All the girls are interested in when they start their period for the first time, and their mothers want to know for sure at what age the onset of the first menstruation is considered optimal.
Normally, their onset is considered to be at the age of 12 to 14 years. But recently, doctors say that menstruation begins much earlier, or, conversely, much later than provided by the generally accepted timeframe. For example, the first menstrual periods (menarche) begin at the age of 8 to 10 years.
The first regulation in girls occurs after secondary sexual characteristics are formed. Before the onset of menstruation, the condition of the skin often changes – acne and pimples appear on the face.
Deviations from the norm
Ideally, everything seems to be clear, but the female body is unpredictable and individual, so there are different cases.
In adolescents, the onset of the first menstruation depends on the development of the genital organs and the organism as a whole. There are girls skoroselki who are too young, but the body is already developed at 13-14.
Unfortunately, all deviations from normal indicators have reasons, sometimes violations can be quite serious.
Deviations from the norm:
- The first periods begin at the age of 8 – 9 years.
- Belated start after 15 years.
Such manifestations suggest that there are serious disorders in the body.
The reasons may be:
- Endocrine disruption.
- Inflammatory processes in the internal genital organs.
It is not excluded that the belated first menstruation may be psychological in nature, when the girl in the transitional period there are often emotional shakes and nervous breakdowns.
Mom should look at her child, talk heart to heart with her. A girl can be very upset if her menstruation starts so early and all this will further affect her health. It’s no wonder they say that all diseases are from nerves. Sometimes mom doesn’t even know anything about the first menstruation, and the girl doesn’t know how to tell that her period has started.
The same applies to the situation when there is no monthly in 15 years. Perhaps a teenager should be taken to a gynecologist and he will identify problems for which critical days never begin.
Menstruation too early
There are cases when the first periods begin at 8 years. The girl does not even understand what happened. Well, if with her mom she has a trusting relationship and she will talk about blood on her panties. And if the child does not share her secrets with her mother, then the mother herself should closely monitor the behavior of the girl in order to come to her aid in time.
If the first periods begin too early, then there are many explanations for this phenomenon:
- Violation of hormonal background.
- Decreased ovarian function.
- Genetic factor.
- Constitutional features of the girl.
- Fat physique.
- Functional disorders of the nervous system.
- Constant stress.
- The lack of proper rest.
- Lack of vitamins in the body.
Monthly, appeared prematurely, talking about early puberty girls. This process is completely controlled by the central nervous system.
It is possible that there are latent painful processes in the brain that negatively affect the state of the body:
- The presence of pituitary tumors. The presence of irreversible organic changes in this structure of the brain.
- Impaired transmission of impulses from the cerebral cortex.
Such disorders contribute to enhanced secretion of the hormone that stimulates the maturation of the follicle and the appearance of lutein. The work of the ovaries becomes active and ovulation occurs.
The appearance of the first menstruation is also determined by the psychological factor. As a rule, with emotional overload and functional disorders of the nervous system, there is a proportion of the likelihood that menstruation will occur earlier than the prescribed period.
On the appearance of early menstruation affects the nature of the power of a teenage girl. Eating spicy or salty foods contributes to early puberty.
There are cases that menstruation begins early and also stops abruptly. This is quite a serious failure in the body, and this problem cannot be solved without a doctor.
Women whose puberty occurred earlier may have health problems in the future:
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- The destruction of bone tissue (osteoporosis).
- Malignant tumor in the chest.
Menstruation is late
It happens that even in 14-15 years there are no periods. Lack of menarche can be caused by hormonal disruption, which can be restored without health risks at an early stage.
The endocrine system affects the girl’s menstrual cycle and it also depends on the age at which menstruation begins.
And if the first menstrual periods began at the age of 15 years later, then this is a reason to consult a gynecologist for advice.
There are several reasons that can cause a delay in this process:
- The structure of the uterus has congenital abnormalities.
- Insufficient functioning of the pituitary system.
- Functional disorder of the nervous system.
- Great physical exertion.
- Body weight is constantly fluctuating.
- Unbalanced nutrition.
- Environmental pollution.
A rather frequent factor in the late onset of the first menstruation is too low a girl’s weight. Statistics show that thin and stunted girls have their first menstruations with a noticeable delay. The reason lies in the lack of fat in the body.
As you know, in this condition, a sufficient level of the hormone estrogen is not produced, and this is the reason that the first menses are significantly delayed.
At the initial stages, this anomaly is quite successfully corrected, but in advanced cases, the development of such complications as:
- Malignant tumor of the endometrium.
- Mammary cancer.
Being overweight in a girl also leads to abnormalities in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. For this reason, there is a delay of menstruation or their absence.
The onset of the first menstruation is an important indicator of the ability of the female body to conceive a child. But the early onset of regulations or their lag indicates that there are serious disorders in the body that require careful examination by a specialist.