory substances like ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), naproxen (Alive) and other aspirin substitutes that are used to eliminate pain in humans are very toxic to cats. In addition, these drugs are not as well tolerated as aspirin. Their assimilation by the organism of small animals is highly unpredictable. As a result of this, such drugs are categorically inappropriate for cats.
The drug Acetaminophen (Tylenol) – included in the list of analgesics, which in no case can not be used in cats. In cats that have been given at least a small dose of the drug Tilenol, fatal hemolytic anemia, as well as liver failure, can worsen.
Butazolidine (phenylbutazone) is also an analgesic that is prescribed to horses, dogs, and other animals. When to apply it as it should be for these animals, it can be absolutely safe and quite effective. But in cats, it can cause toxicity like aspirin and acetaminophen. In addition to this, phenylbutazone develops renal failure. In this connection, it is not recommended for use in cats.