Monthly after helix, installation or removal, are broken and are not as usual. In most cases delays occur from two weeks to two months. How to restore the menstrual cycle, we consider in this article.
What is a female spiral
Intrauterine device is the most popular and most effective type of female contraceptive at the moment. This phenomenon is explained quite simply: first of all, this IUD only needs to be installed and everything, next time only to be removed at the end of the period of use, that is, you do not need to constantly take care not to miss, remember to take for contraception, as in hormonal pills. And of course, the IUD is very effective, reliably protects against unwanted pregnancy.
Intrauterine devices exist in two types: hormonal (Mirena) and containing metal, as a rule, they are coated on top with copper, silver or gold. By themselves, intrauterine devices have a size of 3×4 centimeters, in most cases look like the letter T, since it is this form that is closest to the structure of the uterus. By themselves, they are either plastic or plastic with metal. And women often ask questions that concern them, what happens to the monthly after the installation of the Navy and after its removal. Consider these questions in more detail.
The virtues of the uterine spiral
The Navy has many advantages:
- Low price
- After removal of the IUD from the body, reproductive ability is quickly restored.
- Can be used even when breastfeeding.
- A very high degree of contraception can be compared with a condom, since it prevents 98% of unwanted pregnancies.
- Unlike the same hormonal pills, the hormonal background of the woman does not change
- The spiral can be taken for a very long time, from 3 to 10 years.
- Installation and removal is easy.
- It does not bring discomfort, it is not felt both in everyday life and during sexual intercourse.
- There is no need for oral contraceptives.
Classification of uterine spirals
When choosing the intrauterine device, the doctor relies on the physical condition of the patient and the unique structure of the uterus. Now there are over 50 different types of devices. They were improved not immediately, but gradually, therefore, intrauterine devices have 4 generations at once. Consider them all in more detail.
- 1st generation. Inert. These are the very first intrauterine devices, invented about a century ago. Of course, these are the very first spirals, and therefore they have very low efficiency, and they can also easily move or even fall out, which is why such devices have been banned in many countries of the world. The brightest and most famous representatives: Lipps loop, made of plastic in the shape of an English letter S; Ring Mauha, made of steel and has two curls; spiral Saf-T-Coil, double; Dalcon’s shield.
- 2nd generation. Copper. Semi-oval or device in the form of the letter T, the main rod wraps around the wire from copper. It is very easy to put and shoot. Due to the presence of copper in the uterus, an acidic environment is formed, which kills all sperm activity. Such contraceptives put for a period of 3 to 5 years. The most popular models of spirals are: Multiload, Nova T, Juno Biot and Para Grand.
- 3rd generation. Silver. To extend the life of contraceptives and delay the oxidation of the metal, in the third generation IUD, silver was used instead of copper. But these are not all the advantages of a silver Navy over a copper one. Improved spirals have even stronger protection and, moreover, silver ions have a beneficial effect on the female body, because they have an antibacterial and disinfecting effect. Contraceptives silver or silver with an admixture of copper have a period of validity of 5 to 7 years. Gold IUDs also belong to the 3rd generation and are an alternative to the silver and copper IUDs and are an improved version of them.
- 4th generation. Hormone-containing. Doctors believe this generation IUD is the best remedy for an unwanted pregnancy. These spirals also have the shape of the letter “T”, but at the same time, on its leg, instead of a metal spiral, there is a hormonal drug, progesterone or levonogrestrel, and it is gradually and evenly released into the uterus. This method of contraception has no contraindications, because hormones do not reach the blood, exerting only a local effect, slowing down ovulation, at the same time reducing inflammation, and, of course, does not allow you to get pregnant. These IUDs use only 5 or a maximum of 7 years.
It is impossible to say which of the forms of the spiral is more effective, the type of the spiral is chosen from the preferences of the woman and on the advice of the doctor because of the unique structure of the uterus, which, of course, is the most important when choosing a form.
There are only three basic forms of the Navy, and each of them has its own characteristics:
- T-shaped. This form of the Navy is the most popular among the female population. They themselves are very convenient, and also are easy to install and remove. This IUD looks like a pivot from which two flexible tendrils or shoulders extend. Due to just these shoulders, the spiral is attached inside the uterus. In the lower part of the rod is attached thread, with which the gynecologist will be able to remove the spiral.
- In the form of a ring. The modern form of the Navy, which is recommended, especially for women who have an abortion. It is made of plastic and contains silver, gold or copper. This IUD is well fixed in the uterus and is also easily removed, and therefore the presence of a string on them is not a mandatory item.
- Loop or umbrella. The umbrella-shaped dome on the outside has notches, similar to spikes, with their help the IUD and fastens in the uterus, while not threatening to fall out at the wrong moment. This type of helix is usually used with a non-standard form of the uterus, in which it is impossible to install the most common T-shaped intrauterine device.
How to install a spiral
With a short and easy procedure, the doctor will install a spiral in your uterus. If you want to make sure that the helix is installed, you can feel the plastic threads of the helix with your fingers directly into the vagina.
When the device becomes unnecessary or you want to conceive a child, simply ask your doctor to remove it, and the childbearing function will immediately be restored.
The principle of operation of the uterine spiral
The metals that the intrauterine device contains are very destructive to sperm. When the IUD, viscous thick mucus is secreted, which retains sperm, preventing them from reaching the egg. Devices containing hormones suppress ovulation in principle. And if all the same fertilization has occurred, then the spiral reinforces the contraction of the uterus, the egg cell dies and the pregnancy does not occur.
Most Popular Spirals
Consider the most popular intrauterine devices in women in more detail:
- Mirena, a hormonal IUD, is considered the most effective of its kind. It is a T-shaped intrauterine device. Mirena cost ranges from 7 to 10 thousand rubles.
