Each of us probably heard about the phenomenon of metabolism. However, not everyone understands the exact meaning of this phrase. Therefore, in the article we will look at what is included in this concept, and also find out which drugs contribute to the proper course of the metabolic process.
What is metabolism
Metabolism, or metabolism, is a combination of chemical reactions in the body that occur from the time nutrients enter it and before they are released into the environment. These processes provide normal livelihoods.
Metabolism consists of two interrelated stages:
- Anabolism. During this process, amino acids, nucleotides, monosaccharides, proteins, nucleotides and fatty acids are synthesized. When this occurs, the formation of cells and components of the body.
- Catabolism. This process is the complete opposite of the previous one, since during it the splitting of its own and food molecules into simpler substances occurs. It is necessary for the release of the energy contained in them.
Both stages of metabolism are equally important, since only their combination can ensure the proper functioning of the whole organism. These processes are regulated by hormones and enzymes. At the same time, the latter act as catalysts during the creation of some substances from others.
The results of metabolic disorders
Metabolic disorders usually occur as a result of failures of any of the body systems. As a result, diseases can occur:
- impaired mental function;
- endocrine gland dysfunction;
- Gyrke’s disease (accumulation of an excessive amount of glycogen in the body);
- hypercholesterolemia (excess cholesterol in the body).
Metabolic agents: list of drugs
As it has already become known, metabolic agents are drugs, the action of which is aimed at improving the metabolic process.
Today there are many such medicines, but not all of them have the same characteristics and effectiveness. Therefore, we consider in more detail the basic principle of the most common drugs, such as:
Metabolic agent Berlition is available in the form of tablets or concentrate for the preparation of injection solution. Its main active ingredient is alpha lipoic acid. Auxiliary components are presented in the form of propylene glycol and water for injection in solution, as well as lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, povidone, croscamelose sodium and hydrated silicon dioxide tablets.
Berlition 300, the price of which is quite high, has an antioxidant, hepatoportive, hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic, hypocholesterpinemic and detoxification effect on the body.
Berlition is prescribed for:
- diabetic neuropathy;
- alcoholic neuropathy;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- chronic intoxication;
- atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels.
In most cases, the tool is used as one of the components of complex therapy.
Contraindications to use are age up to 18 years, the period of pregnancy and lactation, as well as the presence of hypersensitivity to the components of the tool.
The drug can cause side effects such as changes in taste, nausea, vomiting, seizures, heartburn, hemorrhagic rash, thrombocytopathy, a decrease in blood glucose concentration, heaviness in the head, difficulty breathing, and others.
How much is the Berlition 300? Its price is in the range of 720-850 rubles for tablets and 510-720 rubles for ampoules.
The main active ingredient of the drug is taurine. The tool is available in the form of tablets.
When is Dibicore used? Instructions for use include the following options:
- during cardiovascular insufficiency;
- with cardiac glycoside intoxication;
- in the presence of diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2.
Contraindications to the use of drugs are the presence of hypersensitivity to its components and children under 18 years of age. Information about whether the drug is allowed during pregnancy and lactation, the manufacturer is not provided.
There are also side effects that can be caused by Dibicore tablets. The instruction warns that they can appear in the form of allergic reactions.
The main active ingredient of the drug is inosine. It is produced in the form of tablets, capsules or solution for injection.
Metabolic agent Vero-Riboxin can be prescribed for:
- myocardial infarction;
- coronary insufficiency;
- heart defects;
- myocardial dystrophic changes;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- acute and chronic hepatitis;
- ulcerative diseases of the stomach and duodenum;
- poisoning by alcohol or radioactive substances.
Contraindications to the use of the drug are the presence of gout, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug and hyperurkemia. With extreme caution, it is necessary to prescribe Vero-Riboxin to patients with renal insufficiency.
Side effects from the use of funds can manifest in the form of hyperuricemia, exacerbation of gout (subject to prolonged use in high doses), as well as allergic reactions (skin flushing, itching).
The drug is available in the form of tablets and as the active substance contains inosine. The tool has an antiarrhythmic, metabolic, antihypoxic effect.
In what cases is it possible to prescribe the drug Inosine? Instructions for use says that the drug is used for:
- myocardial dystrophy;
- coronary heart disease;
- fatty liver;
- heart rhythm disorders;
- myocardial dystrophic changes;
- cirrhosis of the liver.
In addition, Inosine can be used for the prevention of leukopenia during an operation to remove the kidney and with radioactive radiation.
Contraindications to the use of the drug are the presence of gout, hyperuricemia or hypersensitivity to the main substance or auxiliary components of the drug in the patient.
You may experience side effects as a result of taking the funds, which manifest themselves in the form of itching, skin hyperemia or an increase in the content of uric acid.
The main active ingredient of the drug is methionine. It is produced in the form of tablets.
The tool has a metabolic and hepatoprotective effects, and also participates in filling the deficiency of amino acids.
When is Methionine prescribed? The use of the drug is provided in the presence of liver disease, accompanied by fatty infiltration of its cells. These include hepatosis, acute yellow atrophy of the organ, cirrhosis, toxic hepatitis, intoxication.
It is possible to use the agent for the prevention of toxic damage to the liver with arsenic, benzene, alcohol, chloroform.
Methionine can be assigned as an auxiliary drug during the treatment of diabetes, protein deficiency, atherosclerosis.
Metabolic agent is prohibited for use in patients with hypersensitivity to its components, as well as in the presence of hepatic portosystemic encephalopathy or viral hepatitis. With extreme caution prescribed tablets for patients with renal insufficiency, as there is a risk of hyperazotemia.
Side effects from the use of the drug most often manifest themselves in the form of allergic reactions. In addition, the peculiar smell and unpleasant taste of tablets can cause nausea and vomiting.
Brewer’s yeast is a completely natural and unique product that combines a large number of nutrients. They contain 17 amino acids, including vitamins of the F, K, D, B, E group, minerals (copper, calcium, zinc, iron, sodium, potassium, manganese and others). In addition, brewer’s yeast, the benefits of which are not questioned, is rich in high-grade, easily digestible, high-quality proteins containing amino acids. Present in the tool and fats, carbohydrates, ribonucleic acid.
In modern medicine, there are fresh and dry yeast. In this case, the pharmacies come second only, since they are much more convenient to store.
What is the effect of brewer’s yeast? Their benefit lies in the beneficial effects on the body. For example, the amino acids present in the composition contribute to the renewal of the cells of the whole organism and provide it with energy. Combined with calcium and fluorine, a metabolic tool such as brewer’s yeast, supports the shape of the skeleton, strengthens the bones and contributes to the formation of correct posture. In addition, the tool shows efficacy in the treatment of colitis and enterocolitis, burning and spasms in the intestine, low acidity of the stomach, as well as in the treatment of insomnia.
Brewer’s yeast has found its application in the field of cosmetology – they help to fight against rashes (acne, acne, acne), dandruff and oily skin.
Let’s sum up
Summarizing the above, we can conclude that the processes of metabolism play a very important role in the proper functioning of the body.
Despite the fact that there are many drugs and dietary supplements, the action of which is aimed at improving metabolism, you should first consult with your doctor before using them.