Joint pain and stiffness in the morning bother most of the population, but few people pay attention to these symptoms. The cause of such sensations is often arthritis, a disease that leads to disability in its advanced form. It is necessary to start the treatment of arthritis as soon as possible, this will increase the chances of a full recovery.
Many people with such a disappointing diagnosis are concerned with the question whether arthritis is completely treated. In most cases, polyatritis is curable, but in order to achieve positive dynamics, it is necessary to undergo a long-term course of treatment and rehabilitation, without neglecting the advice of your doctor.
Arthritis is a disease characterized by inflammation in the joint. Arthritis has no age limit and can appear in people of all ages, even in young children under 3 years old, but most often the disease affects older patients older than 60 years.
In the event that one joint becomes inflamed, the disease is called monoarthritis, in case of multiple lesions of the joints – polyarthritis. The disease can develop gradually, then it will be chronic. If the disease progresses rapidly, then it is an acute form of arthritis, which is most dangerous, since there is less time left for treatment than during the chronic course of the disease.
The main cause of any arthritis is the failure of immunity, which can be caused by the following factors:
- elderly age;
- genetic predisposition;
- joint injuries;
- excess weight;
- hormonal disruptions;
- infectious diseases;
- too much exercise;
- autoimmune diseases;
- vitamin deficiency, metabolic disorders;
- passive lifestyle;
- alcohol abuse;
- allergic reactions.
In general, the impetus for the occurrence of the disease is an unhealthy lifestyle, because of which there is an excessive load on the immune system or the joints themselves. In this case, the body can not withstand the pressure and arthritis occurs.
The main syndrome of any arthritis is pain in the joints and stiffness when moving. But, depending on the type of illness, the pain may be less intense, and during the period of exacerbation other unpleasant symptoms may appear. Some types of arthritis cause complications of the internal organs, kidneys, liver and heart.
- Reactive. Such arthritis occurs a few weeks after the urinary or intestinal infection. During the disease, the knee joints are asymmetrically affected, the temperature rises, and the pain is moderate.
- Rheumatoid. With this disease, the joints are affected symmetrically, and the disease begins most often with small joints, on the fingers. The pains are usually mild at the beginning and disappear during physical exertion, but they intensify at night.
- Infectious. In this case, the disease occurs within a few weeks after infection, viral, bacterial, fungal. The disease is severe, the joint swells severely, the skin around it turns red, the body temperature rises, and general weakness appears.
- Gouty. Such arthritis manifests itself as an attack of pain at night, the joint swells up, it is possible to touch it. A few days later the attack passes unexpectedly.
- Psoriatic. In this case, the disease develops slowly, the skin around the joint swells and reddens, it becomes hot to the touch. The pain in this case is weak and appears mainly during the first movements after a night’s sleep.
- Traumatic. In the latter case, the disease provokes injury to the joint. The sore spot swells, there is redness and moderate pain, there may be a crunch when moving.
The effectiveness of arthritis treatment depends on the stage at which it began. There are only 4 stages:
- at stage 1 polyarthritis is curable, there is no complication after the disease;
- at stage 2, possible complications and the transition to the chronic form with relapses;
- at stage 3, there is likely to be a violation in the mobility of the joint;
- and stage 4 is incurable, motor problems remain forever.
The treatment period is usually long, the doctor carries out an examination, and depending on the type of the disease, prescribes a set of measures aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease and maintaining the joint health. The answer to the question whether arthritis can be cured depends primarily on the patient, on how he will follow all the recommendations of the doctor.
In rheumatoid arthritis, the doctor prescribes basic drugs that suppress the immune system, preventing it from further destroying the joints. These drugs have a large number of side effects, therefore they are prescribed individually in each case.
For all types of arthritis, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are indicated, which relieve pain and reduce inflammation in the tissues. Tablets, injections in the joint, or topical ointments may be prescribed.
In the complex therapy, prescribed antibiotics, antidepressants, diuretic drugs and vitamins can be prescribed, as well as the patient is shown physiotherapeutic procedures, therapeutic exercises, massage and therapeutic baths.
Folk remedies can be used as a supplement to treatment, but only after consulting a doctor. Traditional methods will help reduce pain and inflammation, thus reducing the dosage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory substances.
The most effective recipes for relieving arthritis symptoms:
- Baths for feet and hands. It is necessary to collect warm water in a basin, add 6 drops of fir oil to it and immerse the limbs in it for 15 minutes. After the procedure, you need to rub the joint area with fir oil and wear wool socks.
- Bath with sage. You need to dial a bath of water 37-38 degrees, add to it an infusion of their sage, a long procedure no more than 15 minutes. Infusion is prepared from 5 liters. boiling water and 20
It is important to note that any treatment aimed at warming the sore spot is contraindicated if there is suppuration. Heat will greatly worsen the condition. In other cases, heat exposure is indicated for arthritis. If a strong burning sensation appears, the skin should be washed and this tool should not be used anymore. If a rash appears, you should consult with a specialist.
As a preventive measure for arthritis, it is recommended to maintain a healthy lifestyle, stop taking alcohol, drugs and tobacco, and observe personal hygiene. To reduce the risk of disease, it is necessary to treat all infectious diseases well and on time, without neglecting visiting specialists.
Nutrition should be balanced, and physical exertion moderate. For healthy joints, it is recommended to perform daily gymnastics and spend time in the fresh air. All these measures will help strengthen the body and immunity, and reduce the risk of arthritis and other dangerous for human life and health diseases, such as diabetes.