Inflammation of the joints of the legs occurs in people of different ages, no matter what kind of activity they do. In the absence of adequate treatment, it takes on chronic forms, as a result of which complications develop. It is important to know how to prevent joint inflammation in order to prevent more serious diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Causes of development
It is important to know! Doctors are in shock: “There is an effective and affordable remedy for joint pain.” Read more.
In medical practice, the number of all inflammatory diseases of the joints is large – about 100. However, most of them are not associated with serious pathologies and are caused by fatigue, climate change and other factors. With the elimination of these reasons, the person quickly goes on the mend.
But not all the prerequisites for the development of inflammatory processes in joints are harmless. Many of them without treatment threaten with arthritis, polyarthritis, arthrosis, bursitis, and other serious health problems. If you start the inflammatory process, the pathology quickly turns into a chronic form with a severe course.
- any infection (viruses or bacteria);
- excessive systematic loads in athletes and people whose profession is associated with heavy physical labor;
- frequent hypothermia of the legs;
- long stay in the conditions of the increased humidity;
- autoimmune disorders and diseases;
- lupus, rheumatism of the legs, a history of arthritis;
- metabolic disorders, endocrine system;
- injuries of the lower extremities with the involvement of bone joints;
- wearing uncomfortable or tight shoes;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- age-related changes in bone and cartilage structures;
- excess weight.
Inflammatory processes in the joints of the legs can be avoided if you limit the load, prevent excess weight, avoid hypothermia and colds.
In which joints of the legs inflammation occurs
Depending on the localization of the lesion, subtypes of this disease are distinguished. Each of them is characterized by certain signs, but one symptom is the main one with cartilage and ligament injuries – it is pain. Pain associated with inflammation of one or more bone joints.
Subspecies of inflammatory lesions of the bone joints of the legs:
- knees. Common damage, as it is the most vulnerable place due to the complexity of the structure of the joint and the loads imposed on it. Signs of the inflammatory process are pronounced. Without treatment, disability is likely. Most often, knee lesions are found in women and in people who are overweight;
- ankle Undergoes heavy loads, holding the weight of the entire human body. At the slightest inflammation of the structure in the joint there is a sharp pain, limited mobility;
- foot. Usually found in members of more mature and elderly ages. Pathological changes often become chronic, accompanied by severe pain;
- thumb. The main reason for the development of such inflammation of the joints on the leg is hypothermia, the next is the wearing of uncomfortable tight shoes. If the disease progresses, there is marked swelling of the fingers, accompanied by sharp, piercing pain, normal movement is difficult;
- hip joint. With the progression of the disease pain occur even in the resting position when a person is sleeping. If you do not engage in treatment, inflammation of the joints of the legs will lead to the inability to move independently. The most common pathology is found in people with congenital dysplasia, hip dislocations, and other childhood and youth cartilage pathologies.
Diseases of the leg joints
Inflammatory processes occurring in the cartilage and ligaments of the lower extremities, occur due to various negative factors that are provoked by the following diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease that attacks the joints all over the body. Approximately 90% of people with this pathology develop symptoms associated with inflammation of the legs. Pains appear in the area of the toes, forefoot, knees, and hip joint. Other inflammatory types of arthritis affecting the condition of the lower extremities include gout, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, Reiter’s syndrome.
The exact causes of inflammation of the joints of the feet, leading to the development of rheumatoid arthritis, are unknown, but there are assumptions about this:
- a large percentage of all cases of arthritis are attributed to the influence of a genetic factor;
- activation of the disease contributes to the environmental trigger;
- Autoimmune conditions are also considered to be provoking factors when a person’s immune system gives a serious failure.
Interesting video about rheumatoid arthritis:
The most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are pain, swelling, and fluid buildup inside the cartilage. Usually signs of pathology appear simultaneously in both legs. The temperature in the tissues and structures around the cartilage rises due to the inflammatory process, the skin turns red, it becomes hot. The subsequent deformation of the articulation affects the patient’s gait, lameness develops, and walking becomes more difficult. Somatic symptoms are also noted: fever, general malaise, fatigue, poor appetite.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative bone pathology that begins with the destruction or gradual aggravation of the articular cartilage. In medicine, it is also called osteoarthritis. The disease affects not only the cartilaginous articular surface, but also the entire articular complex: ligaments, tendons, and other structures. Inflammatory processes can occur anywhere in the joints of the bones, but most often they are localized in the area of the knees and TBS.
The function of articular cartilage is to soften the load on the ends of the bones, to reduce friction and wear of the articulation. When negative factors influence bone structures, the condition of the ligaments and tendons worsens, friction occurs inside the knee or thigh, and degeneration of all the constituent elements of the bone joint begins. With more complex pathologies, small pieces of cartilage are stratified, increasing friction in the joint. Meniscus degenerates, the inflammatory process affects all periarticular components: tendons, muscles, ligaments.
Most often, athletes and people who carry weight are exposed to the disease, as their type of activity is associated with increased systematic loads on their legs. The disease can develop due to infections, traumas, intoxication.
Gout is a painful condition that occurs due to deposits of uric acid in the body. It is a breakdown product of purines, accumulates in the joints of the feet and knees in the form of needle-like crystals, and the bone joints become inflamed. Usually, uric acid dissolves in the blood and, passing through the kidneys, is eliminated from the body naturally. But with its excess, the urinary system does not cope with its output to the outside. Uric acid first accumulates in the blood and then settles on the joints.
Unlike arthritis, with gout, the joint grows in size, the skin becomes reddish and hot. A person experiences pain and stiffness while walking. For many people, gout initially affects the joints of the big toe, but other joints and areas around them can also be affected by the inflammatory process. Uric acid crystals can accumulate in the kidneys, causing the development of serious pathologies in the field of nephrology. Men are more prone to manifestations of gout, and women become more susceptible to this pathology during the onset of menopause.
Even neglected problems with joints can be cured at home! Just do not forget to smear it once a day.
Symptoms of gout occur suddenly. This is a strong pain in the affected area, unpleasant sensations in the foot when wearing shoes, inflammation and redness of the skin, a local increase in temperature, limited mobility in the foot when walking.
Bursitis is a painful inflammation of the synovial sac filled with joint fluid. It provides cushioning in areas of friction of tendons and ligaments with bones. Normally, when the joints are healthy, the synovial pouch contains enough fluid. This prevents wear on surfaces rubbing against each other. In the event of injury, physical overstrain of the bone junction, the bag swells, the volume of synovial fluid changes.
The cause of bursitis is irritation of the articular structures due to injuries, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, infection and excessive loads on the legs (carrying weight, systematic overload in athletes, obesity). Sometimes bursitis occurs for reasons unknown to medicine and is called idiopathic.
An acute form of the disease develops in a few hours or days. Usually the inflamed area hurts when moving or touching it. The skin on the surfaces of the synovial bags swells and turns red. There is a local temperature increase in the area of the inflammatory focus. Chronic bursitis can be the result of recurring acute forms of the disease or injury. With systematic overstressing of the synovial sac, the inflammation of the joint on the leg tends to worsen. The pain is permanent, the soft tissues swell, the mobility in the leg is limited, there is muscle weakness. Chronic bursitis outbreaks last from several days to several weeks and often resume with a new force.
If you have a joint in your leg, what to do, the doctor will tell you. He will conduct a full examination and prescribe the necessary treatment. Even the slightest pain in the bones of the joints should be an occasion for consultation with a specialist. Treatment of inflammatory processes in the legs is carried out as they are detected, as with the running forms, doctors have to be treated with surgical methods. The neglected diseases of the joints lead to complete disability.
Principles of treatment of inflammations
What to do if a joint in the leg is inflamed? This question should not be left unanswered. When a person is worried about pain in the foot, knee or hip, he should seek help from a specialist. After a thorough examination, the patient will be diagnosed correctly and given treatment.
