What is wrist hygroma?
Hygroma or, quite simply, a lump on the wrist is a benign formation resembling a cyst. Hygroma is a capsule that is filled with fluid with mucus, as well as fibrin filaments (a type of protein). There may be several such capsules. In this case, doctors call such a hygroma multi-chamber.
This disease causes quite strong painful sensations. In addition, it causes discomfort and from an aesthetic point of view, since the tumor can reach 5 cm in diameter.
Why does a bump appear on the wrist?
It is difficult to say exactly what causes hygrom, but doctors distinguish several groups of people who have such neoplasms most often. First of all, the risk group includes people whose activity is connected with constant small and repetitive brush movements. This may be, for example, embroiderers, violinists, typists, seamstresses. The second risk group is athletes who use their hands all the time – badminton players, golfers, tennis players (especially table tennis players).
Also the formation of cones on the wrist can contribute to injury. If a person sprains a ligament, severely struck his hand or fell on it, he risks finding a hygrom after a while. In addition, you can not discount the hereditary factor. If one of the parents had hygroms, then it is likely that they will arise in the future and in the child.
Wrist hygroma symptoms
At the beginning of its development, the hygroma does not manifest itself at all, and a person may not pay attention to it for several years. However, over time, the tumor develops and increases in size. However, it is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Bump on the wrist, quite dense, but elastic to the touch.
- Under a strong light, hygroma shines like a bubble. Visible fluid that fills it.
- The skin on the hygroma is usually darker and more dense, like a wart.
- When trying to make any maneuvers with a brush (lean on a hand, squeeze it into a fist and
Sometimes one of the symptoms is numbness of the palm and inability to move the fingers (this symptom occurs when the hygroma has reached an impressive size and begins to put pressure on nerves and blood vessels located near it).
Diagnostics of hygroma on the wrist
Diagnosis of hygroma wrist is not difficult. The standard diagnostic procedure includes a visual inspection by the doctor of the lump and the appointment of radiography to confirm the diagnosis. However, sometimes specialists are forced to resort to more thorough diagnostic methods, in particular, to ultrasound, tomography or puncture.
The simplest and most accessible diagnostic method is ultrasound, that is, ultrasound. This inexpensive and painless analysis helps to identify many nuances. With its help, the specialist will clarify the structure of the formation (homogeneous or filled with liquid), and also determine whether there are blood vessels in the hygroma walls, this is very important if surgical intervention is planned.
In case of suspicion of a malignant tumor (nodules), the patient is sent for magnetic resonance imaging. No other research method will give the same accurate picture of the structure of education as tomography. A significant disadvantage of magnetic resonance imaging is the high cost of this procedure.
Sometimes there is a need to diagnose hygrom, like many other educations, by puncture. This type of diagnosis, like puncture, is a puncture of the tumor wall in order to collect the fluid in it for further investigation of this fluid in the laboratory. It is impossible to call the puncture a pleasant procedure, however, it is not very painful either. By sensation, the puncture of the hygroma of the wrist can be compared with blood sampling from a vein, since these procedures are quite similar.
A bump on the outside or on the inside of the wrist – photo of the hygroma of the wrist
Usually, hygroma appears in the area of large joints and tendons on the arms and legs. However, most often it occurs in the wrist area. In this case, there are two options for the occurrence of hygroma.
The first option is a hygroma in the region of the carpal joint. In this case, a bump appears on the outside of the wrist, where it is literally impossible not to notice. The second option is a hygroma of the wrist joint (a joint that combines the forearm and hand of a person). In this situation, the hygroma is located on the inner side of the wrist in the region of the radial artery. It is the second case that is considered the most difficult in terms of removal, since one awkward movement of the surgeon performing the operation and the artery will be damaged, which means that the blood supply to the hand is disrupted.
Hygroma treatment on the wrist – how to cure a lump on the hand
Some people who have found a hygrom in themselves are asking themselves: is it necessary to treat it or, especially, to remove it? There is no clear answer to this question. If the hygroma does not hurt, does not cause discomfort and does not bother the patient from an aesthetic point of view, then there is no urgent need for its removal.
If the lump on the wrist hurts, causes inconvenience or interferes with the normal mobility of the joint, it should be treated as soon as possible. Hygroma treatment is not always a surgical intervention. There are other methods, both traditional and folk. The main thing is not to allow the disease to progress and not to launch a lump to the extent that the operation is inevitable.
Non-surgical, folk remedies and methods of treatment of cones or hygromas at home
For decades, people have found ways to treat hygromy at home, without the help of experts. Of course, if the bump on the wrist causes severe pain, then it is better not to experiment with traditional medicine. But if it does not cause any discomfort, except for aesthetic, then the patient can easily cope with the hygroma at home, using one of the effective methods proven over the years.
- One of the most effective methods is alcohol packs. They are suitable for ordinary alcohol, which is sold in a pharmacy, but it is better to dilute it with a small amount of water. A piece of gauze should be soaked with diluted alcohol, attach it to the cone, wrap with a thick cloth and leave for two hours. During the procedure, the hand can not move. Repeat these procedures need two days in a row, and then two days to rest. Alternate the days of compresses and days of rest you need until the hygroma completely disappears.
- For a long time the hygrom was treated with a copper coin. To do this, the coin should be tied tightly to the bump and walk for at least two weeks. When the bandage is removed, the patient will find that the hygroma has disappeared without a trace.
- For the following recipe, you need to prepare red clay (it is sold in any pharmacy), sea salt and clean water. The proportions of preparation of the folk remedy are as follows: a glass of dry clay, half a glass of warm water, 2 teaspoons of sea salt. As a result of mixing these components should get a viscous substance. It should be applied to the hygroma and rewind tightly on top of the bandage. As soon as the clay dries, the dressing should be moistened with warm water. Such a bandage should stay on the wrist for a day. After that, you need to take a two-hour break and repeat the procedure again. The duration of the entire course of treatment, which will help to completely remove the lump, is 10 days.
Surgical and drug treatment, removal of wrist hygroma
As mentioned above, in the most advanced cases, the hygrom is treated surgically. To do this, the surgeon makes a puncture in the bump, pulls out fluid from it, inserts special hormones inside that prevent the hygroma from forming again, and bandages the arm. In cases when there was suppuration inside the hygroma, an antibiotic is additionally introduced with hormones. Alas, even a modern set of drugs can not give an absolute guarantee that the hygroma does not arise again in the same place. This once again confirms the fact that it is impossible to start this minor, at first glance, disease.
As for the treatment without surgery, which is used in the initial stages of the disease, it can be of several types.
- Ultraviolet irradiation.
- Warm paraffin applications.
- Mud therapy
- Thermal treatment.
A very important point, on which the effectiveness of the procedures depends, is that patients, during the treatment, refrain from their professional activities, which became the cause of the bumps on the wrist.