A low pulse is most often detected by chance during a doctor’s appointment. As a rule, patients have no complaints, but weakness, drowsiness, fatigue, and low stamina can be observed. In order to understand what this problem is connected with and how to eliminate it, it is necessary to become familiar with the main processes occurring in the body and affecting heart rate.
Rhythmically contracting, the heart pumps blood to the arteries, creating jerky movements of their walls. This process is very complex, continuous work of one of the main organs of the body is ensured by the presence of unique functions in it, one of which is automatism – the ability of the heart to work independently, without the influence of the brain.
Normally, the heart muscle contracts with a frequency of 60-80 beats per minute. Reducing the frequency of contractions (HR) is associated with a violation of the function of automatism and is called bradycardia. From this it follows that the pulse is the number of movements of the artery walls.
Why is there a slow pulse?
The causes of bradycardia are quite diverse and can be both physiological, that is, not associated with any disease, or pathological. Physiological reduction in heart rate is observed in professional athletes as part of the adaptive changes in the cardiovascular system to ensure high performance of the body, as well as during sleep, and does not require additional examination and treatment.
It is important to understand that the heart is an organ that can react to any abnormality in the body. Often, low pulse is a consequence of the pathology of other organs and systems, for example, diseases of the thyroid gland, the gastrointestinal tract, electrolyte imbalance in the blood, autonomic dysfunction, various poisonings, drug overdose, hypothermia.
With regard to intracardiac causes, the slow pulse can be a manifestation of myocardial inflammation, congenital heart defects, sick sinus syndrome.
Effective and safe measures to increase the pulse rate at home
Each person, faced with bradycardia, should know how to increase the pulse at home. First you need to correctly determine the heart rate to ensure the correctness of the following actions.
To do this, you need to attach the index and middle fingers to the radial artery of the opposite hand and count the number of oscillations of the vessel wall per 1 minute, which is normally in adults from 60 to 80 strokes. The counting procedure should be carried out in a state of complete calm, in a sitting or standing position, in order to avoid distortion of the results.
A quick cup of fresh coffee and green tea with a bar of dark chocolate will help boost your pulse. This effect is due to the tonic effect of caffeine on the cardiovascular system. Similarly, there are drinks based on ginseng, sea buckthorn, lemon. Improves condition and spicy food. In particular, these are dishes with the addition of pepper, garlic, mustard, as well as onions, horseradish, radishes, ginger.
In addition, moderate exercise, such as jogging, swimming, therapeutic exercises are an effective method of dealing with this problem.
It is recommended to begin occupations with the minimum load with its gradual increase, avoiding sharp movements. For older people, walking and long-term outdoor activities will be helpful.
If there is an aroma lamp in your home arsenal, you can use a few drops of pine essential oil to take aromatic baths. This procedure will help to quickly bring the vessels in the tone and speed up the heartbeat.
It should be noted that each organism is individual, and in order to avoid negative consequences from one or another method, it is necessary to be careful with its choice.
The approach to the treatment of bradycardia is complex, part of it is the intake of a number of medicines. When choosing a drug should take into account the cause of the appearance of a low pulse. If the patient has a hormonal disturbance, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate drugs to normalize it. Before this, a patient will be given a blood test from a vein and, possibly, other instrumental examinations for the correct diagnosis of the disorder.
In the presence of neurological causes, first of all, it is a syndrome of vegetative dysfunction, in the complex therapy drugs are used that reduce the activity of the vagus nerve, for example, Amizil, Bellataminal.
Treatment methods for sinus bradycardia
Well proven drugs with stimulating effect on the body. These drugs belong to the group of adaptogens of plant, animal, mineral and synthetic origin. Among the herbal remedies isolated tincture of Eleutherococcus, Schisandra, ginseng and Rhodiola, Zelenin drops. Apply them inside in pure form or diluted in boiled water at room temperature.
Do not ignore the biogenic stimulator Apilak. It contains royal jelly – a special secret produced by the bees’ glands to feed its offspring. This is a very valuable product, rich in vitamins, microelements, enzymes, nucleic and fatty acids, which makes it almost indispensable for the doctor and the patient when deciding how to raise the pulse.
Mumiyo is another worthy representative of the adaptogen group. The drug is available in the form of tablets, pastes and rectal suppositories. The active ingredient is collected on an array of high-mountain rocks, then the product undergoes purification processes and other technological processes, leading it to the required form for the drug.
Mumiyo has a powerful restorative, restorative and tonic effect on the body. The specific effect is due to the complex of biologically active substances of both organic and inorganic nature that make up the composition.
Apply adaptogens should courses in the morning. It is important to adhere to the prescribed dosages and not to exceed them in order to avoid sleep disturbances, tachycardias, headaches, high blood pressure and allergic reactions.
People’s councils used to solve the problem of low pulse
Traditional medicine has long been famous for its effective ways to treat bradycardia. Treatment with folk remedies helps to effectively cope with a slow pulse, without resorting to medical treatment. Here are the most effective methods:
- The easiest way to prepare and at the same time the safe method is the daily use of natural juices from grapes, sea buckthorn, currants, beets, apples and pears. Fruits can be combined, alternated with each other or enjoy the same taste. The key to success is a systematic reception.
Rosehip is widely known for its beneficial properties, and its proper preparation is guaranteed to help in the shortest possible lines to solve the problem of low pulse. Recipe: 250 grams of dogrose, rinse, dry and then grind to a powder.
Place in a glass jar, pour 1 liter of water, put in a water bath and boil for 10 minutes. Then strain the broth through a sieve, cool and add 100 grams of mashed fresh currant and 50 grams of honey, stir. How to use: take 3 times a day, 50 ml of broth. The course of treatment is 1 month. After a month, you can repeat the reception.
Ways to prevent bradycardia
What to do to prevent bradycardic syndrome? The main measures for the prevention of low heart rate are aimed at correcting nutrition with the enrichment of the diet with vitamins and minerals; normalization of sleep and rest; rejection of bad habits, excessive physical and mental stress. In this case, a sedentary lifestyle is contraindicated.
It is necessary to walk at least 5 kilometers daily, to spend more time outdoors. It is important to contact the hospital in a timely manner for routine checkups and strictly adhere to all the recommendations of specialists.
Today, bradycardia is one of the most frequent cardiac arrhythmias themselves. This pathological condition requires special attention from patients, as it can be a symptom of many diseases. It is very important to identify this violation in time and establish the cause of its occurrence.
In the arsenal, the doctor has various modern diagnostic methods, both laboratory and instrumental. Early treatment provides a favorable outcome of the disease. It is strictly forbidden to engage in self-treatment. Each method used must be agreed with a specialist.