It is difficult to find a person who would refuse to massage, because he helps to relax, improve blood circulation in the muscles, and is often used for medical purposes to recover from surgeries or treat some diseases. Sometimes people arrange massage sessions at home or ask friends about it, but few people think that the wrong technique can provoke negative consequences. Sometimes a person notices that after the massage pressure has risen, a headache or dizziness has appeared – the reasons for such manifestations may be different.
Shortly about massage
Massage is a broad concept, implying the methods of mechanical and reflex impact on human organs or individual tissues by means of pressure, grinding, vibration, vacuum (using silicone cans). This event is held both with hands and with various auxiliary equipment.
Massage has long been considered an art, it is justified by its healing and relaxing effects. But mindless tingling or stroking of the skin can not be called massage movements, as there are special techniques for which the procedure should be carried out. They are based on the location on the human body of active points, large blood and lymphatic vessels, as well as clusters of nerve endings.
How massage affects the body
It is important to understand the effect of massage procedures on the state of the nervous and cardiovascular systems – this will help to better explain why blood pressure rises.
During the massage movements the master activates the nerve endings on the human skin, which most often are part of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympatika is responsible for increasing the muscle tone of the vascular walls, respectively, its activation leads to a narrowing of the arteries, and their blood pressure rises.
This negative effect is especially noticeable with an incorrect massage of the neck area, where large arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels are located. Too intense exposure in this area stimulates the sympathetic nerve endings of the vascular walls, and they narrow. In this case, a person may note an increase in pressure, headache and dizziness.
Because of the risk of increasing pressure, any type of massage, even among proven specialists, is contraindicated for people with hypertension, hypertensive crises in vegetative-vascular dystonia, as well as certain cardiovascular pathologies.
Normal pressure rise
Sometimes, due to the physiological characteristics of a person, blood pressure can rise even after a correctly technically performed massage, but this increase will be insignificant – by several points in systole and diastole. At the same time, there are no other signs of hypertension, since the vessels do not constrict, but expand, heart contractions slow down slightly, the muscles of the heart relax a little, which allows it to “relax” and work more efficiently in the future.
The reasons for the increase in pressure after the massage
The increase in blood pressure after massage procedures may be associated not only with the incompetence of the specialist, but also with the wrong behavior of the person after the session, so it is worth describing in detail all the causes of this effect:
- improperly selected and executed massage technique;
- wrong place to perform the procedure;
- incompetence of the masseur, ignorance of the location of the base active points and large vessels on the human body;
- wrong position of a person during a massage of the back or collar – neck;
- too intense effects on the blood and lymph vessels;
- spasmodic mechanical pressure on various parts of the body during the procedure (all movements should be smooth, and the increase in intensity of pressing should be slow and accurate);
- displacement of the vertebrae due to improper performance of the massage technique;
- the patient did not inform the masseur before the procedure about the presence of cardiovascular or nervous diseases;
- a sharp rise after the end of the session from the couch (this activates the sympathetic division of the nervous system);
- intense exercise or heavy exercise immediately after the massage.
Separately, it is necessary to say about such an item in this list as the displacement of the vertebrae due to incorrect performance of the massage technique. This phenomenon often occurs when the procedure is performed at home or with an unskilled masseur. The spine is a strong structure, but its structure can be broken by intense pressure or grinding in the areas of intervertebral discs, a “crunch” (when a vertebra is “inserted” with a sharp pull-out, a characteristic clicking sound is heard).
The displacement of the vertebrae leads to squeezing of large arteries, and can also damage the spinal cord, in which there are divisions of the sympathetic. Blood pressure in such cases rises sharply and drugs do not reduce it, as there is a constant sympathetic stimulation of the muscles of the blood vessels.
Massage is part of the official and alternative medicine, but you should not treat it lightly, as the incorrect implementation of massage techniques can adversely affect human health.
One of the signs of a violation of the procedure is an increase in blood pressure after the session. This can happen through the fault of the massage therapist or the patient himself, so it is important to know the reasons for such a negative effect and avoid them.