HRT drugs for menopause new generation should be used only under the supervision of a physician. All disorders at this time due to a lack of female sex hormones. HRT is the main mechanism of pain. When hormone therapy is necessary to strive for a minimum dose of medicines that provide the amount of estrogen and facilitate well-being.
Features of treatment
The last generation HRT complex during menopause helps to relieve a woman from the symptoms of menopause, preventing osteoporosis. Treatment is made only after the patient is fully diagnosed. With HRT, this examination is performed every year. During diagnosis, the gynecologist assesses the state of the mammary glands, the structural features of the uterus and genitals.
When menopause occurs, the dosage of drugs decreases. But their use continues under medical supervision. What drugs can be used to replace the patient’s hormone condition, the gynecologist chooses individually. Today, pharmacies have different hormonal preparations for treatment of menopause. This makes it possible to make the best choice for any patient. If the uterus is not removed in a woman, the gynecologist prescribes the last generation remedy, which contains the minimum number of progestogens and estrogens.
During menopause, the patient may be prescribed several methods of treatment:
- long-term treatment is aimed at getting rid of serious pathologies in the cardiovascular system, central nervous system. HRT lasts 3–5 years, rarely up to 12 years;
- short-term therapy is aimed at getting rid of the symptoms of menopause, which is not complicated by severe depression, hormonal drugs are used 1-2 years.
Variety of HRT is determined based on complications and the degree of symptoms. If a woman will comply with all the doctor’s prescription, then she will be able to achieve a positive effect in a short time. With the help of the latest drugs, hormone replacement therapy for menopause helps to reduce nervous excitement, hot flashes, restores mucous membranes, relieves pain.
If a woman has her uterus removed, cyclic or permanent estrogen monotherapy is prescribed. The hormonal drugs of new generation hormone hormone in menopause include a patch and a gel with estradiol (Estrogel, Divigel). Gel is treated every day the skin in the abdomen or buttocks. If a plaster is used, it should be glued to the skin once a week.
If a woman has uterine dysfunctional bleeding, uterine fibroids, hormone replacement therapy is recommended for menopause with gestagens. As a rule, the Mirena intrauterine system is used, which is presented in the form of a spiral.
Women may be prescribed such new hormones as Provera, Utrozhistan, Duphaston. If the patient has a uterus and there are no diseases of this organ, then the treatment is performed with combined drugs in a constant or cyclic mode (Divina, Phimoston, Klimonorm, Angelica).
All listed drugs should be taken only on prescription. And there may be such side effects:
- mood swings;
- weight gain;
- pain in the breasts and abdomen;
- weakened sexual desire;
- breast augmentation;
- skin rashes.
In rare cases, an increase in libido, rapid weight gain, vaginal discharge and breast, erythema. During the onset of these symptoms, a gynecologist’s consultation will be required. If there are certain indications, the specialist cancels the remedy, changes the dose or mode of administration.
Since during menopause in the body of a woman estrogen is not produced enough, but there is an excessive amount of progesterone, hormonal preparations can normalize the general condition of the woman. With the help of HRT, you can eliminate the symptoms of menopause:
- increased blood pressure – a systematic violation of the nervous system, during which there are mood swings;
- dryness of the mucous membranes – the total blood hormone content in the blood decreases, this has a negative effect on reproduction and urination, the mucous membranes become thinner, which causes burning in the vagina;
- hot flashes – an increase in temperature, which is accompanied by anxiety, rapid heartbeat, increased sweating.
Hot flashes are pronounced symptoms of menopause, which is caused by a violation in the body’s thermoregulation of the hypothalamus in a woman. The doctor can prescribe the patient one or a set of medicines. These drugs are manufactured under various brand names. Funds for HRT are divided into groups, which differ in the method of application:
The method of administration of the drug is selected separately in each case. As a rule, pills are used.
This drug belongs to the anticlimacteric group. The composition of this tool are two active ingredients – gestagen and estrogen, their impact is aimed at getting rid of menopausal symptoms and preventing the development of malignant tumors of hyperplasia and endometrium.
The unique composition of the drug and compliance with the regimen of use allow normalizing the monthly cycle in patients who did not undergo the hysterectomy procedure.
