Get a burn at home can each person, and not once. Therefore, how to give first aid to yourself and to another is an important section of knowledge for anyone. It is useful to know what products can be applied to the burn area. And what to do is undesirable or even forbidden, because of possible complications.
Most often, people get thermal burns. It could be injuries from boiling or too hot liquid, steam, fire, hot appliances.
What kind of burns can be treated at home and which ones are not?
Treat burns often at home. Thermal injuries of the first or second degree obtained in everyday life can be and are allowed to cope with them independently. But only if the affected area is small. Its size should not exceed more than 1%, that is, the palm of the victim. The exceptions are the following zones:
- The face, especially the area of the eyes, mouth, nose.
- Perineum if affected genital area. Severe urination problems may occur.
- Extensive burn of the hand;
- Extensive burn of the foot.
With lesions in these places, specialist consultation is required without delay. He will be able to evaluate correctly the severity and decide on the tactics of therapy in case of damage to the sensory organs, the respiratory tract. Consultation of narrow specialists – an ophthalmologist, a lora, a gynecologist may be required. It is better if the treatment is prescribed by the combustiologist doctor together with a specialist.
It is important to know that only a doctor treats all burns in newborns and children under one year old, and more often in the hospital!
At home, it is allowed to treat burns of the hand, foot, face, if their size is not more than a five-kopeck coin.
If everything is done correctly, the skin will heal with the first degree in a week, with the second after two or three.
- Stop the impact of the burn factor.
- Remove all clothing immediately from the burn wound, as it continues to burn;
- Quickly lower the damaged area to cool clean water. Hold for 20 minutes.
- Apply a sterile cloth.
- If the pain is severe – take a pain pill. This is ketorol, immet, nurofen, paracetamol.
- Drink warm tea.
After all the first aid measures have been completed, the pain will subside a bit, and you will need to choose what to treat the burn.
What drugs to treat a burn?
It is very good if there is always an anti-burn spray or ointment at home in the first-aid kit. If not, then this must be taken care of. Anti-burn remedies should always be hand held. The bill goes on for minutes.
Attention! Burn sprays must be applied in the first minutes after injury. The cooling of the burn with cold water only stops, you must immediately use a spray.
Important! In no case, you can not open the blisters and blisters yourself, this manipulation is done by the doctor. Do not use cotton wool and plaster when treating a burn surface. Villi wool cause additional trauma, and still stick to the wound. Adhesive tape irritates the affected dermis.
Dressing is carried out one twice a day. In advance, you need to prepare a sterile dressing, sterile gloves. Wash hands thoroughly and wipe dry. Healthy skin around the burn area is carefully treated with green paint or iodine, trying to keep the antiseptic from coming into contact with the wound. Then the agent selected for treatment is applied.
Panthenol is the number one treatment for burn wounds. The faster it is sprayed, the efficiency of the drug will be much higher. This should be done in the first 5-20 minutes, depending on how much you keep the damage site in the water. If you apply panthenol in two to three hours, its effect decreases several times. That is why in the home pharmacy, in the car, in the country, should always be this anti-burn agent or its analogues. Plus aerosols in that you do not need to touch the wound, when the pain syndrome is strongly pronounced
Solcoseryl Gel and Ointment
One of the best drugs in the treatment of burns, produced in Switzerland. At first, only gel is used, for the first 3-5 days, until the wound is tightened with granulation tissue. At the second stage, when the place is already dry, the ointment will create a protective shell and will accelerate epithelization. The gel removes rejecting dead cells from the wound, allows the wound to breathe, does not interfere with heat transfer and reduces weeping. Ointment enhances recovery processes, accelerates epithelization, increases the production of collagen fibers.
The best tool for children. It has analgesic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effect.
Effective and safe spray, based on sea buckthorn oil. It has an antiseptic, analgesic effect.
What to do if nothing was found at home from medical anti-burn drugs. And in the nearest pharmacy you will not get more soon. The main thing is not to get upset. Traditional medicine has proven and patient-tested effective recipes. At home everyone has everything to make them. So, what can you use at home?
- Raw clean potatoes, grated on a fine grater in mush. Applied on a sterile cloth. Make a replacement every 5-10 minutes for an hour.
- Gruel of fresh carrots, grated on a fine grater.
- Cabbage leaf. Clean and cool the sheet several times, varying when heated.
- Fresh pumpkin gruel from the pulp of the fruit. It is applied every 5-10 minutes on a sterile cloth.
- Powder from dry pomegranate peel.
- Soda solution. one
Signs of infection
Small burns can be treated at home if there are no signs of infection. If there is something wrong with the wound, the pain does not go away for a long time, inflammatory manifestations intensify and an urgent need to seek professional medical help. Symptoms of adherence of a pathogenic infection to the burn zone are as follows:
- The burn at the edges is red, edematous;
- There is purulent discharge;
- Body temperature rises;
- Twitching occurs in the wound;
- Increased pain in the burn area.
In case of burns it is forbidden to use:
Do not apply pieces of ice directly to the burn site. This will disturb the microcirculation and damage the burned tissue even more;
In no case do not apply cotton wool with ointment to the burn. Villi can get into the wound and cause even more irritation.
Do not smear burn with iodine. It further injures the epidermis, dries and burns the cells. Increase pain.
Do not treat the burn space with a solution of brilliant green. Increase pain, swelling inflammation, damage the cells.
It will dry the skin harder, damage the tissue, and disrupt the heat transfer.
Despite the excellent antiseptic properties of potassium permanganate, it is contraindicated in case of burns. Dries out the skin, particles of undissolved substances, increase inflammatory manifestations.
Do not urinate on the damage zone. Although this advice can be found quite often. Natural urinary tract skin bacteria in 100% of cases fall into the urine. Wet, inflamed dying cell environment, even for non-pathogenic microbes, is an ideal breeding ground. Burn infection and pus formation is ensured.
Any animal and vegetable ointments and oils
Fats clog pores, form a dangerous film, interfering with the process of cooling and evaporation, violate the separation of the inflamed exudate with dead cells. Even sea buckthorn oil is used from 3-5 days, when granulations begin to appear.
Not all burns are treated with the participation of a doctor in a hospital or clinic. It is not always possible to take an ambulance or call a specialist to the house. In such cases, it remains to rely on their knowledge, and they must meet the medical standards for the treatment of burn lesions. Otherwise, otherwise, there may be unpleasant complications.