Throughout his life, each person is faced with the fact that his throat hurts when swallowing on one side or both. Such symptoms are often regarded as a sign of a common cold. Accordingly, discomfort is not emphasized. But an unpleasant condition can signal not only a cold. In some cases, it indicates the development of more dangerous diseases. Let’s look at what ailments can be discussed if a sore throat on one side when swallowing. How to treat these pathologies?
Most often, a sore throat signals a cold. However, the question arises: why does the throat ache when swallowing on one side and not on both? Such selectivity indicates that the infection did not have time to spread to the second amygdala. The cold is just beginning, which means treatment will not be very difficult.
But do not forget that sore throat when swallowing on the one hand with many other pathologies. In these situations, the discomfort indicates the site of inflammation or infection.
The main pathologies causing unilateral pain in the throat are:
- various tonsillitis;
- streptococci causing rash;
- tooth decay;
- otitis media;
- meningoencephalitis, meningitis;
- acute lymphadenitis;
- infectious diseases (measles, scarlet fever, chickenpox, rubella, diphtheria);
- oncological diseases.
If you have a sore throat on the left side when swallowing and discomfort is felt in the ear, most likely, the reason is hidden in otitis. To deal with this disease can only complex measures. Unpleasant sensations, accompanied by nasal congestion, indicate the development of unilateral sinusitis.
If the right side of the throat hurts when swallowing, then such symptoms often indicate the presence of such illnesses as angina pectoris, mumps, tuberculosis, meningitis, a swelling of the cervical vertebra.
However, normal overstrain of the muscles cannot be ruled out. Sometimes unpleasant discomfort can be provoked even by a draft.
Let’s stop on the most widespread reasons causing so unpleasant, and sometimes and painful symptomatology.
Quite often, a sore throat on the left side when swallowing as a result of an inflammatory process in the tonsil and pharynx.
Pharyngitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- sore throat, worse during swallowing;
- dry throat;
- burning sensation, tingling sensation;
- feeling of inadequate ingestion of food or saliva;
- frequent desire to drink water (especially during a conversation);
- laying ears, disappearing after swallowing saliva.
To find an effective treatment, it is necessary to determine what caused the pathology. It can be based on both viral and bacterial infections. Therefore, it is quite difficult to determine adequate therapy without consulting a doctor.
For bacterial pharyngitis, antibiotics are prescribed. In the case of viral pathology, NSAIDs will bring relief: “Ibuprofen”, “Paracetamol”.
Symptoms of laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx, occurring in acute or chronic form, causes extremely unpleasant sensations.
The following picture is often observed: a person has a sore throat when swallowing on the one hand, there is no temperature. This is characteristic of laryngitis and pharyngitis. These diseases can occur at normal temperature. Sometimes they provoke a slight increase.
Symptoms of laryngitis include:
- dry throat;
- tickling, soreness in the throat.
In some patients during the inflammatory process, the voice may completely disappear.
Those people who have ever encountered such a disease, firmly know that a sore throat is the first and most characteristic symptom of pathology.
Angina is an infectious inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils. That is why at the initial stage of the disease, the patient feels that he has a sore throat on one side when swallowing.
Tonsillitis is manifested by a number of other symptoms. These include:
- feeling broken;
- temperature rise;
- general malaise.
Sometimes parathonsillitis may develop on the background of a sore throat, in which near-almondin cellulose is inflamed.
With this ailment, the patient has the following complaints:
- sore throat when swallowing on one side and gives to the ear or teeth;
- the discomfort is very strong, tearing, aggravated when trying to swallow saliva;
- slight temperature rise.
Extremely rare pharyngeal tonsillitis. In this case, the patient feels that he has a sore throat when swallowing on one side and the tongue. Discomfort can be felt in the pharynx from above and below. This pathology needs adequate treatment. When ailment is inflamed amygdala, located near the root of the tongue. Increasing, she threatens the patient with suffocation. You should immediately contact the doctor.
Sometimes a person complains that he has a sore throat on the left side when swallowing, gives to the ear. Most often the cause of such symptoms is otitis. In general, any ear diseases can affect the larynx and nasopharynx.
Otitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- discomfort in the throat;
- shooting pain in the auricle;
- ear discharge (purulent) may occur;
- the discomfort is greatly increased in the evening and is aggravated to the maximum at night;
- unpleasant smell from the ear.
With this ailment, as with tonsillitis, the patient requires adequate drug therapy. Do not self-medicate. Progressive otitis media can be complicated by labyrinthitis, and sometimes meningitis. In addition, the patient, ignoring the recommendations of the doctor, runs the risk of completely losing hearing.
This reason cannot be ruled out, if the throat hurts when swallowing on the right side, there is no temperature. But if the left side of the throat is injured, respectively, the patient will have discomfort on this side.
The cause of the pathology can be a chemical or thermal burn, mechanical damage to the mucous membrane, a foreign object. If we are not talking about a small child, then the patient will always be able to pinpoint the source that caused the pain syndrome.
Symptoms of mucosal injury are significantly different from signs indicating an infectious disease. But if the treatment measures taken are insufficient, then the patient can develop an inflammatory process, including an increase in temperature.
In such a situation, it is necessary to turn to the ENT. Therapy is to repair the damage. In addition, the patient should abandon the hot, cold drinks, solid food.
Oncological diseases and tumors
This is the most terrible type of disease that a patient may encounter, feeling that he has a sore throat when swallowing on one side.
Tumor tonsils, larynx can cause quite noticeable discomfort. Benign neoplasms make it harder to eat and cause pain during swallowing. The malignant process provokes permanent or periodic discomfort in the affected area.
Similar pathologies are strictly forbidden to be treated by home methods. It is very important to see a doctor in a timely manner, to pass all prescribed tests and biopsy. Only an oncologist can prescribe adequate treatment.
First aid for pain
Only a specialist can select the necessary treatment for the patient. However, there are symptomatic remedies that will bring relief to the patient if the visit to the doctor at the moment is difficult. However, remember that such medicines cannot act as a complete therapy.
So, consider, if one has a sore throat on one side when swallowing, than to treat this pathology.
The following sprays can be used for symptomatic therapy:
The tablets (lozenges), designed to eliminate pain in the throat, will greatly ease the discomfort:
An excellent effect will provide the procedure of gargling. You can cook decoctions of herbs sage, oak bark, calendula, chamomile.
The pharmaceutical market offers patients the following rinses:
To reduce discomfort in the throat, relieve swelling, relieve fever, suppress inflammation, you can use the following medications:
- Antipyretics. Use paracetamol-based drugs such as Panadol, Efferalgan.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs. It is better to choose medicines based on ibuprofen or nimesulide. These are the following drugs: Nise, Ibuprofen, Nimesulide, Ibuklin, Movalis.
- Antihistamines. Effective drugs: Loratadin, Erius, Zyrtec, Clemastin, Telfast, Suprastin, Fenistil, Claritin.
However, remember that only that therapy is effective, which is aimed at combating the cause that provoked discomfort. Therefore, do not self-medicate, be sure to consult a doctor and pass an examination. In this case, you will be able to defeat a developing disease much earlier and more effectively.