The present active substance estradiol replaces in the female body the lack of natural estrogen during menopause. It helps to eliminate the psychological and vegetative diseases that occur during menopause due to a decrease in sexual activity and a decrease in the amount of testosterone. With proper use of the drug, you can reduce the appearance of deep wrinkles, increase the amount of collagen in the tissues of the epidermis. In addition, the tool reduces the risk of developing gastrointestinal diseases and the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
During an unfinished monthly cycle or rare bleeding, treatment should be performed from day 5 after the start of the critical days. During the occurrence of amenorrhea at the beginning of menopause, therapy can be made on any term with the condition that the woman is not pregnant.
One pack of medication is designed for a three-week course of therapy. To achieve the desired effect, you need to take the drug, taking into account the prescribed treatment. With the use of higher dosages of medication, side effects may occur, which are manifested by bleeding that is not associated with menstruation, vomiting and disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. You can get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of overdose with the help of systematic therapy.
If there are no contraindications to the patient, then hormone replacement therapy during postmenopause involves the use of this combined two-phase drug. Two active ingredients that are in the composition of this medicine – progesterone and estradiol, have the same effect on a woman’s body as natural hormones.
Taken together, the active elements help:
- Prevention of osteoporosis, malignant neoplasms in the area of hyperplasia and uterus.
- Getting rid of psycho-emotional disorders.
- Relief of autonomic symptoms.
Femoston in pill form should be taken daily at the same time. Treatment must be made taking into account the developed scheme. In the first 14 days it is recommended to take hormones in white pills. Further 14 days of therapy, you must use gray pills.
For patients with a predominant monthly cycle, therapy should occur from the first day of menstruation. For women whose malfunctions are noted in the monthly cycle, a course of treatment is first prescribed with the aid of the Progestogen, after Femoston is applied, taking into account the required regimen. Patients with the complete absence of monthly medication is allowed to use at any time.
To achieve the desired effect, female hormones should be taken, strictly following the prescribed treatment, only this way you can delay old age and improve overall well-being.
This tool contains phytohormones. It is used to eliminate menopausal symptoms and treat vegetovascular diseases, if there are obvious contraindications and it is prohibited to use hormones during menopause.
The duration of the course and treatment regimen are developed taking into account the personal characteristics of the female body.
Angelique with menopause
Angelica, as well as the drug Klimonorm, are drugs for menopause, which allow you to improve your well-being and get rid of unpleasant symptoms.
Angelica remedy is used for:
- Eliminating unpleasant symptoms during hot flashes and reducing the frequency of their appearance.
- Restoration of general well-being.
- Increasing the amount of testosterone and, accordingly, and restore sexual activity.
- Prevention of osteoporosis.
However, there are contraindications. It is forbidden to use this drug in the presence of such factors:
- Vein thrombosis, high blood pressure, diabetes.
- Malignant neoplasms in the chest.
- Bleeding from the vagina of unknown origin.
The product contains all hormones required during menopause, which are an ideal solution for normalizing hormonal balance or improving well-being, especially for patients over 50 years of age.
The composition of this hormonal agent is the active substance estradiol at a dosage of 3.8 mg. The patch is glued to a specific place of the skin, then the release of the active element and the overall improvement of health begins. One patch should not be used for more than a week. It just needs to be replaced with a new one, by all means changing the fixing area.
Under the influence of this tool in the body increases the amount of testosterone, it has a beneficial effect on the improvement of libido and psycho-emotional state. There are no special contraindications for use, however, it is recommended to consult a doctor before using it.
HRT involves the use of tablets, which are composed of phytoestrogens. Plant hormones are required if the patient has contraindications to the use of hormonal drugs. Drugs in this group contain phytohormones that actively eliminate the symptoms of menopause. And no side effects are noted.
Natural remedies that are included in HRT include:
The above list of drugs are made in the form of dietary supplements and homeopathic medicines. They are used for about 20 days. Therefore, the treatment of hormone therapy with non-hormonal drugs lasts longer, in contrast to the use of hormones.
At the same time advised to eat food that is rich in fiber. Only in this way is a positive HRT result. Phytoestrogens slowly act against the symptoms of menopause, but have a cumulative property. Therefore, after the completion of treatment, the woman is not subject to withdrawal syndrome. Moreover, the hormonal level is maintained at the required level. These drugs are used in the dosage prescribed by the gynecologist. It is forbidden to increase or change the dose. Otherwise, the general condition will worsen or side effects will appear.
Climax – this is absolutely no reason for the termination of normal life. But you need to give up unhealthy habits, because they increase the risk of developing heart disease and osteoporosis during menopause. Women are required to eat normally, actively move and rest. When HRT in 90% of cases reduced or completely disappears clinical symptoms.