The content of the article:
- Why hurts in the left side
- In men
- Among women
- Main symptoms
- How to treat
- Warming up
- Folk remedies
The pain in the left side of the abdomen is a discomfortable sensation that occurs in the abdominal region or directly in the wall of the peritoneum. It can be caused by pathological processes of an acute, subacute and chronic nature, localized on the midline of the abdomen, to the left of it, below the navel. The patient may need the help of a surgeon, urologist, general practitioner or gastroenterologist. Women are recommended to always refer to a gynecologist. Diseases in 30% of cases require urgent surgical intervention.
Why does it hurt in the left side of the abdomen
To the pain in the left side are much more frivolous than in the right, explaining this by the fact that there is supposedly “nothing”. This is a delusion of ordinary people. Acute and aching pain in the left side of the abdomen can cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary system, spleen, damage to the musculoskeletal system, blood vessels. In some cases, the pain occurs outside the peritoneum. Sometimes severe pain causes inflammation of the appendix of the cecum. Left-sided appendicitis is rarely diagnosed, but during hospitalization this possibility is taken into account.
Causes of pain in the left side of the lower abdomen in men
Purely male causes of painful sensations in the very lower abdomen on the left are: inflammation and prostate adenoma, defeat of the seminal ducts on the left, inflammation of the seed tubercle.
Men are more frivolous about their own health: they engage in risky sports, overeat, abuse alcohol. Therefore, they often have:
- Gastritis. It is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach. If you take into account the anatomical structure of the body, then you can see the deviation to the left. Often caused by a violation of the food regime and overeating.
Inflammatory processes in the intestines. This group of diseases includes sigmoid diseases, polyps, diverticulitis, neoplasms of various etiologies, inflammation of the large and small intestines. Celiac disease, a disease in which gluten is no longer absorbed, is more common in male patients. Hirschsprung disease is also more common for boys. The condition is associated with congenital pathology, a violation of nerve conduction in limited areas of the large intestine. Crohn’s disease is a granular inflammatory process that most often develops in the large intestine. Nonspecific ulcerative colitis in chronic course causes pathological changes in the intestinal walls.
Problems with the spleen. Inversion, twisting large vessels, full or partial, arising under increased load or due to too sudden movements. Acute enlargement of the spleen and violation of the outflow, diseases that occur when the portal vein is blocked due to blood clots, the introduction of parasites. Splenic abscess is a purulent-inflammatory process localized in the parenchyma of the organ.
Pancreatitis. This is an inflammation of the pancreas. Acute pain in the left side of the lower abdomen in this case is localized at the level of the navel.
Urolithiasis disease. In men, it manifests itself much sharper due to physiological characteristics.
Degenerative-dystrophic processes and inflammation of the anatomical formations of the hip joint. This group includes arthrosis, arthritis, necrosis. When referring to a doctor, a lesion of the locomotor system is diagnosed in 9-14% of cases.
In addition, pain can cause left-sided pyelonephritis, inflammation of the kidney, pneumonia, or pleurisy with damage to the lower lobes of the lung.
Intercostal neuralgia and osteochondrosis occur due to professional activity associated with increased physical activity.
Why there is pain in the left side of the abdomen in women
The above pathologies can also occur in women, but it must be borne in mind that in case of painful sensations in the left side, gynecological diseases are diagnosed in 65-70% of cases.
Most common in women are:
- Unilateral adnexitis and oophoritis. This is an inflammation of the fallopian tubes or ovary. More often occur in the complex.
Neoplasms in the fallopian tube or ovary. These include cysts, polyps, tumors. Cyst formation is often associated with the menstrual cycle.
Ovary apoplexy. The rupture of ovarian tissue, which caused bleeding into the abdominal cavity and sometimes behind the peritoneum.
Endometriosis. The growth of the epithelium lining the uterus, beyond.
Ectopic pregnancy. This is a condition where the fertilized fertilized egg has fixed in the left fallopian tube.
