A short-term decrease or loss of appetite is not a problem. But if you do not even remember when the last time ate normally, – this is a cause for concern. What are the causes of poor appetite and what to do if it does not improve for a long time, read this article.
Causes of loss of appetite
A good appetite is a sign of a healthy body. But its decline or sudden loss can signal many problems, including infection and stress.
A decrease in or sudden loss of appetite can cause a variety of infections. According to the University of Illinois Medical Center, infectious diseases such as pneumonia, hepatitis, HIV and AIDS, influenza and ARVI, pyelonephritis are associated with loss of appetite.
Poor appetite can occur due to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract caused by irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease or colitis. Diseases of the kidneys, liver and cardiovascular diseases can also affect the appetite. Chronic liver diseases, chronic renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, hypothyroidism are meant. As a rule, in the final stages of congestive heart failure or acute renal failure, the appetite disappears completely.
In the first trimester of pregnancy, hunger can be reduced. The body is rebuilt, engaged in the production of hormones, etc. But most often the appetite disappears due to toxicosis. You should not worry, toxicosis protects pregnant women from miscarriage, and the appetite will soon appear!
Long-term lack of appetite can cause the onset and development of cancer. Most of the others with poor appetite are associated with its types of colon cancer, ovarian cancer, stomach cancer and pancreatic cancer.
In conditions of heightened emotional stress, the last thing we think about is food. And not only negative events upset us. Sometimes joyful moments lead to a decrease in appetite – love, preparation for a wedding, holidays. The organism will be restored as soon as the person comes to his senses. But chronic stress is dangerous and can lead to exhaustion.
Mental disorders (depression, anxiety disorder, and schizophrenia) can also cause poor appetite and its complete loss. This is often observed in older people. They may not feel hunger for a long time, even if there are no physiological reasons to refuse to eat. This is due to a depressed state and depression caused by or not associated with senile dementia.
Also for psychological reasons can be attributed to a conscious rejection of food due to dissatisfaction with his body. This is especially common among young women who are constantly on a diet or do not eat anything at all for a long time. Over time, the appetite completely disappears, leading to boulemia and anorexia.
The use of certain medications, including antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents, can also be the cause of poor appetite. They also include digoxin, fluoxetine, quinidine sulfate, codeine, morphine sulfate, and hydralazine. The same thing happens after taking drugs – amphetamines, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants and LSD.
Bad appetite: what to do
Increasingly, force yourself to eat and do not know what to do with a bad appetite? Take advantage of these simple and useful tips.
Take a multivitamin
Daily consumption of vitamins will help to wake up the appetite and bring food back to normal. Particular attention should be paid to zinc, this mineral has a positive effect on digestion. Before buying and taking vitamins, be sure to consult your doctor.
Review the first aid kit
As we found out, some drugs can worsen the appetite. But do not rush to say goodbye to them. For starters, talk to your doctor if the reason is really medication. If so, the doctor will help you find the right analogue.
Drink enough water
Dehydration can also lead to loss of appetite. Find out how much water you need to drink per day, and try to stick to this norm.
It is impossible to completely avoid stress, but to reduce its effect is quite realistic. How to do this, said geneticist Alexander Kolyada in the article Stress: everything you wanted to know about stress. If you are depressed or in a state of constant anxiety, seek professional help: appropriate treatment will help bring back the taste not only to life, but also to food.
Change your eating habits
Sometimes poor appetite is due to the fact that the food has become boring and no longer causes satisfaction. Try something new and preferably useful!
Activate taste buds will help products such as extra virgin olive oil, flavored vinegar, garlic, onions, spices and herbs (cinnamon, cloves, ginger and turmeric).
To control your diet, keep a diary and write down everything you eat throughout the day. Fooducate, Chemical Cuisine or Eat This Not That mobile apps will not allow bad appetite to become chronic.
Consult a doctor
If the appetite does not appear, perhaps it is time to consult a specialist. The therapist or family doctor will tell you whose advice you need: a psychotherapist, a nutritionist, a gastroenterologist or an endocrinologist.