Prostatitis is a fairly widespread disease among men (this disease is not threatened by women, since the prostate gland is the sole organ of the male genitourinary system). Only one of the five representatives of the stronger sex never in their lives is faced with a similar problem.
Prostatitis is a male urogenital disease, a mandatory attribute of which is an inflammatory process localized in the prostate gland.
Prostatitis today is so widespread that with almost 100% certainty, every man who has crossed the threshold of 45 years can be considered as sick to them to one degree or another.
Why is it at this age that men’s health problems are activated?
In fact, everything starts much earlier, the modern rhythm of life, saturated with stress, inactive lifestyle, office work in front of a computer, unhealthy diet, systematic use of alcohol and sexual intercourse with frequently changing partners without using contraception – all of these are the very factors , the presence of which gradually leads to inflammation of the prostate.
The symptoms of prostatitis, to which the man first draws attention is usually the following:
- At the beginning of the disease, when the prostate just began to increase in volume, it only squeezes the ureter, which surrounds it like a ring on a finger, only slightly. Thus, one of the first symptoms of prostatitis will be considered a slight narrowing of the ureter, and, consequently, some obstacle to the passage of urine – difficulty urinating.
- The resulting problem is frequent urination. Initially, this manifestation does not cause concern, a man who has never woken up at night may rise to empty his bladder once or twice a night and write it off for an extra cup of tea at dinner. But, over time, the breaks between urination will be significantly reduced.
- The presence of lower abdominal pain is also one of the first symptoms of prostatitis. They may be different in feeling: pulling, pressing, bursting, they are usually disturbed at the end of the day or after any kind of power loads.
- Minor disorders of erection and premature ejaculation, of course, give both a man and his partner some anxiety, but this is also often attributed to fatigue and stress.
Such, seemingly insignificant, disorders of the male genitourinary sphere, without due attention, both from the patient and from the doctor, will inevitably result in big problems, the name of which is chronic prostatitis.
Inflammation of the prostate gland can occur in both acute, bacterial form, and, in the case of an advanced disease, in its complicated, chronic form.
Symptoms of prostatitis in the acute phase of the bacterial form:
- High body temperature, a long time keeping around 39 degrees.
- General weakness, body aches, painful condition.
- Nausea, in especially difficult cases, up to frequent vomiting.
- Severe pain in the perineum, lower abdomen, as well as occasionally in the lower back and testicles. Often, the pain is aggravated at the time of the bowel movement, and mucous discharge from the urethra may also appear during bowel movements.
- During a rectal digital examination, a doctor may reveal an increase in the volume of the prostate gland, a change in its structure – various formations and scars are often palpable.
- Frequent, difficult painful urination. Due to the fact that the inflamed prostate pinches the urethra too much, the man has to strain to start urinating, due to the same reason, in some cases the bladder is not fully emptied, which does not bring proper relief after going to the toilet.
- Sharp pain during ejaculation.
If prostatitis is not treated at this stage, then it is guaranteed to grow into a chronic stage.
Chronic prostatitis is divided into three main types:
- Chronic infectious prostatitis.
- Chronic non-infectious prostatitis.
- Chronic asymptomatic prostatitis.
It is found in most cases by chance, when taking blood tests and finding an increased number of leukocytes or bacteria in it, or when taking a biopsy material from the prostate.
In some cases, inflammation of the prostate is found with open surgery in the prostate gland, or with surgery on it.
Symptoms of prostatitis in its chronic non-bacterial form:
- Abacterial prostatitis has another name, namely “chronic pelvic pain syndrome.” At the same time, the painfulness is constant, monotonous, but variable both in the smaller and in the larger direction. Localization of pain is not constant, it can be the prostate itself, the perineum, pain in the coccyx, testicles, the male sexual organ. During bowel movements, pains are concentrated in the area of the anus and rectum. The increase in the intensity of pain occurs even with minor loads.
- Violations of sexual desire, decrease in libido, unstable erection, periodically disappearing in the process of copulation, as well as early ejaculation. In order to prevent a worsening of the situation, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor, as with timely treatment there is a high probability of a full recovery of the sexual viability of the man.
- Impaired urination. The urge to empty the bladder is quite frequent, but to completely empty it is not always possible – you have to make an effort. The urine stream becomes much thinner, this is due to the presence of initial sclerosing changes in the ureter in the area of the prostate gland.
- Depression, mild or severe depression, apathy, insomnia, or, conversely, drowsiness, as well as fits of anger – these are possible manifestations of psychological disorders in men suffering from prostatitis.
Symptoms of prostatitis in its chronic infectious form:
- Pain syndrome in this case completely depends on the degree of exacerbation of the disease at a particular moment. When the peak concentration of bacteria pain blunt, pulling, continuous, localized in the groin, scrotum, in the lower abdomen, aggravated in a sitting position (especially when on a hard surface), during urination, defecation and ejaculation.
- In remission, in a period of weakening or complete disappearance of other symptoms of prostatitis in its chronic bacterial form, urination disorder, to be more exact, stress when trying to empty the bladder and the inability to do this completely is the only symptom that remains with a man with this disease. At the moment of exacerbation, a man is often completely incapable of urination, since the inflamed prostate simply blocks the passage of urine through the urethra, or urine flows out literally drop by drop.
- Rubbing and pain in the bladder also often accompany the disease in the acute phase. Stasis of urine favors the development of infections and the formation of salt microcrystals that traumatize the bladder wall mucosa. When urinating in the urine there are white threads and flakes.