Hemorrhoids are more common in women. Its causes can be pregnancy, childbirth, excess weight and illiterate weight loss. Especially dangerous is the constant use of laxatives.
Traditionally, adhesive disease appears after surgery. But after inflammatory processes in the reproductive organs, adhesions arise on the tubes, they are soldered to the ureters, with the wall of the peritoneum. Discomfort becomes permanent and impairs the quality of life.
Varicose disease of the vagina and vulva often develops during pregnancy, but in 15% of cases the ailment is not associated with a “special” condition.
The main symptoms of pain in the left side of the abdomen
In acute conditions, the clinical pictures of various diseases are very similar. This is the acute abdomen (tension of the anterior abdominal wall), intoxication – fever, nausea. The rate of leukocytes increases in the blood count.
Additional symptoms that help differentiate diseases:
- Innervation in the perineum, lower extremity, lumbar region and rectum is more often caused by inflammation of the reproductive organs. Characteristic signs – discharge with fragments of blood or pus from the urethra and vagina. In women, the cycle is broken, intermenstrual bleeding occurs.
Permanent discomfort and feelings of burden during the first weeks of ectopic pregnancy. Soreness at rupture of the fallopian tube is replaced by acute pain, characterized as dagger. Additional symptoms – almost black discharge. If the fallopian tube breaks, surgical intervention is necessary. Apoplexy causes similar symptoms, but the discharge can be serous or with a small amount of blood. Often enough conservative therapy.
Signs of intestinal diseases are very similar: diarrhea or constipation, flatulence, arching sensations, nausea, vomiting. Feelings – cutting or stabbing, cramps appear. The temperature may rise.
Diseases of the spleen are dangerous because until the condition becomes deadly, there is mild discomfort. Soreness increases with coughing, deep breaths, with physical exertion.
Urological diseases are diagnosed when 70-90% of patients are hospitalized. The pain in colic is so acute that men accustomed to physical pain barely restrain their groans. Additional signs: increased urge to urinate, urinary retention or an increase in its amount. The color of urine changes, it becomes cloudy, calculus appears in it, fragments of blood and pus in the form of flakes or filaments.
When inguinal lymphadenitis pain increases with walking, given in the back, leg.
When adhesive pain diseases are periodic. Strengthened with exercise, against the backdrop of physical effort, with coitus in women.
When inflammation of the joints, the temperature does not rise above 37 ° C.
With varicose vulva and vagina pain pulling, aggravated by prolonged stay in the sitting position.
Laboratory tests and hardware diagnostics help to accurately diagnose.
How to treat pain in the left side of the abdomen
If the patient needs an urgent operation, then it is usually carried out in the classical way, with the help of a scalpel. In case of early detection of diseases and planned hospitalization, preference is given to surgical intervention using the endoscopic method. Such operations are not highly traumatic, the rehabilitation period is short, there are practically no scars. In cases where tissue samples are required for histological examination, abdominal surgery is performed. If conservative treatment is prescribed, first try to stop the pain.
Abdominal pain injections
Injections are used for severe pain in the left side of the abdomen. Medicines that enter the bloodstream immediately act much faster than pills.
Doctors ambulance or in the hospital for the rapid elimination of pain used narcotic analgesics, often Diamorphine or Tramadol. In case of oncologic diseases, they are discharged to patients who are at home. More often, these drugs are prescribed to patients hospitalized with renal colic.
In addition, use of non-narcotic analgesic Analgin, antispasmodics Spazmalgon, Baralgin, Drotaverin, Papaverine hydrochloride.
Ketorolac, Denebol, Ketorol and Diclofenac – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – most often prescribed for pain in the intestines, reproductive organs and the musculoskeletal system.
After elimination of the exacerbation, patients are recommended to switch to drugs in the form of tablets.
Tablets to eliminate pain in the left side
At home, it is more convenient to use drugs in pills.
Most often used:
- Preparations of universal action, eliminating spasms of smooth muscles: Baralgin, Spazmalgon, Spazgan, No-shpa, Papaverin.
