Under the name of versicolor mean dermatological disease of fungal or viral etiology manifested by skin rashes. Symptoms and type of pathogen determine the type of disease. So, there are several main types of lichen – pink, red, scaly, ringing and shingles. And even if the person’s zoster does not pose a threat to life, it should be treated professionally. Some people confuse the symptoms of ailments, establish their own diagnosis, begin to self-medicate and thereby aggravate the course of the disease.
How to determine whether or not she is, the dermatologist knows for sure, therefore, when the first rash appears, contact your doctor immediately. Independently at home, you can only assume the disease, but for this you need to know how to recognize this or that kind of deprivation based on the nature of the rash and associated symptoms.
Signs of Giber’s disease (pink lichen)
To find out what exactly pink lichen (another name for Gibert’s disease) manifested on the body, a person can by the characteristic pink spots. But remember, the definition of the disease is the prerogative of the dermatologist, you yourself can only assume the disease.
One of the first signs of Giber disease is flaky pink plaques. The onset of the disease is characterized by the appearance of large spots (the spot can be one or several at a time), their diameter varies from 2 to 10 cm. Lichen-free plaques can be localized on any part of the body, but most often affect the upper torso. Symptoms such as itching and burning are observed only in 50% of cases.
After 3-4 days around large spots, you can observe the appearance of plaques of smaller diameter, they also have a pink color, clear boundaries and peeling. The true cause of the disease has not been established, but experts agree that the illness has a viral etiology and appears against a background of reduced immunity. Thus, according to the observations of scientists, it was found that Ziber лиш s zoster is most often manifested in people in the offseason (autumn and spring), since it is at this time that the human immune system is weakened.
Pink versicolor belongs to the category of self-healing diseases, therefore there is no need for specific therapy.
Usually starting at 4 weeks after infection, the disease is declining. Full recovery occurs at 6-8 week. To speed up the healing process, a doctor may prescribe antiviral immunostimulatory drugs (Novirin, Acyclovir). With a pronounced burning, itching, it is recommended to take antihistamines (Cetrin, Zodak, Claritin).
Signs of multicolored (pityriasis) lichen
Irregular spots localized on the upper part of the body can indicate the presence of multi-colored (chisol-like) lichen. It is characteristic of this type of disease that the color of the spots may change – at first the plaques are pink, then they turn brown, and eventually they turn brown. In addition to aesthetic discomfort, slight itching and desquamation may occur.
Initially, lichen-free spots are single, but as the progression of the disease increases, their number increases, the plaques merge together, which leads to a large-scale skin lesion. Without the necessary treatment, the lichen spreads over the entire surface of the back, goes to the stomach and rises above. Tinea versicolor never affects lower limbs.
It is possible to check whether you have pityriasis versicolor even at home with the help of iodine – apply a small amount of the product onto the surface of the plaques, seizing at the same time areas of healthy skin. A persistent brown color of the spots will indicate a pityriasis versicolor, but healthy skin around will stain less intensively (acquire a yellow tint).
The cause of the disease is a fungal infection, therefore, in the treatment the main ones are antifungal drugs (Lamisil, Mycozoral, Funginal) for external use.
Also for exfoliation of the upper corneous layer of the plaque is treated with keratolytic agents (salicylic acid, resorcinol alcohol). When large-scale lesions or complicated course of the disease, it is advisable to use antifungal agents of systemic action (Fluconazole, Itraconazole, Ketoconazole).
Symptoms of Shingles
It is possible to distinguish shingles from other types of the disease by the nature of the rash – the plaques spread along the nerve terminal innervation mainly in the area of the ribs. Characteristically, neuralgia precedes the rash (in places where the rash will be located, a few days before this, pain syndrome appears).
Doctors believe that the cause of the rash is a herpetic infection that is activated against the background of reduced immunity. Initially, edematous pink plaques appear, and after a few days, vesicles filled with exudate form on their surface. The disease is accompanied by intense pain, itching, fever.
After 7-9 days, vesicles burst, dry, crusts appear on the surface, which after some time disappear leaving bright pigment spots (it is not necessary to worry that pigmentation soon takes on a natural skin color). With adequate therapy, the disease retreats after 10-15 days, but even after treatment, neuralgia can torment a person for a long time.
Therapies are antiviral drugs (Famciclovir, Acyclovir), analgesics (Baralgin, Pentalgin, Diclofenac), as well as antihistamine medicines (Zyrtec, Cetrin, Zodac).
Sometimes with a complicated form of the disease, eye damage can be observed, then antiviral drops of Idoxuridine or Lassar antiseptic paste are prescribed.
Signs of ringworm
Trichophytosis or microsporia (ringworm) is provoked by a fungal infection. Fungi microsporum and trihofiton live on the body of animals, and are transmitted to humans by contact. Ringworm is the most contagious, difficult to cure type of disease.
It affects not only the scalp, but also the smooth surface of the skin, the dynamics of development in both cases is the same. On the skin are formed clearly defined red spots ring-shaped. Their surface is edematous, covered with small watery bubbles, the size reaches 3-5 cm. After the puffiness subsides and the bubbles on the plaques burst, a scab (crust) forms, scaling occurs, intense itching. Characteristic with the defeat of the hairy part is a mealy plaque that covers the scalp with a thick layer. In addition, brittleness (with microsporia) or hair loss (with trichophytia) is observed in the lesions.
The main means of therapy are local antifungals (Kanesten, Lamisil, Zalain). Medicines of systemic action – Terbinafine, Itraconazole, Griseofulvin. In case of complicated forms of the disease, antibacterial therapy is prescribed.
Signs of red lichen
The reasons provoking the development of the disease include the dysfunction of the immune system, metabolic disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, and nerve overload. The disease affects the skin, nails, and also spreads to the mucous membranes.
Characteristic features of red lichen are small papules of small size with retracted center and glossy surface. Gradually, the papules merge into a single conglomerate, forming continuous lines of rash. The color of the rash is bright red, sometimes brown or purple. Peeling, characteristic of many species depriving, no.
If the rash is localized on the mucous membranes, the color of the papules is grayish. With the defeat of the nails there is a separation of the plates, they become fragile and eventually collapse. The disease is difficult to treat and requires specific therapy.
Since the basis of the disease is immune dysfunction, the doctor prescribes immunosuppressants (suppressing the activity of the immune system). Antibiotics, glucocorticosteroids and antihistamines are also prescribed. Conduct vitamin therapy and physiotherapy.
Remember, by yourself you can only assume ailment, the exact diagnosis and appropriate treatment should be determined by the doctor.