Menstruation is accompanied by many processes in the body of a woman. Coordinates the entire monthly cycle of the central nervous system, regulate sex hormones. If one of the links is malfunctioning, the nature of the discharge, the duration of menstruation, changes. If the monthly go with blood clots – the norm or deviation? What does this picture indicate?
Clots – normal
From the first day of menstruation the next monthly cycle begins. A new egg is being born, which is to develop before and after ovulation. In parallel, the uterus is prepared for the adoption of a fertilized egg. Under the influence of hormones, the formation of an additional layer of the uterus – the endometrium. If fertilization does not occur, the uterus begins to dispose of it. He makes cuts, pushes all the excess out. Together with the blood out the remnants of the endometrium of the uterus. Hence the monthly blood clots.
In addition, during the critical days, the woman tries to lie more, sit, move less. This slows down the process of blood out. Being inside the vagina it folds. On the gasket, you can notice discharge with clots. Usually they appear in the middle of menstruation, or at the end. Evidence that the blood ceases to vigorously stand out, the uterus of the epithelium is cleared completely.
If the discharge of blood does not differ from the monthly periods, does not bother the pain, unusual discomfort, there is no reason for concern. Discharge with blood clots is normal.
Sometimes heavy periods with blood clots accompany a woman due to pathological abnormalities. For such a state, this is the norm, but in general it is a deviation. These include the structure of the uterus with septa. The blood during menstruation is delayed inside, quickly collapses, there are discharge with blood clots. And also uterus bipedalism. This abnormal phenomenon causes heavy periods with clots, accompanied by severe pain. The problem is solved surgically.
If the discharge during menstruation is very different from the usual, you can suspect pathological processes in the body or gynecological disease.
Hormones are responsible for the entire process of the menstrual cycle. In the first phase, the development of the egg provides the hormone estrogen. Under his influence, the uterus forms the endometrium. In the second phase, progesterone takes precedence. The hormone contributes to the strengthening of the fertilized egg to the walls of the uterus – prepared endometrium. If fertilization does not occur, progesterone provokes menstruation. Hormonal imbalance leads to a failure of the entire reproductive system. The situation may arise in different ways. The uterus forms an extra layer of the endometrium, the onset of menstruation is delayed. The result is profuse or scanty menstruation with blood clots. In the first case, the main cause of a large number of clots and heavy menstruation is the layer of the endometrium. In the second – coagulated blood.
Hormonal imbalance does not mean that the cause of the failure is the disruption of the reproductive system. For the production and normal functioning of hormones are responsible:
- adrenal glands;
The level of hormones is determined by means of a blood test, which is given on certain days of the monthly cycle. With hormonal imbalance, monthly discharge with blood clots is always dark, accompanied by lower abdominal pain, fever, nausea. With an insufficient amount of progesterone, menses are scarce. With excess – copious menstruation. Violation of hormonal balance occurs during menopause. Then the monthly stop to be regular, and the discharge is accompanied by blood clots. The problem is solved by taking hormonal drugs.
Diseases of the reproductive system are often accompanied by symptoms of varying severity. But sometimes a violation of the menstrual cycle and discharge with blood clots are the only sign of a pathological process in the body.
- Endometriosis – the cause of clots
A fairly common disease among women of any age. The main cause of pathology is hormonal failure. Endometriosis refers to diseases of the uterus. The body produces an excessive layer of the endometrium that extends beyond the borders of the uterus. All this is accompanied by aching pain on the eve of menstruation or during menstruation. Discomfort during intercourse. Endometrial detachment causes heavy menstruation with blood clots. After menstruation, the aching pain remains. The situation can occur once, or be repeated every month. What is a serious reason to consult a doctor. The disease may become chronic, will make itself known periodically. Endometriosis is one of the causes of infertility.
The disease of the genital organ, characterized by the presence of benign formations. Gynecologists share myoma, fibroids, fibroids. Depends on the location of the tumor, and the tissues that are involved in the formation. In severe cases, the tumor can turn into a malignant form. Often the cause of the disease is a hormonal failure. Very often, fibroids appear in women after 40 years before menopause. But may be present in women of childbearing age. The main danger of the disease is the absence of symptoms. In addition to the unusual discharge with blood clots, the woman at first does not bother anything. Fibroids may disappear over time, or grow in size. Amenable to hormonal treatment. In the case of overgrowth, the tumor is surgically removed. It is very important to identify the disease in a timely manner. Then the treatment will be much more effective. The tumor interferes with the free flow of blood during menstruation. It collapses even inside the penis. Discharge appears on the pad with blood clots.
