Chickenpox is a familiar viral infection, accompanied by fever and characteristic skin rashes. In adults, the disease is more aggressive than in children. From this article, you will learn how much the temperature keeps at chickenpox, whether it is necessary to beat down the heat and, if shot down, what to use for this.
Why does chickenpox temperature occur?
The appearance of heat is due to viral intoxication of the body. When a chickenpox pathogen enters the body of a healthy person, the virus is fixed in cells of the skin epithelium and mucous membranes, after which it multiplies and enters the bloodstream, spreading throughout the body, which leads to intoxication or otherwise, to infectious poisoning.
When the virus is recognized by the body, the immune system begins an active fight against it, while forming characteristic antibodies of the classes lgG and lgM, which then constitute a stable immune system against chickenpox for life.
High temperature with chickenpox
Note that chicken pox is almost always accompanied by a high level of fever. What is the temperature at chicken pox? In adults, a temperature of 39 degrees is quite common. In this case, a temperature of 40 degrees and above with chickenpox can be a signal of the development of possible infectious or bacterial complications. The temperature of 37 degrees or slightly higher is more often observed in children, but in adults this also happens, but much less often (we will discuss this in more detail later).
The level of temperature increase depends on the level of intoxication of the body. From this also depends on the severity of varicella, the form of the disease.
What day does the heat cause chickenpox? After the actual infection with chickenpox, for some time the person does not have any health problems. This stage of the disease is called the incubation period or, as it is also called, the latent form of the infection. The time span of this stage of the disease can vary from 7 to 21 days, depending on the work of the body’s immune system. The weaker the immune system, the less time it takes for the virus to incubate, and the more aggressive the disease will be. In adults, with the normal status of a natural defense system, the incubation period is 14-18 days. Infectious fever appears, as a rule, in the last 2 days of the latent course of infection, before the appearance of the first rash. Consequently, the temperature appears 12-16 days after infection.
How many days does chickenpox temperature last? To answer this question in detail, we need to refer to the classification of varicella forms according to the severity of the disease.
Temperature at different forms of infection
Today, there are 3 typical forms of chicken pox, characterized by different severity of infection:
- Easy form of windmill. In adults, the infection can easily occur mainly due to a recent course of immunoglobulin or after an emergency prophylactic vaccination, which is carried out no later than 72-96 hours after contact with the chickenpox virus. This form is characterized by a small number of lesions on the body and face and a temperature of 37-37.5 degrees. The temperature level at the same time may not be stable and passes, as a rule, on the 4th day;
- The moderate form of the disease is a frequent occurrence among the adult population. It is characterized by multiple rashes on the body and face, and a rash can appear on the mucous membranes and in the groin. The temperature is stable and reaches 38 degrees and above. How long does it last? As a rule, the fever lasts for 3-4 days, on the 5th day the temperature level decreases and can periodically appear again, but already within 37 degrees or slightly higher;
- Severe form of chicken pox is not so common among adult individuals suffering from this infection, but not uncommon. It is characterized by multiple rashes on the body and face, as well as in the groin, on the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat or nose. Rashes can appear on the genitals and on the eyes and eye area. The temperature is kept for a longer time and varies between 39-40 degrees. How long does the heat in this form? Often, a high temperature level is kept within 6-7 days, after which it begins to decrease;
How many days does chickenpox temperature in adults? In fact, the temperature may begin to decrease on day 4 or on day 6–8, after which it periodically occurs throughout the entire period of the illness, and closer to recovery, it completely passes. It is believed that an adult person suffers from chickenpox, on average, 8-12 days. Of these, 5–10 days temperature may be present.
Is it possible that chickenpox runs without heat? Yes, such cases are taking place, but it is a very big rarity. This course of chickenpox refers to a rudimentary or asymptomatic form of the infection. Most often occurs in young children after a prophylactic injection of immunoglobulin or in people of any age after prophylactic vaccination against chickenpox.
What to churn the temperature of chickenpox
Since chickenpox is a disease caused by the herpes simplex virus type 3, not every febrifuge can be used to treat it. What can not churn the temperature with chickenpox? It is strictly forbidden to use acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), since this drug has a negative effect on the liver, which can cause the development of deficiency and cause various complications of the central nervous system. In childhood, the use of aspirin for chickenpox can cause the death of a child, therefore, we can say that the use of aspirin for chickenpox is a matter of jurisdiction.
Some medical sources report that the use of ibuprofen-based antipyretic drugs is also undesirable, since ibuprofen can cause serious inflammation of the binding tissues.
Do you always need to beat down the heat? Doctors recommend to bring down the temperature only after reaching a mark above 38 degrees. At 37-37.9 degrees churn temperature is undesirable.
How to deal with the heat:
- When the temperature rises, it is necessary to increase the amount of fluid consumed (drink teas, fruit drinks, natural juices, or just water). In heat, the body is dehydrated, and increased fluid intake allows you to maintain the necessary water balance;
- Antipyretic drugs based on paracetamol. Some medical antipyretics may contain both paracetamol and ibuprofen, so it’s easier and safer to use conventional Paracetamol. This drug is weaker compared to ibuprofen, but is safe with chickenpox. The following drugs will do: Paracetamol, Panadol, Efferalgan, Efferalgan with Vitamin C, Calpol;
- Cool baths with added salt or potassium permanganate can be used. Cold water will reduce fever, and salt contributes to the drying of eruptions and relieves itching for a while. Potassium permanganate has an antiseptic effect on the rashes affected skin. Due to the absolute safety of this method, you can repeat the procedure every 3-4 hours;
- You can drink diaphoretic teas, berry fruit drinks or juices: tea with raspberry or raspberry jam, raspberry jam fruit juice, cranberry fruit juice, lingonberry juice or fruit juice, tea with lemon, red currant juice or tea with black currant leaves. In addition to reducing the heat, the above folk remedies have an antiseptic effect on the body. Everything else is a tasty treat;
Note that the above methods of reducing the heat are effective, but self-medicating with chickenpox is highly undesirable, because if you use drugs excessively or if you use them incorrectly, you can harm the weakened body. When the first signs and symptoms of infection appear, you should contact a qualified specialist who will prescribe, appropriate for your case of chickenpox, treatment, and also write out the necessary antipyretic agents to combat fever. In addition to competent recommendations for the treatment of chicken pox, you will receive a sick-list and you will not be able to go to work with a clear conscience.