Long periods should cause you concern only if there are painful associated factors. The abundance and duration of the cycle is associated with both changes in the hormonal background and pathological problems. In any of these cases, it is necessary to adjust the lifestyle, but in the second, medical intervention is required.
Natural causes of heavy and long periods
Each girl has a normal cycle. On average, the monthly lasts about 4-6 days. The first day or two is a spotting, the next 3-4 days are the most abundant, and then there is a subsequent descent to “no” for another 1-2 days. Thus, even if your monthly period is 7-8 days, three of which are considered the most active, you have quite normal menstruation.
If the monthly delay and lasts 10-14 days, then you need to look at the attendant factors:
- Perhaps you have such heredity. If women in your family have always had such long periods, but no one complains about anything, this is your individual rate of the menstrual cycle.
- Menstruation may last due to improper nutrition., which is accompanied by activating products (coffee, alcohol, etc.). It is enough to change the image of nutrition in favor of fresh vegetables and fruits, as this will immediately affect the duration of the cycle. If this is your case, then the problem is solved very quickly.
- Emotional stress, when it can be observed as a delay of menstruation or their absence for several months, as well as their long duration. If you are just now in a state of stress, then you need to resort to the use of light sedatives for the body to return to normal. As a rule, after stress, the cycle is restored without taking hormones and other serious drugs.
- Climax. When the female body is preparing for a new phase of life, the cycle may well be lost.
- The first 6 months from the onset of menstruation in a teenage girl. This is a natural phenomenon, since young girls are establishing hormonal levels. This will take time, and you should not interfere in this process unless complications arise (lower abdominal pain, unpleasant smell of discharge, fever). Over time, the cycle will align and return to normal. Unless you need to pay attention to the lifestyle, and not to allow hypothermia, to be more stress-resistant, to reconsider and adjust the diet. All this may further increase the duration of menstruation, but if you follow the health, the cycle comes to normal in the first 6-12 months.
Why do menstruation go for a long time?
Bleeding after childbirth is the norm. It is usually associated with the fact that a woman develops anemia, and in the inner cavity of the uterus residues of blood clots can accumulate. Bleeding provokes the excretion of such clots and small remnants of the placenta.
For the same reason, there are abundant and long periods after an abortion or miscarriage, as well as the use of a spiral, hormonal contraceptives.
When the uterine cavity is cleared, the bleeding gradually stops. This is a natural phenomenon, but under the supervision of a doctor you will be safer to go through this short period, and you will be able to make sure that there are no complications.
Diseases causing heavy menses
If the above factors and causes are not your case, then we can talk about a potential disease that provokes a long cycle. Prolonged periods may occur due to:
- poor blood clotting on the background of anemia;
- weak and inelastic vascular walls of the uterus;
- hormonal failure (including the presence of excess weight, a sharp weight loss);
- endocrine diseases;
- the appearance of malignant or benign lesions in the uterus;
- inflammation of the appendages and / or uterus.
If menstruation lasts a long time and is abundant, but is a side factor in the development of another disease, for example, anemia, the gynecologist will prescribe tests and send you to a highly specialized doctor who will work on the true cause of the illness.
Bloating without pathologies
What if there are no apparent reasons for the pathologies, but the monthly ones are long-lasting? Most likely, we are talking about endocrine disruption, hormonal failure or obesity. In such cases, periods last more than 10 days and smear.
In most cases, it is enough to correct the intake of hormones in the body or lose weight, and the monthly cycle will return to normal. You can verify this by dropping only a few kilograms – especially if the body is young, the cycle will quickly return to normal.
Brown discharge – pathology or not?
In order to determine whether you have a pathology or is it a completely natural process, you need to test yourself for a number of signs. Answer the following questions:
- Does the brown spotting go not only after menstruation and / or in front of them?
- The amount of discharge does not decrease with time and remains in the same volume?
- Is the discharge painful?
- Do you feel a fever while there is a brown discharge?
- Do the secretions smell of rot?
If you answered “yes” to all or most of the questions, then you should consult a gynecologist.
Unpleasant smell and pain
In this case, any abnormalities like unpleasant smell and pain should cause you concern. This is a reason to immediately consult a doctor for testing.
As for the painful sensations, they appear in women at the beginning of the cycle and indicate excessive accumulation of blood. Muscles need to cope with such a volume, as a result, and there are nagging pains, but if they arise already at the stage of brown discharge, then an illness – inflammation or pathology of the uterus.
Doctors point out that if the brown discharge lasts a long time without being tied to a specific cycle and does not have painful accompanying factors, this indicates a wrong selection of contraception. In any case, you need to consult a doctor for a course correction.
If you do not have pain, discharge with an unpleasant smell, temperature increase, and the discharge itself lasts more than 2 days, but does not cause discomfort, watch yourself for a couple more days, while:
- limit physical exertion;
- try to minimize emotional stress;
- discard the hot tub;
- make adjustments to the daily menu, removing from it strong drinks, spicy and fatty foods, as well as coffee.
This will be enough to reduce the discharge, and the body returned to normal.
With regard to the duration of discharge, their duration should not exceed 8-9 days, and there should be a gradual decrease in the amount of discharge to the limits of the meager. On average, brown discharge after menstruation, lasting a couple of days without painful factors, is the norm. Large volumes of discharge lasting more than 8-9 days – pathology (cyst, fibroids, endometriosis).
If judging by the above, brown discharge is normal, then you should not be afraid of them. This is a completely natural manifestation of blood clotting.
In those cases when you observe discharge within 7 days, but this is unusual for your body, pay attention to whether there were no concomitant factors provoking excessive monthly activation. Monthly could well be delayed due to:
- psychological stress and stress, prolonged stress;
- the presence of a bacterial infection, the occurrence of which coincided with the passage of menstruation;
- excessive physical exertion;
- long stay in the hot sun during menstruation;
- intimate intimacy;
- taking drugs that negatively affect blood clotting.
It happens that brown discharge appears after some time after menstruation and thus can be independent discharge or preceding the next cycle. Of course, this phenomenon can not be the norm and indicates some kind of pathology of varying severity. Beat the alarm must be in cases where such prolonged discharge is accompanied by pain or an unpleasant smell.
Do not immediately resort to strong drugs, especially if they have not been prescribed by your doctor. Studies have shown that even tempalgin or aspirin to calm pain during menstruation gradually increases the body’s tolerance to medication, and with each new dose of the drug will need more and more. And if you still do not know the true cause of brown discharge, you can only aggravate the situation.
Video: Why do menstruations go long?
A woman can take uterine bleeding for long and heavy periods. The video tells why dysfunctional uterine bleeding occurs and how to cope with this condition.
In most cases, abundant menstruation is the cause of changes in the female body: whether it is childbirth, menopause, heredity, or the restructuring of the adolescent body. But when accompanied by painful feelings, copious periods indicate a developing disease that needs to be treated as soon as possible. Only the gynecologist will help to deal with this.