The process of implantation of the embryo occurs a few days after the egg has been fertilized by a sperm cell. During it, the ovum is attached to the wall of the uterus, to its mucous – endometrium. This process may be accompanied by a certain characteristic symptoms, visible both visually and perceived. However, such symptoms may be absent, because it is not a diagnostic sign. However, sometimes sensations during the implantation of the embryo into the uterus play an important role in diagnosing the course of the process, especially in cases when they are not appropriate.
Implantation is the process by which a fertilized egg, having spent some time freely in the uterus, is finally attached to the endometrium of its cavity with the help of special outgrowths. It is in this place that the fertilized egg, and then the fetus, will remain and develop the entire pregnancy, and it is there that the placenta is formed, the initial stages of presence that are already visible at the time of insertion.
Feelings during implantation
What sensations arise during the implantation of the embryo in the uterus? It is important to understand that the accession of the ovum, which occurs about a week after fertilization of the egg or after the embryo has been transferred to the uterus (in vitro fertilization), results in injury to the endometrium with spikes of the ovum. Although such an injury is minor, it is nonetheless able to be accompanied by a certain symptomatology. But symptoms, of whatever kind, occur only in 30% of cases, in 70% of pregnancies, a woman does not notice the passage of this stage:
The attachment has the following external features:
- Spotting, very insignificant in normal conditions, for only a few hours or at all at once;
- Blood in normal vaginal secretions.
A number of subjective signs may appear. These are the sensations after embryo implantation, such as:
- Mild pain in the lower abdomen (sometimes it can grow to medium intensity), lasts 2-3 days;
- Feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen;
- Some tingling sensations are felt in the mammary glands;
- An unpleasant metallic taste may be present in the mouth for about one day;
- Mild nausea or subjective and very slight signs of food poisoning;
- Increase in body temperature to about 37.5 degrees without deterioration of health.
On the part of general well-being, symptoms such as fatigue, general weakness and deterioration of well-being are possible.
Sensations after implantation
Implantation itself takes about less than one day. But some unpleasant symptoms persist after it, for example, for another one or two hours there may be spotting. Also for a couple of days, you may continue to have heaviness and pain in the lower abdomen. Tingling in the chest is more or less permanent. Nausea appears in its form, which is characteristic of pregnancy.
The transfer of embryos to the uterus during in vitro fertilization is often not accompanied by any symptoms, since the organ is more prepared for the changes that will occur than during natural conception.
Deviations from the norm
Deviations from the norm can be pain and bleeding, which persist even 10-12 days after ovulation, that is, several days after the implantation of the embryo into the uterus. In addition, a strong increase in temperature serves as an alarm signal, since this may indicate that the symptoms are caused by an inflammatory process, and not by the attachment of the ovum.
The absence of any sensations, both during attachment and after it has taken place, is not considered to be any negative symptom. This is the normal state of the body.
One should not consider the presence of any sensations during implantation as a reliable sign of the presence or absence of pregnancy. Embryo attachment may or may not be accompanied by any symptoms. Simply put, if there was no pain a week after ovulation, it does not mean that the woman is not pregnant. Just as their presence can be caused by various reasons, including pathological ones.
Care should be taken to signs deviating from the norm. Because they can be both a sign of implantation going on normally and at conception, and a sign of any pathology in the absence of conception. In the event of symptoms that are clearly not in accordance with the norm, in any case, you should immediately consult a doctor, regardless of whether the patient planned or not the pregnancy.