Pain sensations arising from the top of the foot, cause stiffness and tension during movement. The puffiness accompanying pain does not allow to use habitual footwear. The reason will help to understand the doctors – traumatologist, surgeon, orthopedist or rheumatologist – on the basis of examinations. Consider the causes of the disease.
Causes of pain on top of the foot
The cause of pain in the foot from above and swelling can be a stressful day, spent in constant walking. As a result, in the evening the leg muscles are overworked, and the bones are pressed and therefore they hurt. Inadequate physical activity leads to weakening of the ligaments and muscle tissue, which leads to dislocations of the joints and feet.
Improper nutrition affects the condition of the bone tissue. An imbalance in the use of food, the use of a diet that presupposes nourishment by only one of the necessary elements, leads to fragility and destruction of bones. The risk of fracture rises.
In women, the reason is the natural tendency of the body to hormonal changes, pressure on the legs during pregnancy, the withdrawal of calcium after the birth of the child and as a result of feeding, as well as illness after menopause.
Causes of pain in lifting legs:
- arthrosis of the ankle;
- flat feet;
- injuries in the form of bruises or fractures;
- diabetic foot;
- horse foot;
- valgus curvature;
- spur on the heel;
- purulent inflammatory processes;
- march stop
Overweight provokes both pain in the foot in the climb, and the emergence of a number of other serious diseases. The reason for the excess loads on the foot.
Osteoarthritis of the Ankle
Causes of pain in lifting the foot can be a dystrophic type of disease that destroys the cartilage of the toes. The disease is manifested by a crunch and pain in lifting the foot. With the progress of the disease, the formation on the bone tissue increases, the pain increases, the leg constantly swells. Fingers are subject to spontaneous dislocation.
The disease is both congenital and acquired. Often formed in childhood and adolescence due to weak muscles and loads. The footprint changes shape. Characterized by fatigue and pain when walking. The foot hurts in the area of the rise and the soles even with weak palpation.
If the disease is not treated, the pain spreads to the knees, back, spine. On the skin, in the joints of the bones, calluses form.
Occurs due to violations in the process of metabolism. Due to the accumulation of uric acid appear growths, the foot is deformed. Foot in the foot swells up. Severe pain is manifested when trying to start a movement. The disease tends to men older than middle age.
It is characterized by destructive processes in the shaft of the foot. There is swelling on the top of the foot, affecting mobility, manifestations of pain. In the event of arthritis of an infectious and allergic-infectious type, body temperature rises.
Fractures and bruises
Injuries arise from hitting something hard or due to lifting and carrying weights. Bruises are characterized by severe instant pain and the appearance of hematomas. When a fracture occurs, swelling, extensive hematomas. Motor function can be maintained. The pain of a strong and sharp is transformed into a dull and aching, progressive when walking.
The disease manifests itself with insufficient treatment of diabetes mellitus type 1. As a result of circulatory disorders and inflammatory processes in the vessels, swelling appears on the feet from above, lameness and pain in the legs.
It has the character of a congenital or acquired anomaly and is characterized by a bend of the sole in a stable character of the ankle. The patient is able to walk, relying only on one part of the foot: the heel, toe, or side of the sole.
- malfunction of the embryo;
- narrowing of the ankle joint;
- damage in the sciatic nerve area;
- polio disease;
- hemiparesis of a spastic nature.
There are rough skin folds on top of the foot, pain in the place of constant support. All components of the foot undergo changes.
The incidence of this disease in women is higher than in men. Causes – uncomfortable shoes with narrow toe and high heels. Fingers are under constant load. Drifts gradually bend and form a valgus angle. There is frequent swelling in the legs.
Spur on the heel
- standing, work on the legs;
- frequent carrying weights;
- the problem of excess weight;
- flatfoot problems.
Often occurs in people with congenital weakness in the connective muscles of the legs.
Pain occurs in the morning, at the beginning of the movement after a long period of rest.
Purulent inflammatory processes
A common type of disease of this type is panaritium. Inflammation begins due to the entry of purulent bacteria into the place of tendon bridges, through cuts, splinters, or abrasions. Panatyrias are divided into:
It is characterized by acute pain in the area of lifting the foot. The damaged area swells up, the temperature rises in this area of the skin.
To manifest pain on the top of the foot and occurs due to unusual loads on the legs. Often occurs due to carrying weights, walking on the stairs.
Often appears in the soldiers at the beginning of the service, after the marches, from which it received the name.
Establishing the diagnosis is not difficult. Symptoms are pronounced, a visual examination of the doctor, listening to complaints and feeling the place of occurrence of uncomfortable sensations, is enough. To confirm the diagnosis and the choice of method of treatment, conduct examinations:
- fluoroscopy procedure;
- complete blood count and urine.
Procedures carried out with the help of the apparatus, allow you to see the state of bone tissue. General blood and urine analysis is necessary to establish the state of the body, and identify pathological processes and organisms in the patient’s body.
Treatment of pain and swelling on the top of the foot
Pain and swelling on the top of the foot are treated, taking into account the cause of discomfort in this area, the severity of the underlying cause, and the characteristics of the patient’s body.
At the initial stages, conservative approaches are used in therapy. With fasciitis, flat-footedness and the problem of the march foot, wearing orthopedic shoes or insoles is prescribed to help the correct distribution of loads. For arthrosis and arthritis, medications are prescribed, including anesthetics, corticosteroids, chondroprotectors and antibiotics. In case of fractures and valgus deformity of the foot, fixation of damaged areas is necessary.
These diseases are treated with massage and physiotherapy courses. Surgical intervention is used in cases of uselessness of conservative methods or when running stages.
The recommendation for the treatment and prevention of these diseases – the rejection of bad habits. Diet, with the rejection of fried, fatty, smoked and salted foods, has a beneficial effect on the condition of the body. It is important to use comfortable, non-squeezing shoes.