In traditional medicine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, corticosteroids and others are used. Many people suffering from diseases of the bone joints, can control the course of the disease with drugs. Some medications help to get rid of pain, reduce or remove the inflammatory process, get rid of puffiness, slow the progression of the disease. However, they should be taken only after consulting a doctor:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are aimed at eliminating the source of inflammation and eliminating pain. Like all medicines, they have their own side effects and contraindications. NSAIDs cause gastrointestinal problems (epigastric pain, ulcers, bleeding). Long-term use of drugs increases the number of platelets in the blood, making it thick. This leads to an increase in blood pressure, the formation of blood clots, the development of strokes and heart attacks. For anti-nonsteroidal drugs include Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Artrotek and others;
One of the modern NSAIDs is Celecoxib. It is an artificial representative of highly specific inhibitors. Its action is aimed at combating inflammation and pain in damaged joints. It is necessary to accept means carefully and only under control of the doctor as the probability of development of cardiovascular disturbances is high.
- preparations based on hyaluronic acid. These funds are used to relieve pain in inflammation of cartilage and ligaments. The drug is injected in the form of an injection into the sore joint. Despite the effectiveness of this therapy, it also has side effects. Immediately after the injection, the tissue around the inflammation may turn red, and there is a warm feeling at the injection site. If the patient suffers from allergic reactions, then preparations based on hyaluronic acid should be used with caution;
- corticosteroids. Their action is aimed at reducing inflammation. But you can not take them for a long time. Firstly, they are addictive, and secondly, they have a number of side effects: they increase blood pressure, cholesterol, promote weight gain due to increased appetite. Long-term use of corticosteroids causes muscle weakness, osteoporosis, cataracts, glaucoma, stomach ulcers and insomnia.
The use of physiotherapeutic methods of treating inflammation of the joints in the legs is aimed at relieving inflammation, pain, and swelling of the tissues. These include:
To get a stable and fast result, it is recommended to combine physiotherapeutic methods with taking medications.
Anton Epifanov on the use of physiotherapy:
Surgical treatment can correct many pathologies of ligaments and tendons associated with rheumatoid arthritis of the foot and ankle through the use of special staples and bumpers. However, in many cases the most successful surgical option is fusion (arthrodesis). This type of surgery is often done on the thumb, heel and ankle.
In arthrodesis, the cartilage is removed from the joint, and the bones are fixed in position with screws and plates, or screws and a stem. The surgeon can implant a bone graft from the hip or other leg. Bones combine to create a new healthy mix. After the operation and the rehabilitation period, the pain in the leg disappears, the functioning of the articulation is restored. Surgical treatment can replace damaged ankle, knee and hip joints.
The postoperative period has its drawbacks. The most frequent problems during rehabilitation are infectious diseases, problems with the restoration of cartilage, weakening of muscles and ligaments. To avoid the development of post-surgical complications, the patient is prescribed courses of antibiotic therapy. To develop a new joint, massage sessions and exercise therapy are needed. If more serious complications arise in the patient’s state of health, a second operation or amputation of the limb may be necessary. But such situations are rare.
Projections of joint pathologies are very variable. If the course of the disease and its nature are benign, then conservative treatment is enough to get rid of the inflammation in the joint on the leg. If the disease develops too quickly or the patient turned to a specialist too late for help, then the predictions will be fatal in a short time.
A detailed video of Boris Tsatsulin on ways to keep your joints and ligaments healthy:
A person should understand that if not to pay due attention to pathological changes in the musculoskeletal system, the aggravation of the situation will develop in the direction of irreversible destruction of the joints. If we approach the problem in a meaningful way, deal with the state of one’s health, reduce possible loads on the legs and not neglect preventive measures, the forecasts will be the most optimistic.
How to forget about joint pain?
- Joint pains limit your movement and full life …
- You are worried about discomfort, crunch and systematic pain …
- Perhaps you have tried a bunch of drugs, creams and ointments …
- But judging by the fact that you are reading these lines – they did not help you much …
But the orthopedist Valentin Dikul claims that a truly effective remedy for joint pain exists! Read more