- The multilode is an umbrella-shaped IUD containing copper winding. It can also be installed to girls who have not yet given birth. It costs from 3.5 thousand rubles.
- Nova T. As the name implies, this IUD is also T-shaped. Have a copper winding, in more expensive versions has an admixture of silver. The cost of 2 thousand rubles.
- Juno is the Belarusian Navy, of which there are many different variations for mothers who have already taken place, and for girls who have not yet given birth. The price range varies from 250 to 1 thousand rubles.
Disadvantages and side effects of intrauterine devices
Of course, there are drawbacks to the spirals, and there are only three of them:
- with a helix, in contrast to the use of a condom, there is no protection against genital infections;
- only a doctor can deliver and remove a spiral;
- After installing the intrauterine device, side effects may occur.
Intrauterine devices are one of the safest contraceptives in terms of side effects, since in 95% of cases the use of the IUD passes without any complications. However, it is extremely rare, but nevertheless, the development of endometritis and perforation of the uterus can occur.
There are cases when the installation and use of the IUD is contraindicated:
- If there is a suspicion of pregnancy.
- You have several sexual partners.
- If you have a disease of the cervix or pelvic organs in acute form, including STIs.
- If in the last three months there have been inflammations of the pelvic organs.
- When vaginal bleeding is not associated with menstrual.
- With uterine myoma, which grows rapidly if the myoma node has deformed the shape of the uterus.
- In cancer of the genital organs.
- With severe anemia.
- At high risk of contracting an STI.
Preparing the body to install the spiral
First of all, preparation begins with a trip to the gynecologist, who will look at the general state of health, the indications and contraindications associated with the installation of the helix, with possible side effects, the duration of the installation and other various nuances. Before installing the spiral, there must be no sexual intercourse for at least 24 hours. Do not douche and use any of the chemicals for intimate hygiene. And also two days before the installation of the Navy can not use:
- vaginal candles.
At the slightest suspicion of pregnancy, be sure to pass the test. In the case of a positive result, the doctor is entitled to refuse to install the spiral. With a negative result, you should also pass a smear for the presence of diseases or genital infections.
If a woman is healthy and not pregnant, the doctor can install an IUD. The easiest way to put the spiral is two to three days before menstruation, because at this time the cervix is as open as possible.
After examination, the gynecologist fixes the cervix with a special device and inserts the helix. Infrequently, but it happens that this procedure is accompanied by sensations as before menstruation, which at the same time pass quite quickly. To avoid any infection, the doctor prescribes antibiotics.
To ensure that the spiral remains firmly fixed, preventive examinations are appointed: one month after installation, then six months later, and then once a year.
Mandatory rules of conduct after installation of the Navy, which must be observed the first 5 days:
- exclude sex;
- avoid douching;
- refrain from taking a hot bath;
- do not lift heavy or go in for sports;
- Do not drink medicines that have acetylsalicylic acid;
- in any emergency cases immediately contact the attending gynecologist;
- It is not advisable to use tampons during menstruation, it is best to choose pads.
Monthly after installation of the spiral
In fact, everything will depend on the established spiral. For example, with the introduction of metal-containing spirals menstruation will change as follows:
- the amount of blood secreted increases, and the duration of menstruation also increases. Often, but not always, women notice that during menstruation the pain has increased;
- before menstruation, after them and between them bloody spotting begin to stand out.
But do not be afraid, because these unpleasant symptoms appear only from three months to six months from the date of installation. Then they pass, and the menstrual cycle returns to normal. But if the monthly with a spiral come irregularly, and at the same time there are severe pain, then the spiral must be urgently removed.
The nature of the menstrual period after the installation of the hormonal IUD is in most cases completely different from the changes that occur after the installation of non-hormonal, containing metal. Most often, menstruation becomes shorter in time, and the discharge itself becomes more scarce. Often women note delays, and in 20% of periods they disappear altogether. And this happens because the helix, which has hormones in itself, suppresses the development of the mucous tissue in the uterus.
Do not be afraid, menstruation will recover after the spiral is removed from the body. These changes are actually not dangerous, on the contrary, it improves the life of a woman. For example, the hormone coil Miren is used to treat intrauterine bleeding.
Menstruation after removing the spiral
Remove the spiral is best in the last days of menstruation. It is worth remembering that sex a few days before the removal of the IUD can lead to conception, so you need to take care of additional protection. After the expiration of the service life, the helix is removed so that there is no risk of the IUD growing into the tissue of the uterus, so that there is no infection and no reproductive possibilities are lost.
Monthly after the removal of the spiral can come as usual, but most often the body needs time to restore the cycle. The usual delay time is 2 weeks, but sometimes it can go up to several months. This mainly depends on the period of wearing IUDs, age, and after hormonal IUDs the recovery lasts longer, affects the degree of thinning of the endometrium, stress during removal of the IUD, and the abolition of contraception. But it can also affect malaise, as well as hormonal and inflammatory genital diseases.
If a woman has had sex before removing an IUD, then a pregnancy is possible, also ectopic, especially if there are diseases or there have been IUD operations in the past, then it would be useful to do a test. Most monthly come after a month or 40 days after the removal of the IUD, if there are hormonal disorders, then menstruation can go abundantly.
IUD affects the endometrium, the maturation of the egg, it greatly affects the work of the ovaries, it provokes abundant secretions:
- inflammation in the reproductive system, this is the most common cause;
- damage to the uterus. Although the removal is easier and faster than the introduction, the risk of injury to the uterus still remains. Sometimes parts of the IUD may remain in the uterus, in which case the discharge will begin immediately and the pain will remain and intensify.
Menstruation after the spiral is often noted scanty. This is normal, because sexual functions were suppressed. If there is bleeding after removing the helix, then you should immediately consult a doctor.