Diseases of the cardiovascular system – the most common and serious danger. One of the indicators of the functioning of the heart muscle in accordance with the norm is blood pressure. Low heart pressure is a sign indicating the presence of disturbances in the activity of the circulatory system, as well as the nervous and endocrine systems associated with it.
This is a danger signal, which should be promptly responded to prevent the occurrence of chronic diseases. Consider what symptoms may indicate low heart pressure, its causes and consequences.
What is meant by heart pressure?
Blood pressure refers to basic hemodynamic parameters and consists of two parts:
- Upper (heart, systolic), marked at the time of contraction of the heart muscle;
- Lower (diastolic), corresponding to the moment of relaxation of the heart muscle.
Each age has its own ideal indicators, and on average, the top should be 120, and the bottom – 80. Heart pressure 100 for adults is considered low.
Since these factors are influenced by numerous factors (nervous overloads, physical fatigue, etc.), it is more correct to do measurements using a tonometer in the morning. Low heart pressure noted during the day is called hypotension. It is considered a reason to seek help from a doctor.
What does low pressure mean? Its decline occurs if the tone of the blood vessels is weakened. The blood begins to move more slowly, the amount of oxygen supplied to the organs and tissues decreases, a feeling of general weakness and discomfort appears from such “oxygen starvation”.
Lowering indicators can be identified using a tonometer device, as well as on the basis of symptoms:
- weakness, sleepy state;
- pain in different parts of the head;
- dizziness, uncertainty when walking;
- rare pulse;
- cold hands, chill sensation;
- feeling of deterioration of sight, ripples in the eyes, etc.
Causes of low pressure may vary:
- pathology in the structure of the heart;
- a significant decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood;
- CNS diseases;
- disturbances in the activity of the endocrine glands, hormonal diseases or age-related phenomena (including menopause);
- overwork, nervous overloads;
- a decrease in the amount of fluid in the body, triggered by considerable physical exertion, an upset digestive system, or the use of drugs with a diuretic effect;
- stomach ulcer;
- oncological diseases;
- infection of the body, etc.
In children, as well as in women during the period of gestation of a future child, low pressure should not be taken as a pathology, but should be carefully controlled. If the heart pressure is 100 in an adult, he should be well aware of what to take to avoid serious consequences.
It is known that many people have a low pressure of 100–110 mm and at the same time feel great. This is the so-called physiological hypotension, characteristic of children, adolescents, young people, mostly women. Under normal state of health, indicators of 100–110 mm should not cause alarm and apprehension: they do not have any health effects.
With age, blood pressure in a person rises, and even among those who, as a young man, had 100–110 mm, it becomes equal to normal, and in some cases, former hypotonia can also become hypertensive.
Physiological hypotension is not dangerous. Dangerous pathological decline in indicators, in which a person feels unwell, sluggish or notes other disturbing symptoms.
Let us see why low heart pressure is dangerous for human health. If untreated, it can cause a variety of effects:
- decrease in working capacity and vital activity, constant feeling of the general indisposition;
- frequent or persistent headaches of various localization and strength;
- hypotension in chronic form, when the tissues constantly lack oxygen, which is especially dangerous for the functioning of the brain and heart muscle;
- danger of fainting, etc.
To avoid such consequences, it is necessary to start treatment in time. So, if you have low heart pressure, what to take to improve the condition?
Is it possible to raise low heart pressure?
The tonometer shows low heart pressure. What to do at home? In childhood and adolescence, low pressure is easy to raise in simple ways:
- a piece of dark chocolate;
- a cup of strong tea with sugar;
- active walk in the fresh air.
In adulthood, low rates can be normalized with a hot foot bath, a cup of coffee with sugar, or strong tea with lemon.
How to measure blood pressure
What to do to raise at home?
If the patient notes the above symptoms, first of all, you need to measure the pressure with a tonometer. How to increase low heart pressure with home remedies?
A person whose heart pressure is 100 immediately asks what to take, which pills. However, if hypotension is not chronic, you can do without potent drugs. There are many recommendations on how to raise the pressure, which is not a chronic disease, without resorting to medication. A popular remedy is alcoholic tinctures sold in the pharmacy network based on plant and herbal extracts that can improve the overall condition of hypotonia thanks to the substances in their composition:
- tincture of Rhodiola rosea;
- tincture of Chinese magnolia;
- tincture of ginseng root;
Reception of alcohol tinctures is carried out on the recommendation of a doctor for 30 days, three times a day before meals.
In chronic hypotension, decoctions and infusions do not help if the patient has low heart pressure. What to do in severe cases, with prolonged dizziness, in a faint state? In such situations, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor who will prescribe treatment.
In order to maintain the normal state of the circulatory system, preventive measures are important:
- increased lifestyle activity;
- observance of the day regimen (sufficient amount of rest, healthy full night sleep);
- changing the diet with an increase in the number of meat dishes, the inclusion of nuts and chocolate, greens in the menu;
- use a sufficient amount of fluid (at least 2.5–3 liters per day).
These simple ways can improve your health and gradually get rid of hypotension.
What to accept?
How to raise low heart pressure with pharmacological agents? Cardiologist prescribed drugs that increase the tone of the circulatory system, increasing the hemoglobin content in the blood:
- drugs that stimulate the nervous system (Mesocarb);
- analeptic drugs (Cordiamin);
- Nootropic drugs that activate the blood supply to the brain (Phenibut, Piracetam, Aminalon), etc.
Additionally prescribed intake of vitamin complexes.
What drugs to take, can only decide the doctor who completed the full examination of the patient. Independently such drugs should not be taken.
If a patient is diagnosed with low pressure, treatment is a set of measures prescribed by a doctor and carried out under his control. For medication add a tonic massage and physiotherapy:
- cold treatment, etc.
Physiotherapy strengthens the circulatory system, stimulates blood circulation.
What the numbers show blood pressure can be found in this video: