If the legs hurt, it does not mean that they need treatment. But on the other hand, you can learn a lot about the health of everything from “your own two”
The most innocent pain in the legs arises from banal fatigue. It passes without a trace by itself, and we will not take it into account. Let’s talk about more serious things.
This is an inflammation of the inner lining of the arteries.
Symptoms Acute pain and numbness in the legs arise when walking after the first 50–100 steps. A short rest – and the symptoms disappear in order to return again in two dozen steps. Therefore, a person is forced to periodically make a stopover. The pain in the foot or calf can disturb even when you lie down, but if you lower your leg down, the discomfort will be reduced.
What to do. Stop smoking (nicotine is the main risk factor for vascular ischemia) and contact a vascular surgeon. The doctor will prescribe a complex of studies: MRI, angiography, ultrasound of blood vessels, various blood tests (including non-specific inflammatory factors). With a strong sudden pain, it is better to call an ambulance – this can be a sign of a large artery blockage. In this case, there are only a few hours during which you can save the leg. The disease is treated conservatively and surgically (vascular plasty is used).
Atherosclerosis of the arteries
Symptoms Calf pressure and cramping aggravated when walking, running, climbing stairs, and can be disturbed at night. Cold feet in winter and summer. Lack of clear ripple on the big toe. In men, the disappearance of hair on the toes and problems with potency.
What to do. Stop smoking and consult a vascular surgeon. Ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography is used for the diagnosis. Timely treatment will save from gangrene and amputation.
Symptoms Acute twisting pain in the joints when walking or standing in a long position, the joints themselves become deformed and begin to click. The pains are worse when the weather changes. Soreness, swelling, redness in the joint.
What to do. Visit a rheumatologist as soon as possible, make an X-ray of the joints and pass a general clinical blood test. Diagnostic, and at the same time also the therapeutic method – arthroscopy. The treatment is only complex, therefore, in addition to taking medicines, special orthopedic appliances, physiotherapy, diet, exercise therapy, etc. will be needed.
Symptoms Pain in the hips.
What to do. Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
Symptoms In the calf muscles – constant throbbing pain, often turning into a burning sensation. Redness and swelling, painful condensation along the veins.
What to do. Immediately go to the vascular surgeon. To do an angioscanning – to evaluate the veins all over, to determine the degree of their blockage, to identify the threat of separation of a blood clot. Take a blood test for non-specific inflammatory factors. Most patients can be treated on an outpatient basis under the supervision of a physician.
Consequences of fractures
Symptoms Severe pain when walking.
What to do. Wear special orthopedic appliances – orthoses. They allow the injured limb to move, and the muscles – to remain in good shape, but at the same time take on part of the load.
Symptoms Sudden sudden pain in the heel, usually during walking or running. Often the only medicine that can cure your heel pain is time, and while swimming and cycling while waiting for deliverance.
What to do. Wait – this is the case when time heals. Lose weight: overweight is a risk factor. Turn to the orthopedist and make an x-ray. Anti-inflammatory drugs, special transverse massage and laser therapy, orthopedic insoles and heel tabs are used for treatment.
Symptoms There are cramps in the legs (especially at night), swelling, weakness and pain, the skin on the legs becomes dry, peeling and itching appear. Often the legs go numb, they have crawling, tingling sensations.
What to do. Donate blood for sugar.
Symptoms Leg cramps and strong calf pain are among the manifestations of calcium deficiency. The problem is more typical for women older than 40 years. Blue-eyed blondes are at particular risk.
What to do. Make a painless study – densitometry (measurement of the level and density of bone tissue in the body). If its deficiency is detected, the doctor will prescribe special calcium supplements.
Symptoms The pain in the thigh muscles is of a jerking, pulling or cutting character. It can increase with physical overload, during wet or cold weather.
What to do. See a neurologist. Anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as painkillers and gels are used for the treatment.
Symptoms Sharp throbbing pain in the big toe at any time of the day or night, regardless of the load. The thumb is swollen, reddened, hot and very sensitive.
What to do. A simple examination by a rheumatologist and a blood test from a vein is sufficient for diagnosis. Gout is treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and agents that inhibit the formation of uric acid. At the initial stage of the disease, it is enough to simply change the diet: limit alcohol, meat and fish dishes, rich broths, savory snacks and seasonings, mushrooms, legumes, tomatoes, spinach, coffee, cocoa, chocolate.
Symptoms Pulling unpleasant pains intensify towards the end of the working day. My legs “buzz” so that I want to lie down and throw them higher.
What to do. Wear compression knit. It will relieve pain and temporarily slow down the development of the disease. But this does not solve the problem. Therefore, at the first alarming symptoms, one should go to a vascular surgeon and do an ultrasound scan of the veins (Doppler). The doctor will prescribe further treatment. In the early stages of the disease is treated conservatively: injection sclerotherapy.
Symptoms Shooting pain in the legs may be disturbed and at rest, but increases with increasing load and sudden movements. At the same time, rest does not lead to relief. Pain on the back or side of the leg from the heel to the buttock is a sign of inflammation of the sciatic nerve (sciatica).
What to do. Consult a neurologist or spine surgeon (spinal specialist). A stunted intervertebral hernia can be used to detect MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). What treatment to choose – conservative or surgical – the doctor decides after analyzing the data.
Symptoms The aching pain in the feet and legs, which increases in the evening. Fatigue when walking.
What to do. Refer to the orthopedist. We’ll have to forget about high heels and shoes with narrow toes. Make foot baths with sea salt. Perform special exercises, wear instep supports prescribed by a doctor, and not purchased in the nearest market.