Blood pressure indicators talk about the health of the heart and the entire cardiovascular system. If the tonometer recorded a low lower pressure, it means that the heart muscle pumps an insufficient amount of blood. This phenomenon is characteristic of some heart diseases. For their timely diagnosis and treatment should consult a doctor.
Individual deviations from the norm do not indicate the presence of serious diseases. If the lower limit of blood pressure constantly falls, a special diagnosis is carried out.
The result of the measurement of blood pressure are 2 indicators. The first indicator is heart pressure, the second indicator is vascular. High lower pressure may indicate kidney disease, low upper pressure may indicate heart disease. Blood pressure indicators are individual and depend on lifestyle and the presence of associated diseases. The same blood pressure for one person is the norm, and for another – the cause of serious illness. However, there are approximate pressure rates, depending on the age of the patient.
Causes of low bottom pressure
Common causes of low pressure are overwork and unbalanced nutrition. After adjusting the lifestyle and diet, symptoms of hypotension disappear, and blood pressure figures are normal. If there is a genetic predisposition, it is impossible to cure hypotension, you can only maintain a general condition with the help of certain stimulants. If the lower figure of blood pressure decreases due to pathologies of the heart or the endocrine system, complex, long-term treatment is required.
Often, lower pressure is caused by hormonal disorders, which are less common in men than in women. Lower lower pressure is diagnosed in 20% of pregnant women (in pregnant women, the pressure is mostly elevated) and in adolescents during puberty. Due to the physiology, girls suffer from hypotension due to hormonal imbalance 3 times more often than boys.
To devote more time to work is caused by a difficult financial situation, ambition, loneliness. Regardless of the cause, overwork leads to hypotension. The reason for low blood pressure in schoolchildren and students are important control, exam preparation, because of which adolescents deny yourself a rest and curtail sleep time.
According to statistics, a person suffering from hypotension, in 70% of cases, sleep is spent less than 8 hours. If there is enough time for rest, sleep can be unhealthy, if a person has difficulty falling asleep, he often wakes up at night or suffers from insomnia. As a result, the diastolic pressure is reduced. In order for the body to rest and recover during sleep, you need to abandon the use of computer equipment and watch TV programs 2 hours before bedtime, use cotton bedding and set aside for rest the time recommended by doctors:
The causes of low pressure sometimes consist in the negligent attitude of a person towards their health. Fighting obesity and the desire to become like a model makes people significantly limit their diet. Long-term diets, inconsistent with the doctor, adversely affect the condition of the whole organism. It can also lower blood pressure. Regardless of the weight of the patient, diet food should be varied so that the body receives the necessary substances.
Pathology of the heart and blood vessels
Abnormality in the heart is considered the main cause of low blood pressure.
Reduced blood pressure, as well as elevated blood pressure, is most often associated with pathologies of the heart and blood vessels. With low blood pressure, especially if the lower pressure is 60 mm Hg. Art., the inferior work of the myocardium is diagnosed, because of which the blood is pumped in small quantities, the blood supply and nutrition of the organs and tissues are disturbed. Low blood pressure is a consequence of pathologies such as tachycardia, bradycardia, ischemia, and heart failure.
Reduced lower (renal) pressure indicates that serious changes occur in the body. If the lower blood pressure exceeds the permissible limit and significantly decreases, and this phenomenon is chronic, this may indicate the development of cancer. At the same time, the systolic index does not decrease, but remains within the normal range.
What else could be the reason?
Blood pressure depends on many factors and is reduced due to the presence of such diseases, the presence of which the person does not realize. If the pressure has fallen and it is difficult or impossible to increase it, complex diagnostics are required, because the cause of the illness can be:
- stomach ulcer;
- cervical vertebrae;
- vegetative vascular dystonia.
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With low blood pressure in a child or an adult, the same symptoms are observed:
- prolonged headaches;
In diseases of the heart and blood vessels, almost the same symptoms and differentiation are performed only by a doctor.
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Hypotension in the elderly
In older people, the cause of low blood pressure is vascular atherosclerosis and a decrease in their elasticity. Due to changes occurring with age in large vessels, the systolic pressure is high and the diastolic pressure is small. As a result, the risk of ischemic disease and myocardial infarction increases, along with a poor blood supply to the brain, which causes dementia.
What is dangerously low pressure?
Lower blood pressure indicates the state of the blood vessels and talks about the quality of the blood supply to all tissues and organs in the body. If the lower indicator on the tonometer is constantly too low, it can provoke serious consequences, such as ischemic disease, impaired memory and concentration of attention, diseases of the nervous system, damage to any organs and tissues as a result of their malnutrition. At the same time, the endocrine system and kidneys can be affected, which affect the level of lower blood pressure.
Treatment of hypotension should be prescribed by a doctor, since an excessively high vascular tone is considered more dangerous than a low one.
Under normal pressure, a person feels well, he has enough strength and energy. The appearance of symptoms such as weakness, drowsiness, numbness in the head means that the available vascular tone is not enough for normal orgasm work, and diagnosis and treatment is required. Therapy is to eliminate the cause of the pathology and normalize blood pressure with medication, diet, changes in the daily regimen.
Prescribing medications for hypotension is carried out individually, while the cause of the pathology and the condition of the blood vessels is of great importance. Women are more willing to take pills than men, but it is important to follow the dosage indicated by the doctor. Otherwise, the condition will worsen. For the normalization of blood pressure prescribe tonic means, drugs that normalize blood circulation and nutrition of the brain, natural stimulants:
Changes in the diet
To blood pressure was normal and the lower rate did not decrease, you need to eat a balanced diet. The diet should contain fresh vegetables and fruits, dried fruits, nuts, sea fish, legumes, offal, fresh cranberries. You need to eat 4–5 times a day in small portions. It is useful to drink a decoction of rose hips, pomegranate juice, hawthorn tincture. Recipes to increase blood pressure with alcohol should be treated with caution, do not abuse the drinks and take into account the existing contraindications.
What if the pressure is low?
Lower human pressure is an indicator of the condition of the kidneys, circulatory and endocrine systems. A decrease in this indicator requires complex treatment. If the pressure is near the norm, the lowering is not the result of serious diseases, then it is recommended to follow the following rules to normalize it:
- If you feel unwell, drink natural coffee or tea, eat a piece of dark chocolate. It is important to remember that excessive consumption of caffeinated foods leads to tachycardia (rapid heartbeat).
- Do exercises in the morning or play sports.
- Avoid stress, avoid overwork, relax during the day.
- Tempered, take a contrast shower.
- Stop smoking and alcohol. Over time, after improvement, alcohol is allowed in small doses.
Low BP is considered less dangerous than high, but even this pathology can lead to serious complications. Exercise, changes in diet, the use of stimulants increase blood pressure if its decline is not associated with diseases of the internal organs. If such measures do not restore pressure, you should consult a doctor and be examined.