Non-narcotic analgesics Paracetamol and Analgin. They are used less frequently. Both drugs inhibit prostaglandin synthesis by acting on the hypothalamus. If the pain is severe, it is better to choose a different drug.
The possibility of using the following pharmaceutical preparations is determined on the basis of the clinical picture. If vomiting is an additional symptom, metoclopramide is prescribed. If the pain in the lower abdomen on the left is due to partial intestinal obstruction or increased meteorism, Reglan and Espumizan are prescribed.
If diarrhea has provoked painful cramps, use of loperamide. For example, Lopedium, Stoperan and the like. Congestion eliminate Mebeverin, Riabal, Fenibaberan.
Candles against pain in the left side of the abdomen
Suppositories are preferable to use in the treatment of children, to eliminate pain in the reproductive organs and urinary system.
In the form of suppositories produced: Voltaren, Flamax, Movalis, Indomethacin, Diclofenac. Recommendations for use are the same as when using tablets.
Antispasmodic suppositories are suppositories with papaverine hydrochloride and No-X-sha. Papaverine is rapidly absorbed and eliminates smooth muscle spasms. But-X-sha eliminates intestinal spasms, quickly removes urinary retention, relieves menstruation.
Rofecoxib is used for bone and muscle pain.
For hemorrhoids, prostatitis, adnexitis and painful periods, suppositories are prescribed, the active substance in which is belladonna extract.
Warming up from left abdominal pain
Before relieving pain with thermal procedures, make sure there is no inflammation.
- When urine retention, a warm heating pad is applied to the perineum, or they sit over hot water.
With a sudden renal colic caused by the movement of sand or stones along the ureter, they sit in a hot bath. The duration of the procedure is no more than 15 minutes.
At high temperatures, heating is not used.
Folk remedies for pain in the left abdomen
Traditional medicine offers many tools that stop intestinal spasms.
Medicines made according to the following recipes quickly eliminate flatulence and stagnation:
- Melissa Broth with Cumin. Brew a glass of boiling water with a tablespoon of a mixture of dried lemon balm and cumin seeds (1: 1 ratio). Insist 15 minutes, drink during meals.
Cinnamon with lemon juice. In 0.5 liters of boiling water pour 1/3 teaspoon of cinnamon, a teaspoon of lemon peel and 3 tablespoons of lemon juice. Boil for 1 minute. Honey is added to taste. If the bowel disorder is associated with increased acidity, the tool is not used.
Oak bark decoction. Spasms caused by diarrhea are eliminated with oak bark decoction. 1/2 tablespoon of bio-raw material is boiled for 10 minutes in 300 ml of boiling water and infused for 10 minutes.
Tincture of anise with cumin or coriander. Eliminates spasms in the large intestine. The ingredients are mixed in equal quantities, pour 1 teaspoon of boiling water, insist hour.
Tincture of motherwort, yarrow and peppermint. It helps from pain with adnexitis, menstruation and kallikulite. Dry herbs are mixed in equal amounts and brew 1 tablespoon of 0.5 liters of water. Insist 15 minutes.
Funds from the arsenal of traditional medicine is used only when the diagnosis is known.
Recommendations for clinical nutrition
To eliminate the pain in the left abdomen, changing the nature of power, it is impossible. But knowing your weak points, the deterioration can be prevented.
Recommendations for stabilization:
- Pain in the digestive tract. It is necessary to relieve the intestines in order to reduce the innervation from the inflamed organ. The volume of intestinal gases will decrease, there will be no discomfort.
Menstrual pain. Reducing the amount of gas-forming products will help eliminate pain.
When pain in the intestine refuse products that irritate the mucous. This group includes fatty foods, rich broths, all spicy and sour. Products are steamed, boiled and stewed. Fermented milk products and cereals help to normalize the bowels: oatmeal, buckwheat, barley and wheat. When diarrhea go on fig. The load on the intestines is eliminated with the help of fractional nutrition (the number of meals can be increased up to 5-6 times a day) and careful grinding of the ingredients of the dishes.
What to do if the stomach hurts in the left side – look at the video: