Ear otitis is an ENT disease of the organ of hearing, characterized by inflammation of one of the ear sections connected to each other.
The causes of ear otitis can be very different, ranging from mechanical damage and improper personal hygiene, to serious complications arising against the background of acute respiratory diseases, cold and flu.
Few people know, but even the usual runny nose in the running form can be the beginning not only of sinusitis, but also ear otitis.
Let’s take a closer look at what is otitis and what types of this disease are found.
The structure of the human ear is divided into three interrelated parts, which have the following names:
- outer ear;
- middle ear;
- inner ear.
Depending on which specific part of the body the inflammatory process takes place, in medicine it is customary to distinguish three types of otitis:
Ear otitis: symptoms of the disease in children
Otitis in children (see photo on the left) occurs much more often than otitis in adults, whose symptoms are identical. First of all, it is connected with the structure of separate tissues and parts of the organ of hearing that is not fully developed.
Also, the symptoms of ear otitis (also called middle ear inflammation) are observed in children with reduced immunity or due to complications of viral, catarrhal diseases, and flu.
As noted above, the disease is divided into three types. Each type of otitis in adults and children has its own symptoms and signs.
With otitis externa, The reasons for which are often violations of the rules of personal hygiene of the child, microtraumas of the ear shell, internal boils, are observed:
- increased body temperature (up to 39 ° C);
- child’s refusal of food;
- moodiness and irritability;
- poor sleep;
- unreasonable crying;
- swelling and redness of the auricle;
- the appearance of small bubbles on the skin around the ear;
- earache constant or when touched;
- enlarged parotid lymph nodes.
With otitis media, which most often occurs on the background of ARVI, as well as in children with reduced immunity, the following symptomatic picture is observed:
- continuous crying;
- lack of sleep;
- the child’s desire to rub or scratch the ear (rub on the pillow);
- refusal of food;
- pain response when pressing on the trestle (external aurus cartilage);
- elevated temperature;
- purulent discharge from the ear, possibly mixed with blood (with the purulent form of acute otitis media).
With internal otitis, manifested much less frequently than the two previous forms, but at the same time being much more dangerous than them as a result of complications of otitis media or against the background of a common serious infectious disease, the following symptoms are characteristic:
- elevated temperature;
- noise in ears;
- loss of balance;
- hearing loss.
The characteristic symptoms of ear otitis will help the parents to diagnose the manifestation of the disease, but this does not give the right to self-medicate. At the first manifestations of middle ear inflammation, it is necessary to seek help from an otolaryngologist, who, based on the real clinical picture, will prescribe the correct treatment.
Ear Cold Symptoms in Adults
In contrast to children, ear otitis, the symptoms of which are known to many of us since childhood, in adulthood it happens much less often and is mainly the result of hypothermia, violations of personal hygiene and complications after suffering a viral catarrhal disease.
It is much easier to diagnose a disease in an adult than in a child in the first place, because it can describe the whole picture in detail, including the strength of pain in the ears. This will help determine the severity of the disease.
However, only a doctor can prescribe the final verdict and prescribe an appropriate treatment for otitis media, after having carried out a proper examination with the help of special ENT instruments.
Adult otitis is characterized as a cold ear, its symptoms are similar to those of children:
- ear congestion and hearing loss;
- acute or aching ear pain;
- increased temperature (optional);
- headaches and dizziness;
- pains extending to the neck, teeth, temples, forehead;
- weakness and general malaise;
- nausea and vomiting.
In order to avoid the occurrence of such diseases of the ear, proper prophylaxis should be carried out, and then the pain in the ears will not bother you or your children.
How and what to treat ear otitis – doctor’s appointments and recipes of traditional medicine
How to treat ear otitis the otolaryngologist doctor determines by setting the type and extent of the disease.
