The menstrual cycle is an indicator of a woman’s health. Regular secretions indicate the proper functioning of the reproductive system, the thyroid gland and the hypothalamus, which gives commands. Deviations in the duration of menstruation always indicate a failure in the body. Disruption of the menstrual cycle can not be regarded as a primary indicator of health status.
Causes of premature critical days
Monthly early due hormonal disruptions or physical impairment. Depending on the original source, premature menstruation is either considered a one-time occurrence that does not cause complications, or a symptom of a disease that requires treatment.
The cycle schedule has not been established.
Irregular monthly occur in girls in adolescence, when the hormonal level is constantly fluctuating, and the body is not accustomed to change. At this time, the early / late critical days are considered a natural process. If the girl does not observe in her additional symptoms, nothing to worry about. Cycle failures occur and in mature women: after childbirth, surgeries, hormone therapy. The attending physician is obliged to inform the patient about possible violations.
Under exposure to stress certain hormones are produced that regulate all processes in the body. First of all, they face the task of maintaining vital functions. Other hormones fade into the background. Shock can send an impulse to the hypothalamus that disrupts the menstruation cycle: in the evening the woman suffered from stress, in the morning she went through periods. A similar phenomenon is explained as follows: under the influence of overvoltage, the body decides to get rid of a possible pregnancy in order to maintain strength in case of continuation of a stressful situation.
Weight lifting and carrying bring the abdominal muscles and uterus in tone. The organ is artificially reduced and the process of rejection of the endometrium starts.
Limited nutrition always causes acute shortage of substances. The body, accustomed to a certain diet, is stressed and forced to throw all existing resources to fill the balance. At the normalization of the menstrual cycle, he directs the force in the last turn. In addition, the production of cortisol is launched.
Sharp climate change
This factor affects the level of hormones and the state of the immune system. The restructuring of the new mode of operation requires tremendous efforts from the body. Lack of nutrients, stress and stress create a reason to break the menstrual cycle.
Onset of pregnancy
Bleeding during presumptive ovulation or a few days later is due the introduction of the ovumand in the internal organ of the woman.
This is a dangerous type of pregnancy, accompanied by bleeding and pain in the attachment of the ovum. With such a pathology fertilized the genital cell is not attached to the wall of the uterus (most often in the fallopian tube) and in the process of growth it tears up the tissues. Bleeding begins, accompanied by severe pain.
Climax, thyroid diseases, deviations in the hormonal system – these pathologies are familiar to women over 40. The older the lady is, the more severe the ailments appear. Stress, physical labor over the years, existing diseases – everything accumulates and leads to disruptions.
Benign tumor in the uterus
Any foreign bodies in the body of a woman become the cause of increased blood flow, activation of the immune system, violate the general scheme of the menstrual cycle, as well as affect the hormonal background.
Pathology of the reproductive system
Inflammation, STDs and Injuries able to cause both bleeding and early rejection of the endometrium. Rough sex or a blow causes discharge, and inflammation and STDs interfere with the functioning of the genital organs, affect the uterus (tone, condition of the mucous membranes and tissues) and lead to early menstruation.
Use of hormonal contraceptives
Such means regulate the hormonal level of women, thereby preventing the conception of a child. Preparations of instant action are taken to break a possible pregnancy immediately after unprotected intercourse. Contraceptives of long-term influence are used continuously, blocking reproductive functions. Depending on the characteristics of the female body and the specifics of drugs, unplanned disruptions in the menstrual cycle is a constant practice. An unexpected violation of menstruation is most often observed in cases where a woman independently selects the drug.
Critical days are followed lower abdominal pain, pulling in the lower back, poured and sensitive breasts. Women have headaches, general weakness of the body, nausea.
Symptoms that need attention:
- change in pain and its dislocation;
- odor and impurities in secretions.
If the nature of the sensations becomes sharp or cutting, they appear on the left or on the right, and when pressing the pain intensifies, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately.
Such traits as dark red color, specific and not pronounced smell, and also absence of lumps are peculiar to excretions. The appearance of blood clots, cheesy white mass, mucus, colored in yellow or green, as well as a feeling of purulent or sour smell indicate deviations.
Nature of discharge
In normal menstruation lasts from 4 to 7 days with a gradual decrease in profusion. If the blood goes for more than seven days, its volume does not decrease, and clots are observed in the secretions, then pathology is suspected.
Fears cause dramatic changes in the nature of the discharge. If a woman’s menstruation has always been abundant, but at some point has become scarce, this is not the norm.
Similar bright red highlights are observed:
- after childbirth;
- as a symptom in diseases of the uterus (endometriosis, myoma, polyps);
- as a result of hormonal failure;
- after scraping;
- during the implantation of the embryo in the uterus;
- with inflammation of the genitals.
Such secretions may indicate the following pathologies:
- hormonal disbalance;
- myoma or endometriosis;
- hemoglobin deficiency;
- inflammation of the pelvic organs.
What to do in such a situation
It is important to determine how critical the condition is.
You need to sound the alarm if you observe:
- severe sharp or cutting pains;
- profuse bleeding for more than seven days.
Discomfort acts as a symptom of ectopic pregnancy and inflammation of the urogenital system, may indicate an STD. The most serious deviation is an ectopic pregnancy, since abundant bleeding with the outpouring into the abdominal cavity is dangerous to the health and life of a woman. Pathology is characterized by the nature of sensations and is found in early pregnancy.
Inflammations are accompanied by high fever, bouts of pain in a certain position of the body or with pressure.
Itching and specific discharge are characteristic of STDs.
Vomiting and dizziness act as accompanying symptoms against the background of exacerbation of the underlying disease.
If you find these signs it is recommended to consult a doctor. The specialist will determine the cause of early menstruation and prescribe treatment if necessary.
Monthly ahead of time is not always a cause for panic. The female body is constantly exposed to stress, which is reflected in the menstrual cycle. Early menstrual periods, which began after tense situations or when climate changes, do not cause concern to physicians. They are single in nature and do not entail complications. It is necessary to be afraid of situations when specific discharge and sharp cutting pains are observed as additional symptoms.