Intestinal dysbiosis is a pathological condition in which it violates the relationship between certain types of microorganisms. This disorder occurs in 9 out of 10 adults and in almost 100% of children. That is why a huge number of people have a question: How to treat intestinal dysbiosis? When is it worth to sound the alarm and go to the clinic? Is it possible to completely get rid of this problem? All the answers you will find in this article.
What are the causes of intestinal dysbiosis?
To begin to treat intestinal dysbiosis is necessary to eliminate the immediate cause of the development of this disorder. Therefore, the determination of those factors that contributed to the imbalance in the intestine is of great importance. The most likely causes are the following:
- Stressful situations, unstable psycho-emotional state;
- Allergic reactions;
- Diseases of the digestive tract;
- Often recurrent viral respiratory diseases;
- Age-related changes of microflora;
- Various intestinal infections;
- Unbalanced and poor nutrition;
- Long-term medication (especially antibiotics);
- Long-term hormone therapy and treatment with NSAIDs;
- Radiation and chemotherapy for cancer;
- Immunodeficiency states.
It should be noted that the inhabitants of megacities are much more likely to suffer from this disease. This is due to constant stress, poor nutrition, poor environment and uncontrolled intake of antibiotics.
Symptoms of dysbiosis
It is extremely important in time to suspect the onset of the disease and seek help from a specialist. After all, any medicine for dysbacteriosis works better at the earliest stages of the onset of this pathology. So, what you should pay attention in the first place:
Changes in the gastrointestinal tract:
- Lack of appetite, nausea (sometimes vomiting), taste of metal in the mouth;
- Rumbling and bloating, belching;
- Any pain in the abdomen;
- Ineffective urging to stool, incomplete bowel movements;
- Diarrhea, constipation, or both;
- Liquid, mushy feces mixed with mucus or small and hard with constipation;
- Unpleasant sour or putrid smell of feces.
- Excessive dry skin and mucous membranes;
- Skin eruption;
- Itching mucous and skin.
However, not always the above symptoms are accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis. At the same time, this disorder can be completely asymptomatic.
Before starting treatment, the doctor conducts a comprehensive examination of the patient, aimed at finding out the exact cause of the development of dysbiosis. It usually includes one or more of the following procedures:
- Bacteriological examination of feces. The most popular method, but his results have to wait a little less than 7 days. In addition, the results of bacterial sowing feces are quite controversial, due to the severity of the correct material intake;
- Sowing aspirate the contents or biopsy of a specific section of the small intestine. It is used extremely rarely due to multiple technical difficulties;
- PCR diagnostics. Informativeness is high, but only in relation to a limited circle of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms and some viruses. Often used to identify infections;
- Mass spectrometry;
- Gas-liquid chromatography;
- Respiratory tests.
Currently, the diagnosis of dysbacteriosis is not informative enough. This is due to the fact that until now there are no clear norms for the composition of the intestinal biocenosis throughout the world. After all, it depends on many associated factors (human food addictions, climate, season, past diseases, etc.)
How to cure intestinal dysbiosis?
Treatment depends on the cause of the development of dysbacteriosis. However, it should always be comprehensive and include all of the following activities:
- The fight against excessive bacterial contamination of the small intestine;
- Improving the processes of intestinal absorption and digestion;
- Stimulation of the general reactivity of the body (increased immunity);
- Restoration of normal intestinal motility;
- Elimination of imbalance of microorganisms in the colon.
The general scheme of treatment is as follows:
1-2 degree of dysbiosis
- Functional nutrition:
- Dietary fiber and pectin. All this is contained in cereals (bran), root crops (carrots, beets), cabbage, fruits, mushrooms, algae;
- Basic amino acids;
- Dairy products in which there are bifidobacteria and lactobacilli (butter, cottage cheese, cheese, yogurt, kefir);
3 degree of dysbiosis
- Functional nutrition;
- Probiotics (Laktovit, Linex, Bifi forms).
4 degree of dysbacteriosis
- Functional nutrition;
- Antibacterial therapy (antibiotics, intestinal antiseptics, bacteriophages).
Proper nutrition and healthy lifestyle
These two points are one of the most important moments in the treatment of dysbacteriosis. So, it is strictly forbidden for patients to endure heavy physical exertion, it is recommended to avoid psycho-emotional experiences and stresses. It is necessary to perform certain physical exercises daily, do evening and morning runs.
If we talk about diet, then it should first of all be aimed at preventing mechanical thermal or chemical damage to the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract. Food for intestinal dysbiosis should be varied and complete. Include all the necessary micronutrients and vitamins. Food should be taken without haste and at fixed times.
Fight against excessive colonization
It is carried out with the help of antibacterial drugs. It should be remembered that you can only use as prescribed by a doctor. By the way, they are used less frequently, or more precisely, only with the threat of sepsis or the penetration of bacteria into the bloodstream.
In all other cases, treatment is carried out with the help of intestinal antiseptics (Furazolidone, Nitroxol, etc.). Their action is somewhat weaker, which creates conditions for the growth of normal microflora.
Restoration of normal microflora
This is the most time-consuming process in which many drugs for intestinal dysbiosis are involved. Among them, probiotics (contain normal microflora) and prebiotics (products that facilitate the survival of normal microflora) are considered the most effective. Today, the most common bacteria that make up these drugs are lactobacilli and bifidobacteria.
Long-term treatment is about 2-3 months. Moreover, the dose and frequency of medication should be determined exclusively by the attending physician.
In many ways, the state of immunity depends on the nutrition of the person. However, the following drugs may additionally be prescribed: Immunal, Timogen, Timalin and others.
Treatment of dysbiosis folk remedies
Of course, traditional methods of treatment can not replace complex traditional treatment. However, they can speed up the balance of intestinal microflora to some extent. But in any case, the use of grandmother’s means should be negotiated with your doctor to prevent undesirable consequences.