- Endometrial polyposis
More recently, the cause of the disease, doctors believed abortion, childbirth in adulthood. Currently, cases of polyps in young women who have not had an abortion have become more frequent. Small tumors grow on the walls of the uterus. They provoke profuse bleeding, the formation of clots. In addition, there is pain in the lower abdomen, daub with brown secretions throughout the entire monthly cycle. One of the causes of the disease is hormonal failure, but the most important is the mechanical effect.
- Varicose veins of the pelvis
The disease can develop at an early age. Sometimes suspect health problems allow heavy periods with clots. There are no more accumulations of blood, but the presence of mucus. At a young age, menstruation is abundant. As they grow older, pain is added.
The reasons for the appearance of menstruation with clots are many. Recognize yourself at home is impossible. It is necessary to undergo examination, diagnosis, a long course of treatment.
Photo of abnormal discharge with large clots in diseases of the uterus
The presence of intrauterine device
Not all women are hormonal contraceptives. And some intentionally do not want to use them, for fear of changing the appearance and state of health. The intrauterine device is a common contraceptive among women who have given birth. It is recommended to install it 6 months after delivery, but some ladies put the helix after 2 months. The spiral is installed in the uterus, does not cause discomfort, is not felt when moving. But it is perceived by the body as an alien object.
The spiral affects the nature of the discharge during menstruation. The first 3 months there is an adaptation of the body and the reproductive system to the contraceptive. At this time, the monthly become abundant with clots. Duration more than 7 days. Special pain is not felt, there is a general weakness, malaise. In some cases, dizziness is observed. In the period between the months can be observed brown discharge, a small amount of clots. Within 3 months, menstruation returns to normal. Sometimes the amount of blood released and the duration of critical days become the same.
If the situation with clots and heavy bleeding recurs, you should consult a doctor. The presence of other painful sensations along with copious secretions may indicate inflammation. The cause of the disease and discharge with the presence of a large number of clots is a spiral.
Abortion, childbirth, miscarriage – monthly chunks
The reason for the abundant discharge with the presence of clots may be an abortion, made previously. This may be the body’s response to hormonal failure and physical intervention. IL ilk to indicate incomplete removal of the embryo, the presence of the inflammatory process. A similar situation with the rest of the fetus can occur due to a vacuum abortion, or a mini-abortion with the use of tablets. Abundant menstruation with the presence of clots and with chunks when scraping – a consequence of injury to the body.
After giving birth, a woman has to go the way of restoring the monthly cycle. All sorts of deviations are possible with delayed menstruation, violation of the duration of menstruation. Abundant bleeding with clots is also possible. The situation should not be ignored. It is necessary to visit a gynecologist to exclude diseases and pathological processes.
Miscarriage or arbitrary termination of pregnancy often occurs in the first 12 weeks after conception. Sometimes a woman does not know at all about pregnancy, and after a short delay of 1-3 weeks her period begins. In this case, the selection is more abundant than they were before. The consistency is not uniform with blood clots. It is advisable for a woman to undergo an ultrasound scan to make sure that the uterus has cleansed itself. In other cases, an additional curettage is performed.
Preparations for calling menstruation
Free access to the Internet made it possible for a modern woman to solve her problems without the help of a doctor. The situation with the delay of monthly is discussed on the forums. In the same place, women give each other advice on how to cause menstruation. It is not difficult to guess that menstruation can linger for many reasons. The solution to the problem is purely individual. Meanwhile, women go to the pharmacy, buy drugs to call monthly.
Menstruation with clots – the result of using Duphaston, Norcolut. This is the most common remedy for women. Take the pills must be 2 times a day for 10 days. At the end of the period come monthly. In some women, this happens after 3-5 days of drug use. Similar tablets contain a large amount of progesterone. If the body is disturbed by the balance of hormones, and the delay is not associated with a lack of progesterone, the drugs will cause heavy menstruation and clots (pieces of blood).
Menstruation with blood clots should not be overlooked. A woman should analyze the situation, the amount of discharge, to assess the general state of health. If the situation is a concern, you should visit a gynecologist. In most cases, the problem is solved by qualified treatment. Independent efforts will not bring results.