With a decrease in the level of iron in the body, a lot of symptoms appear, so a completely natural question arises about the danger of low hemoglobin.
Anemia or anemia occurs due to impaired gas exchange. This leads to a constant lack of oxygen in the cells and tissues of the body.
Appears weakness, fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness, even loss of consciousness. It is important to clearly understand what this can lead to in the worst cases and take the necessary preventive measures in time.
The rate of hemoglobin and the reasons for its decline
Hemoglobin performs the most important function of transporting oxygen to the tissues and cells of the body. It is an iron protein that is part of red blood cells.
Due to this, the protein increases the tone, activates the body’s metabolism, strengthens the immune system.
Normally, in men, one liter of blood contains 130-160 grams of hemoglobin, in women, these figures are 10-15 grams less, and in pregnant women, these figures are even lower due to intensive consumption of iron.
In this case, up to 18 years of age, the hemoglobin rate in the blood is practically the same.
Reducing the level of iron-containing protein is dangerous for all organs and body systems.
At the same time, iron deficiency initially manifests itself in general weakness, and in the later stages oxygen starvation of internal organs and the brain can manifest itself.
It threatens with severe irreversible consequences for the health of the body and human life.
With the appearance of general weakness, drowsiness, human fatigue, one can suspect the development of any pathology.
Low hemoglobin levels can accompany the following pathological conditions of the human body:
- blood loss;
- chronic diseases of the stomach;
- dysbacteriosis or inflammatory processes in the intestine;
- chronic iron deficiency anemia;
- immune diseases;
- infectious diseases;
- blood diseases.
Most people still have problems with hemoglobin due to a lack of iron in the body.
The most common causes of hemoglobin loss inside the blood are improper diet, blood loss.
In this case, bleeding can be both hidden and obvious.
Injuries, surgeries, heavy menstruation and hemorrhoids are visible to the naked eye. Such situations require immediate measures to normalize the level of hemoglobin in the body.
Staff donors who donate blood on an ongoing basis also require special attention.
Internal bleeding is often accompanied by pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, female diseases, immune, infectious diseases.
Malnutrition often leads to anemia, if the diet is too low in iron, B vitamins and some other trace elements.
Sometimes, to solve hemoglobin problems, in addition to changing the diet, they take drugs that increase iron levels.
Risks from a decrease in iron-containing protein
Due to female physiological changes, such as pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, their body loses iron.
In addition, hormonal surges and physical activity significantly increase the body’s need for hemoglobin, which supplies the body’s cells with oxygen.
Accordingly, adolescent girls, pregnant women and women over 45 years of age are experiencing the greatest need for oxygen.
The risk of hemoglobin deficiency depends on the severity and neglect of this body problem.
For example, at the initial stage of anemia, it is enough to adjust your diet to correct the situation.
If the hemoglobin level is too low for a long time, you will need medical intervention, a long-term recovery of the affected internal organs and body systems.
When running cases, there is even the danger of death. Thus, each person needs to be attentive to the health of his body, not to start the disease, taking adequate measures in time to correct the situation.
There are three main causes of anemia:
- insufficient intake of vitamin B12 and folic acid;
- iron deficiency in the body;
- excessive destruction of red blood cells.
Caused by various reasons, low hemoglobin threatens the female body in different ways.
From an early age with group B beriberi, there is often a lag in the development and growth of a girl’s body.
Adolescence may be accompanied by fainting, poor health, increased pallor, weakness.
Against this background, coordination is disturbed, and limb spasms appear. The skin becomes dry, cracking, especially in the hands and knees.
Due to insufficient oxygen supply of the digestive tract, stomach pains appear, larynx when swallowing, internal gastric and intestinal ulcers appear.
During pregnancy, a low level of hemoglobin disrupts its flow, and sometimes leads to premature birth, impaired development of the child.
Due to the lack of iron in the body of women there is a significant decrease in immunity, which leads to an increase in the incidence.
The feeling of constant weakness, frequent overwork, irritability, shortness of breath, neurological disorders, splitting nails, hair loss – all these are the most frequent external manifestations with a decrease in hemoglobin.
When hemolytic anemia may appear signs of jaundice, gallstone disease, exacerbated pain in the back and abdomen.
Heart failure gradually develops, often states are aggravated by fainting, fever.
The body ceases to resist disease. The liver and spleen grow in size, begin to wear out faster.
What threatens low hemoglobin can be considered on the example of the functions of the heart and immune system.
Due to lack of oxygen, the heart begins to work with increased stress, heart failure occurs. There is a danger of death at any time.
Reducing immunity makes the body defenseless in front of many infectious diseases that, with low hemoglobin, occur with complications.
Of particular danger is the reduction of iron-containing protein inside the blood is for pregnant women and may affect the development of the fetus.
Oxygen starvation significantly increases the risk. It is better to focus on diet and consult a hematologist.
Treatment of low hemoglobin
To replenish iron inside the body and increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood, it is necessary to combine the intake of vitamins of group B (B1, B6, B9, B12), C, and PP12 with a good diet.
Correction of most cases at the same time requires only the right diet.
The best effective diet for low hemoglobin should include a lot of meat products. Especially rich in iron red meat veal, beef.
Among these products, beef liver and kidneys can be distinguished, since they contain ferrous iron, which is well absorbed by the body.
With a deficit of hemoglobin, it is recommended to eat fish, meat, eggs, vegetables and fruits. Moreover, among the vegetables should be preferred carrots, beets, tomatoes, potatoes, various greens.
Representatives of legumes, especially peas and beans, can effectively increase hemoglobin levels.
Among fresh fruits, apples, pears, apricots, persimmon, and plums are especially good for eating with iron deficiency.
Useful berries for anemia are the fruits of black currant, cornel, raspberry, watermelon, pomegranate. In this case, it is better to use pomegranate in the form of fresh juice with a low level of hemoglobin daily.
Dried fruit compotes are recommended to be added to the daily ration instead of tea and coffee, since they are the most iron-containing product compared to fresh fruit.
Raisins, dried apricots, lemon, honey, dark chocolate are useful supplements in the right diet for iron deficiency.
Along with the need to add healthy foods to the diet with low hemoglobin, certain foods should be avoided. For example, the habit of constantly drinking coffee and tea is extremely undesirable with anemia.
If you have problems with blood, it is advisable to replace coffee with cocoa without milk, and tea with hawthorn decoction, which contains a maximum of ascorbic acid. Such measures will significantly increase low hemoglobin in red blood cells.
Dairy products are preferably consumed separately, since they bind iron and prevent it from being effectively absorbed by the body.
On the other hand, calcium is necessary, so it is absorbed very quickly. If dairy products are consumed separately from the intake of iron-containing products, then the effect will be quite normal.
Raise low hemoglobin in the body can often nutritional supplements, among which the most popular are Hematogen and Brewer’s Yeast.
Thus, there are many effective methods for the normalization of hemoglobin level, but only a doctor will be able to choose the most optimal combination of them, taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism and the human situation.