Most people occasionally have minor knee pain. Basically, our body movements do not cause problems, but it is not surprising that symptoms develop from daily wear, overload or injury.
Problems and knee injuries most often occur during sports or recreational activities, tasks related to work, or household duties.
Knee – the largest body joint. The upper and lower knee bones are separated by two disks (meniscuses). Femur and the bones of the leg (tibia and fibula) are connected:
The surface of the bones inside the knee joint is covered articular cartilage, which absorbs shocks and provides a smooth, sliding surface for movement of the joint.
Knee pain in diseases
Pain in the knee can be associated with damage to various structures of the knee (cartilage, tendons, periarticular bags). In addition to pain in the knee of patients, the reduction in joint mobility (stiffness) is often disturbed: knee flexion is disturbed, and its small lateral movements are affected.
Knee pain may be accompanied by external changes:
swelling (increase in volume).
Compared with the other joints and the joint of the other half of the body, the inflamed joint is hot to the touch. All these signs indicate the presence of arthritis of the knee – his inflammation.
Damage (injury) – the most common cause knee pain. Sudden damage may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or by abnormal twisting, bending of the knee, or falling on his knee. Pain, bruising or edema may be strong and develop within a few minutes after injury.
Nerves or blood vessels during injury may be squeezed or damaged. Can you feel numbness, weakness, cold, pricking in the knee or lower leg; they may be pale or blue.
Acute damage knees include:
Sprains, strains, or other injuries of the ligaments and tendons that connect and support the kneecap.
Breaks in the elastic cartilaginous discs of the knee joint (menisci).
Ligament breaks. The most commonly injured knee ligament is the tibial collateral ligament.
Destruction (fracture) of the patella, lower thigh, or the upper part of the tibia or fibula. Fractures of the knee most often result from the impact of an abnormal force, for example, when falling on the knee, a strong twisting of the knee, a large force that bends the knee, or when the knee beats on an object with an effort.
Displacement (dislocation) of the patella. This type of bias most often occurs in girls from 13 to 18 years old. Particles of bone or soft tissue (articular mouse) at a fracture or displacement can get stuck in the joint and interfere with its movement.
Displacement (dislocation) of the knee joint. This is a serious injury that requires immediate medical attention.
Damage due to overload
Damage caused by overload occurs with repetitive movements or repeated or long-term pressure on the knee. Activities such as climbing stairs, cycling, jogging or jumping load joints and other tissues, and can lead to irritation and inflammation.
Damage as a result of overloading include:
Inflammation of small bags with fluid that absorbs and lubricates the knee (bursitis).
Inflammation of tendons (tendinitis) or small tendon ruptures (tendinosis).
Thickening or wrinkling of the ligaments of the joint (fibrinous film syndrome).
Pain in the front of the knee from overload, injury, overweight or problems in the patella (patellar-hip joint pain syndrome).
Irritation and inflammation of a strip of fibrous tissue that goes from the outside of the femur (tibia-tibial ligament syndrome).
There may also be problems in and around the knee that are not directly related to injury or overload. Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) can lead to pain in the knee, which is strongest in the morning, and decreases during the day. It often develops at the site of a former injury. Other types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout and lupus can also lead to pain, swelling and stiffness of the knee.
Osgood-Spatter disease causes pain, swelling and soreness of the front of the knee below the knee cap. It is often found in teenage boys. Popliteal cyst (or Baker’s cyst) is the cause swelling back of the knee.
Sometimes knee pain can cause a problem in other parts of the body, such as a squeezed nerve or a hip problem. Osteochondritis causes pain in the knee and stiffness when a piece of bone or cartilage, or both, inside the knee joint is deprived of blood and dies.
Knee pain treatment
With pain in the knee will help rheumatologist, traumatologist and orthopedist. Masazhisty and chiropractors can help with an accurate diagnosis already made. Medical massage courses for pain in the knee have a beneficial effect on relieving pain in this area of the body. It should be understood that whatever the real cause of pain arising in the knee joints, what really needs to be done is to try and reduce the load that this joint can get.
During the period of severe exacerbation of pain, the patient may need not only fixation of the affected joint, but also strict bed rest with the subsequent gradual activation of the diseased leg. It is often recommended that a patient use a cane or even crutches while walking. In addition, such patients are required to wear only soft and comfortable wearing shoes until the problem is completely cured.
In the most serious, neglected cases, the patient may need a full surgical intervention of physicians. In such situations, doctors usually start with medications removes puffiness of tissues and partially restores joint mobility. And only after such training, doctors get the opportunity to conduct the necessary surgical treatment.