The rectum is the final part of the intestine, in which fecal masses accumulate and through which are excreted from the body. This process should not cause any discomfort. The appearance of pain in the rectum is a serious reason to consult a specialist, because it can be a symptom of very dangerous diseases. According to statistics, pain in the anal canal in women occurs 1.5 times more often than in men because of the structural features of the body.
Pain in the anal canal in women occurs 1.5 times more often than in men.
Causes of pain in the rectum
The causes of unpleasant and sometimes painful sensations in the direct part of the intestine are many, and far from all of them are innocuous. Very often, these symptoms indicate various pathologies of internal organs, especially in women.
The main causes of pain in the rectum in women are the following adverse factors and pathological conditions:
- proctological diseases (proctalgia, polyps, hemorrhoids, cyst of the coccyx, intestinal fistula, prolapse of the rectum, paraproctitis, Crohn’s disease);
- diseases of the urinary system (cystitis, bladder and kidney stones);
- gynecological diseases (endometriosis, adnexitis, ovarian cyst);
- premenstrual syndrome;
- malignant and benign neoplasms in the rectum and other organs of the small pelvis.
Moreover, in various diseases, the painful sensations manifest themselves in different ways. They can occur with or without additional symptoms.
Many women have a dull pain in the rectum during pregnancy. This can be caused both by low mobility and prolonged sitting in one position, as well as by serious disturbances in the functioning of internal organs, which can adversely affect the health of the future mother and baby. Therefore, in order to avoid all sorts of complications with the appearance of pain in the anus, you should consult a doctor.
Sharp, sharp pain
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It’s a dull pain
Dull rectal pain
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For painful sensations arising in the direct part of the intestine, one should first of all consult the proctologist, since various pathologies can cause this condition.
For painful sensations arising in the direct part of the intestine, first of all, you should consult a proctologist.
You should immediately seek help from a doctor in cases where a sharp pain in the rectum is accompanied by a rapid deterioration of the general condition, has a long-lasting character or increases after a while. If there are additional symptoms in the form of internal bleeding, discharge from the anus of mucus, pus or blood, a primary examination can be performed by a surgeon.
In other cases, diagnostic activities begin with the collection of specialist history:
- the nature of the pain;
- its location;
- the frequency of pain attacks;
At the second stage, the doctor conducts a series of clinical studies. They include:
- visual examination of the patient;
- percussion of the abdomen (diagnostics by tapping the anterior abdominal wall and analysis arising from these sounds manipulation);
- palpation of the abdomen;
- anoscopy or rectoromanoscopy;
- laboratory tests of urine, feces, blood.
Only after the tests and the results obtained can the doctor be able to establish an accurate diagnosis and select the optimal treatment strategy.
Read more about the methods of checking the rectum and intestines in this article.
Features of treatment
Treatment to eliminate pain in the rectum is prescribed based on the results obtained after the diagnosis.
Thus, the treatment of the internal form of hemorrhoids will depend on the stage of development of the disease and the severity of the existing complications. At the first stages, a conservative treatment with a complex of drugs is quite sufficient: ointments and creams, tablets, rectal suppositories. With the prolapse of hemorrhoids, with strong thrombosis of hemorrhoidal veins, minimally invasive procedures are used for the treatment.
Anal abrasions can be successfully treated with ointments and creams for external use, which accelerate tissue regeneration and repair, as well as have an antiseptic effect.
In coccygodynia, the patient is prescribed a course of physiotherapy, paraffin-based applications. With a very strong pain in the rectum do blockade with anesthetics (mostly novocaine).
In inflammatory processes of the intestinal mucous tissue, a special diet is prescribed, normalizing the activity of the entire gastrointestinal tract.
In inflammatory processes of the intestinal mucous tissue, in addition to medications, the patient is prescribed antibacterial therapy and a special diet, normalizing the activity of the entire gastrointestinal tract and exerting a sparing effect on the organs of the digestive system, including the intestine.
For the treatment of proctalgia, the patient is necessarily referred to a psychotherapist for analysis and normalization of the psycho-emotional state, since it is believed that the main cause of this pathological condition lies in frequent stresses and depressions.
Additionally, the patient is prescribed a course of sedatives, during exacerbation, novocainic blockades are made to relieve pain and microclysters with anesthetic solutions, massage.
In any case, treatment of pain of the pelvic organs and the gastrointestinal tract is carried out only in the complex and only after a thorough diagnosis. For full recovery, it is first necessary to eliminate the factors that trigger the appearance of this symptom or the disease itself. That is why, with recurrent pain in the rectum, it is very important to consult a specialist in a timely manner.
Early diagnosis and early detection of diseases increases the chances of complete recovery, reduces the duration of treatment and helps prevent the risk of developing dangerous complications.