- Often observed prolonged erection during sleep, but at the time of intercourse, she often weakens to such an extent that it is not possible to complete sexual intercourse. If this did happen, then there may be sharp pain during or immediately after the onset of orgasm, and blood impurities may be noticed in the ejaculate.
- Against the background of all these symptoms, especially during exacerbations, men are often prone to psycho-emotional disorders of varying severity. In most cases, they are depressive, apathetic, unsure of themselves, their thoughts are occupied by the complexity of treatment and fatigue from constant pain. At the same time, increased excitability and even aggressiveness are noted when affecting topics related to the patient’s state of health.
- Patients observed complete picture of general intoxication: fatigue, weakness, headaches, reduced immunity, patients often refuse to eat and constantly want to sit down or lie down.
With a clinical exacerbation of prostatitis, there may be cases of an acute reaction to the inflammatory process in the prostate gland, without accurate diagnosis, as well as proper, adequate and timely treatment, leading to such complications as infection of the blood and even local suppuration sites in the prostate body.
That is why, at the first signs of indisposition, it is recommended that you immediately contact your urologist, and not independently prescribe yourself all kinds of traditional medicine, candles, pills and other drugs, after reading reviews on the Internet. Home treatment is possible only after consulting a specialist, because the price of the issue is your health.
Signs of prostatitis – what to look for?
The symptomatology of many diseases is similar, for example, a disorder of urination can be either with prostatitis or with prostate adenoma. Signs of any disease more specifically describe it, as they relate only to it, avoiding vague wording.
General signs of prostatitis have their own characteristics at each specific stage of the disease. For example, in the acute form of advanced inflammation of the prostate in this glandular-muscular organ, not just purulent inflammations can develop, but also abscess cavities can form. Often, this condition is accompanied by a rather high, not decreasing temperature, cuttings in the lower abdomen, suprapubic region, perineum and upper thighs. Frequent urge to urinate, but at the same time, urine outflow is significantly hampered, since the urethra is compressed by the prostate gland to such an extent that in some cases only medical intervention can help empty the bladder.
These signs of prostatitis are most likely characteristic of people at risk: patients with extremely low immunity, drug and alcohol addicts, and cancer patients.
In most men, inflammation of the prostate gland does not manifest itself explicitly. The latent signs of prostatitis are manifested only by some mild disorders: frequent urination, periodic discharge from the urethra, burning and itching in the ureter, reduced potency, a drop in sperm quality, and, as a result, inability to conceive, as well as pain in the pubic zone, perineum and genitals.
If you do not pay attention to these signs of prostatitis, as a result there can be various negative consequences, for example, significant changes in the body of the prostate itself, up to the need for surgery.
The first signs of prostatitis in men: pay attention to changes
Despite the multiplicity of variations in the manifestation of symptoms of inflammation of the prostate, there is a certain set of signs of the disease, the presence of which should alert the man and prevent the development of pathology.
The first signs of prostatitis in men:
- Increased body temperature, as it is the body’s natural reaction to the inflammatory process.
- Changing the frequency of urination to urinate in a big way (especially at night).
- Uncomfortable sensations in the urethra: appeared burning sensation, irritation, pain when urinating.
- The appearance of filamentous formations of white in the urine.
- Soreness in the lower abdomen.
- Decreased potency, pain during ejaculation.
The first signs of prostatitis in men in chronic form are almost identical to the signs of the acute phase of the disease, but they are additionally joined by a significant reduction in pleasure from intercourse, the so-called “blurred” orgasm, which does not have the same acuity and full satisfaction does not occur. Men can also notice how mucus is released from the urethra during bowel movements.
Secondary signs of prostate inflammation in men
Alas, but finding the first signs of prostatitis, the vast majority of men are in no hurry to go to the clinic, hoping that everything will come back to normal somehow. However, over time, the symptoms will only worsen, and more unpleasant symptoms will certainly be added to the disease.
Secondary signs of prostate inflammation in men:
- Pain when urinating. In extremely advanced cases, blood may appear in the urine.
- Great effort is required to empty your bladder.. A stream of urine is thin and intermittent, a feeling of fullness of the bladder after using the toilet, sometimes only a doctor can help to cope with the stagnation of urine.
- Reducing the quality of erection until the appearance of temporary impotence.
Prostate size for prostatitis
Inflammation of the prostate: symptoms caused by prostatitis and other diseases
Cystitis, urethritis and prostatitis have the same frequent and painful urination with a burning sensation, especially at the end of the process, difficulty in emptying the bladder. In all cases with these diseases, urine may be turbid and contain blood impurities. Often there is weakness, nausea, feverish state.
Adenoma (benign tumor) of the prostate gland and prostatitis for a couple have the following signs of the disease: the prostate is enlarged, pressing down the urethra, it prevents the bladder from emptying completely and easily, the patient has false urge to urinate. A stream of urine is thin, intermittent, does not have the proper pressure, there are frequent cases of congestive processes in the bladder, disturbed night of sleep due to frequent visits to the toilet.
Bladder cancer and inflammation of the prostate: the symptoms of these two diseases are also very similar. Painful urination, pain in the lower abdomen, blood in the urine, a feeling of fullness of the bladder after going to the toilet and chronic fatigue.
How, then, to distinguish the symptoms of prostatitis from the symptoms of other diseases, since they are so similar in their manifestations?
The fact is that the doctor during examination reveals and considers the whole picture of the disease as a whole, complementing it with analyzes, non-invasive diagnosis data and the presence of other symptoms characteristic only of specific diseases. And only having fully assured of the correctness of the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes antibiotics, procedures and other therapeutic measures.