The appearance of unpleasant sensations in the throat, developing into annoying pain, is a rather frequent symptom that occurs when breathing in too dry or too cold air, excessive load on the vocal cords, drinking very cold or, conversely, unbearably hot drinks and food, smoking and allergies. Sore throat can be caused by both bacterial (streptococcal, staphylococcal and hemophilic infections) and viral infections (influenza, SARS, infectious mononucleosis). A sore throat can be the first symptom of such a serious disease as aplastic anemia. Of course, in many cases, it is impossible to do without the help of a doctor, but let’s first talk about how to treat a sore throat with our own resources.
Proper nutrition can help cure sore throats
At the time of illness, even if the sore throat is not so severe, it is better to exclude from the diet solid foods that can damage the already inflamed nasopharyngeal mucosa.
Up to complete recovery, your meals should be made up of cereals, soups, soft bread and vegetables, boiled or cooked in a double boiler. Our ancestors also knew about the beneficial properties of the pumpkin and that its use speeds up recovery from a sore throat. Substances contained in the pumpkin, reduce pain and intensity of inflammation.
Eating foods high in fat will help in the treatment of sore throat. Fats are a source of vitamin A and E, the antioxidant properties of which contribute to the rapid restoration of the inflamed mucosa. In addition, fatty food envelops the sore throat, thus facilitating breathing.
It is better to refuse spicy seasonings and sauces, especially since spicy food itself can be the cause of sore throat. But onions and garlic – a real fount of volatile production and beneficial essential oils, which successfully fight against angina and colds.
It is no secret that honey is an excellent natural antiseptic and immunostimulant, and it is great for treating sore throats. But you need to use it with caution, starting with small doses, so as not to provoke an allergic reaction and a strong cough. Add honey to your drink, which during the illness should be consumed much more than the usual norm. Suitable milk, tea, brewed with mint, ginger root or cloves, jelly and fruit drinks. All food and drink should be pleasantly warm, not hot.
Special microclimate for the treatment of sore throat
The microclimate in which the patient is located significantly affects the course of the disease. If the air in the room is too dry and dusty, the mucous membrane dries out, local resistance of the body decreases and the infection spreads faster. Cough becomes more intense, the sore throat is stronger, sit down voice.
To avoid such consequences, you need to humidify the air: do a wet cleaning, put a container with water next to the bed, hang a wet towel on a heater or use a humidifier. Optimum humidity should be 40-60 percent.
Do not be lazy to regularly do steam inhalation with the addition of essential oils of eucalyptus, fir, sage, mint. The same oils can be added to the humidifier or aroma lamp. Try not to smoke, so as not to injure the mucous throat.
How to treat sore throat water procedures
The old grandmother’s rinsing method on the background of modern preparations has not lost its relevance. Regularly rinsing your sore throat, you clear the mucous membrane of the tonsils and oropharynx from disease-causing organisms and their metabolic products, which significantly accelerates the healing process.
In order for the result to be noticeable, the throat should be rinsed at least every 2–3 hours and better after eating, rather than before meals.
For the treatment of throat gargling, various alcoholic tinctures (for example, calendula tincture), a salt-soda solution or decoctions of chamomile, stem, sage, calendula, linden, elderberry and eucalyptus are used, which act as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic.
Treat throat lozenges
Anyone who has cured his throat at least once is familiar with the painful sensations of sharp pain and drying of the mucous membranes that occur after a night’s sleep. This is due to the fact that at night you practically do not swallow saliva, which means that there is no natural cleansing of the diseased area from the causative agents of the disease.
The effect of a variety of local remedies for the treatment of sore throat is based on the stimulation of salivation and the natural cleaning of the mucous membrane. Today, the pharmacy has a large selection of different lozenges, lozenges and lozenges. Such drugs as Strepsils, Faringosept, Lizobakt, Laripront contain chlorhexid and lysocil having antiseptic effect.
The drug Septoleta combines anti-inflammatory and antiseptic action. They successfully treat sore throats and lozenges with extracts of sage and other medicinal herbs.
Falimt, Tüns, Mentos lollipops have anesthetic effect. And the drug Anti-Angin provides a double action: antiseptic and anesthetic. Imudon resorption pills will help increase the local resistance to the disease.
It is also necessary to pay attention to a large number of sprays and aerosols: Kameton, Orasept, Hexoral, Bioparox, Tantum Verde, and so on. If the children’s cold is treated, even the most innocent lozenges cannot be taken without consulting a doctor.
Hurry to the doctor
Trying to cure ailment on your own, always remember the rules of self-treatment and, if 2-3 days after the onset of the disease, the symptoms do not diminish, this is an occasion to consult a doctor.
Most often, sore throat is caused by a viral infection, but inflammation of the throat of bacterial origin (for example, sore throat and pharyngitis) poses the greatest danger. If streptococcus or staphylococcus became the causative agent of the disease, it is likely that the infection spread throughout the body and damage other internal organs – kidneys, heart, joints, therefore, without a course of antibiotics, which is prescribed by a doctor, it will not be possible to cure the sore throat.
It is very important at the initial stage of treatment to correctly diagnose the disease, otherwise serious complications can arise, such as rheumatic inflammation, glomerulonephritis, heart disease. With inadequate treatment of streptococcal tonsillitis (sore throat), there is a risk of formation of paratonsylial abscess. A sore throat can signal the development of much more serious diseases: diphtheria, scarlet fever, tularemia, and even plague.
Urgently consult a doctor with these symptoms:
– Severe pain in the throat, not giving open mouth and swallow food;
– headache, pain and congestion in the ears;
– fever from 38 ° C to 40 ° C;
– gray-white bloom on tonsils and polyps;
– redness in the back of the throat;
– swelling in the neck and face;
– painful and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and lower jaw;
– no improvement in treatment for two to three days.
If the doctor, having examined you and having established the diagnosis, has prescribed a course of antibiotics, do not neglect the treatment, otherwise you risk getting serious complications.