To understand whether the normal phenomenon of menstruation and pregnancy, you need to take into account the duration of pregnancy. Already considered normal is that women go monthly in early pregnancy. Fertilization of the egg occurs mainly in the middle of the menstrual cycle, while the fertilized egg travels through the fallopian tube for about 7-14 days, the hormones have not changed much, the body continues to work as before, and then menstruation comes, and most often the woman does not suspect that it is already monthly during pregnancy. Consequently, the monthly in the first month of pregnancy, or rather the first month of pregnancy – this is not a reason for experiences. By two months, the monthly must stop.
Yet in certain situations that are no longer considered the norm, menstruation during pregnancy is possible in the later periods, for example, due to the low level of hormones, namely estrogens, in the future mom’s body. Their deficiency causes bleeding precisely when the idea was to be menstrual. Nowadays, most women have hormonal disorders, so menstruation during pregnancy in the first few months is a very common situation. However, hormonal imbalance during pregnancy is not considered normal, but menstruation at this time is not threatening for the fetus.
The difficulty of this situation lies in the fact that due to the fact that menstruation goes, a woman does not know about her pregnancy. Only strong toxicosis can help a woman to suspect about pregnancy and consult a doctor. Still, if the monthly come regularly and the pregnancy in this case proceeds quite easily, the woman can write off her ill health to any other health problems and start taking medications, which can harm the baby. And the woman continues to lead the same way of life as before. May drink alcohol and smoke, which will cause severe harm to the fetus. Therefore, women who are sexually active should be advised to be more attentive to changes in their body.
Monthly or bleeding?
In general, during pregnancy, any bleeding, no matter at what time, the reason to consult a doctor. The doctor will examine you, prescribe the necessary tests and take measures to identify the cause and eliminate the disease. It is fair to note that the periods during pregnancy are not periods. For menstruation you can easily take bloodshed, which indicate a more serious deviation,
So, how to distinguish bleeding from menstruation?
Monthly during pregnancy, as a rule, insignificant and not accompanied by pain. They can even begin during the movements of the woman, and the night can stop. But bloody discharge, which may indicate a threatened miscarriage, is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen (pulling), heaviness in the abdomen, lower back pain. They start suddenly and increase in profusion. In this case, it is necessary to call an ambulance. And in order to protect yourself and save the life of the future baby, call an ambulance for any bleeding during pregnancy.
Monthly through the fetus
If a woman revealed spotting at any stage of pregnancy, the first thing to do is to consult a doctor immediately. Some serious causes that cause menstruation in a pregnant woman.
The bloody discharge from the future mommy is the first signal for alarm. This anomaly is usually due to the fact that the fertilized egg exfoliates. Due to this fact, the fertilized egg can detach from the uterine wall (fully or partially).
Why is this happening?
- lack of production of the hormone progesterone.
This is due to malfunctioning of the corpus luteum, the hormone is produced in an unnecessary amount and complicates the process. It’s not scary, today there are drugs that eliminate this problem.
Androgen is a male sex hormone. If its level exceeds the normal amount, then the detachment of the ovum begins. This problem can also be eliminated with medication.
- improper attachment of the egg.
– a frozen pregnancy that does not develop a pregnancy, fetal malformations, or genetic changes that lead to abortion. That’s why there are discharge with blood.
It happens that a woman realized that she was pregnant: a pregnancy test showed a positive result, toxicosis and other signs of pregnancy appeared, and then there was bloody discharge. You must immediately undergo a medical examination to identify ectopic pregnancy. Otherwise, the fallopian tube, in which the fertilized egg is stuck, may burst, which can lead to serious problems.
There is another reason for the appearance of bleeding. In this case, everything is normal, the fertilized egg attached in the right place. Just in this case, menstruation occurs. The layer of the uterus, the endometrium, begins to be renewed. Due to the action of hormones, the surface layer of the endometrium separates and causes bloody discharge. This process can occur in part and not affect the fertilized egg. And even in this case, this fact cannot be ignored, because the bleeding may well be a sign of a lack of certain hormones in the body. This also requires treatment.
According to statistics, bloody discharge from future mothers in the early stages is quite common. Most of the women who turned to the doctor in time, successfully bear and give birth to children.
Washing of the fetus
The washing of the fetus is when menstruation occurs during pregnancy at the expected time. This phenomenon sometimes happens for several months during pregnancy. What is the cause of these bleeding? Every obstetrician gynecologist will explain that the causes of this phenomenon are varied.
The woman’s menstrual cycle lasts three to four weeks. From the first days to the very middle of the menstrual cycle, a huge amount of hormones (estrogens) are released in the woman’s body. They contribute to the fact that the egg matures in the ovary and the volume of the lining of the uterus (mucous membrane) increases, so the fertilized egg must be attached. In the middle of the menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs (this is the rupture of the follicle and the release of the egg into the fallopian tube).
If the egg is fertilized, then it is embedded in the mucous membrane of the uterus, grows, after which comes the pregnancy. In this case, the woman’s body has a huge amount of another female sex hormone – progesterone. Progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum, which was formed on the site of a bursting follicle.
If the egg is not fertilized, then during the second half of the menstrual cycle, the corpus luteum dies and progesterone production is stopped. The mucous membrane of the uterus is rejected, without the support of the corpus luteum and bleeding occurs.
Monthly through the fetus
In the first trimester of pregnancy, the ovum is not located throughout the uterus. During attachment of the ovum to the wall of the uterus, the endometrium may be somewhat disrupted. This is what causes bloody discharge. They can periodically continue and not end until the fertilized egg is located in the entire uterine cavity.
When washing the fetus bleeding may be small, dark red, brown or red. Pass themselves, sometimes may be accompanied by minor painful sensations. In this case, no treatment is required. But, of course, you need to understand the situation and eliminate quite serious causes of bleeding. For this you need to consult a doctor. To understand whether this bleeding is “benign”, you need an ultrasound scan.
Benign bleeding can also appear in case of violation of the indivisibility of the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix (with cervical erosion, polyps). Erosion can occur during intercourse. It cannot be ruled out that, at first glance, “benign” bleeding may be due to the growth of a malignant tumor.
Monthly do not come
There is no woman who has not experienced a menstruation delay in her life. If a woman lives sexually, and she suddenly has a monthly delay, of course, she doesn’t suspect about pregnancy here.
More women have monthly periods of 10 to 14 times per year. Someone they are less, and someone more often. Menstruation is most often irregular in the first few years after the girl began menstruating. Sometimes it lasts for several years, until the hormones start working properly.
Menstruation may also be irregular at the time of menopause.
Reasons for the delay
Several reasons for which a woman may delay.
- Changes in life: new work, new relationships, changes in the rhythm of life. All this is psychology and comes from the central nervous system, and the cycle can be broken. Most often this happens if you change your daily work schedule to the night schedule.
- Taking any medications.
- The reason may be such a thing as premenopause. If you are on the menopause trail, then menstruation delay is the main symptom.
- Menopause. It occurs, as a rule, in women at the age of fifty years old; nevertheless, it can also occur in young women. Menopause occurs when the ovaries no longer produce eggs, therefore, in women, menopausal delays occur during menopause. Do not worry, this is a natural process.
- Pregnancy. If you live a sex life, and you have a delay in menstruation, then most likely that you are pregnant. And yet, the matter may not always be