In any case, first of all, drug therapy is aimed at destroying the bacteria that contribute to the development of otitis. This is done with the help of antibiotics, and these drugs are selected that can not only eliminate the bacterial damage of the body, but also easily penetrate into the tympanic cavity of the ear to the very hearth of the disease.
The most commonly used antibiotics for treating ear otitis – Digran, Flemoklav, Solyutab.
As a local treatment, special ear drops-antiseptics are used, most often in the ENT-practice in the old manner boric acid solution is used.
However, there are a number of other similar drugs of the new generation that can easily and quickly cope with infections.
In addition, these drops often include anesthesia, which helps to significantly reduce and eliminate pain.
One of the best ear drops from otitis are Sofradex, Otipaks, Otinum, Garazon.
In combination with ear drops for otitis, otolaryngologists often prescribe vasoconstrictor nasal drops (Naphthyzin, Nazol, Galazolin, Otrivin and
In addition to nasal drops in the complex, antihistamine (antiallergic) agents may be prescribed to pursue the same goal – removal of mucosal edema. It can be tablets Suprastin, Diazolin, Loratadina and
In the presence of increased body temperature, which often causes otitis of the ear, antipyretic drugs are prescribed, which are also able to partially relieve or reduce pain in the ears. The most safe and effective remedy for temperature is Paracetamol.
All of the above drugs used to treat otitis cannot be considered as a guide to action. The question of how to treat ear otitis yourself should not stand at all. Treatment of this disease, like most others, should take place exclusively under the guidance of a qualified doctor.
With a timely visit to the otolaryngologist and the exact observance of all prescriptions, ear otitis quickly enough without leaving any consequences.
How to treat otitis media with folk remedies
In addition to drug therapy, there are many ways of alternative treatment of otitis media with folk remedies. It must be said that such methods are acceptable for use and are mainly of an auxiliary nature. However, one should not forget that it is possible to apply folk recipes only after consulting a doctor and in no case do not self-medicate in order to avoid complications and irreversible consequences.
Depending on the form and degree of the disease, ear otitis is accompanied by symptoms of a different nature, and based on them, various recipes of traditional medicine are applied.
Recipe number 1. For example, in order to reduce tinnitus and prevent the development of otitis, it is recommended to chew the buds of fragrant carnation or prepare a decoction based on them, keeping the proportions of 15 grams of carnation 100 grams of hot water for 15 grams and take it in a teaspoon 2-3 times throughout the day.
Recipe number 2. When hearing loss after otitis transfer is recommended, it is recommended to brew daily and drink tea from rose petals (red) for two weeks, which will help restore hearing in a short time.
Recipe number 3. To cure external otitis, you should take the root of devyasila, ignite it on the fire, and then grind it in a coffee grinder and mix it with a small amount of sheep fat. Lubricate cooked ear ointment while otitis ear shell until full recovery.
Recipe number 4. To reduce the symptoms of acute otitis will help tincture of sweet-bitter nightshade. For its preparation, you must take 2 tablespoons of chopped herbs and pour 100 g of vodka. Insist for a week, after which wadded turunas soaked in the agent 2-3 times a day should be injected into the ear.
You can also make an infusion. To do this, pour a tablespoon of grass with a glass of boiled water. Insist for an hour and apply as in the case of tincture, in the form of pledged turundas.
Recipe number 5. Glycerol with alcohol can help reduce severe ear pains with otitis. It is necessary to combine both ingredients in equal proportions (1: 1), moisten the turunda in this mixture and lay it in the sore ear.
Recipe number 6. On the question of how and how to treat inflammation of the ear, many will give an unequivocal answer – dry heat.
This is a really effective method for acute otitis media, which is widely used in medicine (blue lamp, UHF).
It can also be used at home if your ear is inflamed. To do this, take the usual table salt, heat it in a clean, dry frying pan and cover it in a linen bag.
After additional folded tissue several times, it is necessary to warm up the sore ear for 30 minutes.
It is important to know
You can not warm the ears with dry heat at elevated body temperature and purulent discharge from the ears.