Hernia in an infant is one of the most common childhood diseases, which is why parents should know the symptoms of this ailment, how it is treated and what preventive measures exist, because any disease is easier to prevent than to cure.
The most common are: inguinal and umbilical hernia in infants. They can have the most minimal manifestations and be completely painless, but despite this, they require timely and quality treatment.
The most important advice for any ailment will always be the same – to seek the help of highly qualified specialists and not to self-medicate.
Before discussing the symptoms and methods of treatment, one should find out what the above-mentioned illnesses in babies are.
Types of hernia in newborns.
The umbilical hernia in an infant is a round or oval protrusion around the navel. It is soft and easily set inside, also the hernia has a characteristic gurgling sound.
The navel is formed in the first month of life, at the site of the umbilical ring, which is tightened and scarred. If the umbilical ring is not fully tightened, then at this point fragments of internal organs in the abdominal cavity may fall under the skin. This is what is called hernia.
If we talk about size, then the umbilical hernia in infants may be different, varying from the size of a pea to the size of a large plum.
An inguinal hernia in newborns appears when fragments of the abdominal organs enter the inguinal canal. Intestinal loops most often fall into the hernial sac in the groin. In girls, ovaries and fallopian tubes can enter here.
Umbilical hernia in newborns: symptoms.
The symptoms of such a hernia are very simple and noticeable to parents:
- The baby’s navel will bulge when he cries or strains;
- The protrusion of the navel will increase over time;
- When the baby is crying or straining, the baby’s belly will look slightly swollen.
Parents should carefully consider these symptoms to avoid further complications.
The reason for the emergence of umbilical hernia in a newborn child is considered to be heredity. Simply put, if the parents were diagnosed at birth, then there is a high probability that it will also manifest itself in the child.
How is an inguinal hernia determined in infants?
Such a hernia is more difficult to detect, since it does not have any painful manifestations, it is difficult for parents to see it before reaching a significant size.
As for the symptoms, they are almost the same as the umbilical:
- Slight swelling in the pelvic area;
- Easily set inside;
- Increases when straining;
Inguinal hernia is fraught with danger – it is infringement. It is accepted to call as squeezing the squeezing of the fragments of the internal organs that are in the hernial sac, as the collar of the sac. It causes, in the first place, impaired circulation of organs that are in the hernial sac. The characteristic features of the infringement are: acute pain, painful and unreducible protrusion of the hernia
Hernia in newborns: treatment.
The good news for parents is the fact that umbilical hernia can heal themselves, and the cure is time. Over time, the child will grow up, the abdominal muscles will grow stronger, therefore, the umbilical ring will shrink, and the hernia can close itself without surgical intervention.
But still, if you find the above symptoms in your toddler, then you should consult a doctor, it is better if the treatment of an umbilical hernia in newborns will take place under the supervision of a specialist.
For the treatment of inguinal hernia, there is only one method – this is surgery. It is better to do it only when the baby reaches 6-12 months of age. The operation can be postponed only when the risk of infringement is completely absent.
Everyone knows that the prevention of disease is always more pleasant than its treatment, so the issue of preventing hernia in newborns should be given special importance. Parents need to provide their baby the right care – this will be the best prevention.
Massage is considered to be a wonderful way to prevent hernia in a baby. You can contact a professional masseuse before consulting with your pediatrician, or you can do a massage at home. Before you do a baby massage yourself, you should learn how to do it correctly, with a specialist, so that it benefits. It is important that such a massage like the toddler, otherwise he will in every way fight back from him.
Also, one of the types of prophylaxis can be considered “physiotherapy exercises” – exercises aimed at strengthening the abdominal muscles of a baby.
There are three most common and simple exercises:
- Take the baby by the hand and the leg, helping him roll on his side (alternately on the left and right);
- Take the baby by the handles, spread them apart and pull him towards himself, thereby forcing him to lift the head and upper body;
- Exercise using an inflatable ball. Holding the child by the chest, “roll” him on the ball, on the back and on the stomach.
These are simple and fun exercises for the baby will strengthen the muscles of the abdominal cavity, as well as serve as an excellent prevention of hernia in the newborn.
It is also necessary to closely monitor the baby’s nutrition, so that it does not cause bloating, colic and constipation, because it may adversely affect the treatment of hernia.
Children are the most important wealth that life rewards us with. Therefore, for parents, the health of children will come first.