Every person during the life must do a blood test several times. This procedure is carried out in several cases. Sometimes it is just necessary to control the patient’s recovery process, confirm the diagnosis of the disease or conduct a general diagnosis of the body. Through such a study it is necessary to pay attention to all indicators. Very important is the mcv in the blood test. This indicator affects the stability of all vital processes in the body.
Red blood cell content
In the analysis of blood transcript includes the interpretation of all the necessary indicators. One of the most important is the MCV indicator. This is the average number of red blood cells in human blood. If a patient’s quantity is impaired, this indicates that a failure has occurred in the body, and its functioning is impaired. Any deviation from the norm can be triggered by internal processes in the body. In some cases, these are simple diseases (ARVI) that do not cause significant harm to the patient’s health, but quite often serious disruptions in the functioning of the internal organs are caused. In order to accurately determine the number of red blood cells, conducted a detailed analysis of plasma.
Erythrocyte index is a value that the doctor learns after the diagnosis. It makes it possible to determine the amount of substances contained in the patient’s blood. But not always the result of this analysis may be correct. In some cases, too many abnormal red blood cells are found in human blood. This phenomenon occurs with anemia. In this case, it is necessary to use other diagnostic methods, since the analysis for MCV cannot be considered reliable.
The average rate of red blood cell volume is rather unstable. There is no single indicator for patients of all ages. In children, the level of the substance may be too high at an early age, but gradually decrease to a normal level. At the moment, the average optimal indicator for an adult is 4.3-5.7 10 ^ 12cl / l
Deviation from the norm
If the patient’s red blood cell level is lowered, this indicates the presence of inflammatory processes in the body. They can be triggered by dehydration. The presence of fluid in the patient’s body affects the level of MCV. Dehydration can occur for various reasons. Hypotonic fluid may be abundantly excreted by the body or it will not be sufficiently produced in the body itself.
The reason for the decrease in the index can be anemia. Any form of this disease provokes a decrease in the activity of the internal organs and slows down the production of hemoglobin. And the size of red blood cells depends on the presence of hemoglobin in the body. When the body lacks such protein cells, this leads to a decrease in the size of the MCV. The change in the volume of red blood cells is sometimes triggered by blood diseases that are inherited.
If the transcript showed an increased volume of MCV, then this means that there is an insufficient amount of vitamin B12 in the human body. In this case, the size of the components increases. But their number begins to rapidly decline. If the indicator is increased slightly, then this can be explained by the presence of bad habits, such as alcohol consumption and smoking. For women, a slight deviation from the norm is quite natural if she takes hormonal contraceptives for a long time.
If the use of alcohol is a habit for the patient, then an increased indicator may indicate the development of macrocytosis. In this case, the amount of hemoglobin in the blood will be equal to the normal rate. If such a violation is triggered by alcohol intake, the patient is forbidden to drink alcohol for 3 months. After this analysis is done again. If he does not go beyond the average, then the person diagnosed with alcoholism.
If during the analysis of blood decoding shows an increased volume of red blood cells, then this may indicate a progressive myxedema. In addition, the patient may have damage to the bone marrow or liver. The increased volume of the element can be triggered by the partial death of red blood cells. In this case, the patient has severe blood loss and anemia. In rare cases, prolonged use of antidepressants can provoke changes in the body and a malfunction of the internal organs.
There are several types of erythrocyte indexes. All of them are responsible for individual parameters. MCHC is one of several such standards that is responsible for the hemoglobin content in the entire volume of red blood cells. The presence of this indicator is very important for a person. MCHC performs an important function. It lies in the fact that it shows the degree of coloration of red cells contained in the patient’s plasma. In this case, it is not important what part of the protein is involved in transportation, but with what saturation each cell fills.
The average MCHC varies throughout human life. In children, the value will be much lower than in adults, as the number grows older, the number will increase, and when a person reaches the age of 18 – 20 years, the MCHC will reach a normal value. In an adult healthy man, the value should range from
If the hemoglobin in the erythrocyte is elevated, then this indicates the development of hyperchromic anemia in the patient. This disease has nothing to do with hyperchromia, which can be triggered only by excessive cell size, but the level of hemoglobin does not affect its development. Increased rate may be with hypothyroidism, liver disease or cancer. But not only inflammatory processes or the presence of an infection can trigger such an organism reaction. Often elevated hemoglobin levels may be when taking various medication. These include hormonal, contraceptive and vasoconstrictive drugs.
The analysis can sometimes give an incorrect result, and the coefficient can be increased by chance. The cause of the error may be an uneven increase in performance. If the number of red blood cells in the blood is greatly reduced, and the amount of hemoglobin in the cells remains the same, this can lead to an erroneous result.
If the patient has a very low mchc level, this indicates the development of his hypochromia. Also, such a deviation is characteristic of some forms of anemia. Lead intoxication can cause such changes in performance. Often, people with congenital genetic diseases or hypovitaminosis have similar disorders. The mchc level can be lowered if iron metabolism is disturbed in the human body.
Presence of platelets
Mpv analysis is performed with full diagnosis of the patient’s condition, with the detection of prolonged internal bleeding of unknown origin, to study bone marrow lesions and to monitor the success of the treatment. In addition, the study of platelets is aimed at diagnosing the process of blood clotting in a patient.
A mpv transcript reveals the presence of platelets in a person’s blood. These cells are formed in the bone marrow. For a person, the period of their formation, decay and the function they perform is important. Platelets serve to strengthen damaged vascular walls. If, as a result of a violation of cholesterol or other elements, the walls of the organs are attacked and begin to damage, the platelets fill the damaged space and do not allow the destruction to continue.
If the level of platelets in the patient’s plasma turns out to be disturbed, then this explains the reason for the appearance of bleeding and ulcers, which are not filled, but continue to grow, affecting the human internal organs. The analysis is aimed at measuring the number of active elements in the patient’s blood and determining their ability to work. The mpv measurement is included in the standard biochemical blood diagnosis. Such a study can be carried out before surgery or during pregnancy. Often, a separate platelet test is indicated for patients who often have bleeding gums, excessive menstruation or frequent discharge of blood from the nose, as well as unreasonably long bleeding with minor damage to the blood cover.
Reasons for changes in indicators
The number of platelets can be much lower than normal in the event that in the bone marrow there is insufficient production. The more injuries a person receives, the more often the elements are used and destroyed, this also affects their number. Most often, platelet deficiency is observed in immune purpura. In the defense system of the human body fails, and it perceives its own cells as foreign. As a result, the production of antibodies against platelets occurs in the human body. This not only hinders the performance of their main function, but also destroys the elements. Such a reaction may be triggered by a vaccine or a severe autoimmune disease.
Some forms of anemia can help lower platelet levels. Bone marrow tumors and diseases that are accompanied by inflammatory processes, provoke a decrease in elements. This happens due to the fact that when a bone marrow is damaged, stem cells are replaced, and the development of the necessary element is partially stopped. Frequent use of alcohol or drugs, heart disease, disruption of the spleen and liver can provoke a decrease in the level of platelets in the blood.
Increased rate may be in some cases. But such changes are provoked not by inflammatory processes in the body, but by natural processes. Quite often elevated platelet levels in pregnant women, with strong physical exertion, with the use of certain groups of drugs. If the patient has an increased platelet count in the blood, this can be explained by the postpartum or premenstrual period. Experiencing in this case is not worth it. As soon as a person gets rid of the factor contributing to the increase in the index, the number of platelets immediately returns to normal.